Weather Radio Listeners Newsletter Issue 31

Weather_RADIO_LISTENERS_NEWSLETTER_ISSUE_31_August_1_2019
Hello and welcome to the third issue of the newsletter for 2019. It is summer and so far, it hasn’t been that bad in Ontario, but some parts of Canada had snow in July. I wish I was joking but, I’m not. At least the weather has become more consistent with summer weather throughout Canada, after the July snow..
Since the last issue, there have been some developments with Weatheradio Canada and I will get into the ones I know about, in a bit. Unfortunately, we also have some passings to talk about, from both the newsletter email list and Weatheradio Canada itself. James Organ  passed away on April 24th at the age of 70 or 71. He was a heavy smoker and was also a ham, with the call sign VE3EMT, as well as VE3OSJ. Some people liked him and others didn’t but you can’t deny his loyalty to the hobby and in particular, ARES (Amateur Radio Emergency Service) in Toronto, as well as doing various community walks like: MS Walk, walk for schizophrenia as well as doing the annual warriors day parade at Exhibition Place.
As far as Weatheradio goes, he knew a bit about it but was easily confused, as he had thought that the Toronto and St. Catharines WXR’s broadcasted much the same information. Once he called me on the phone, listening to both stations and because they both broadcast in english and french, he had thought that they were broadcasting information for the GTA, despite that they are on different frequencies and the transmitters are in different cities. I had to explain that they were completely different WXR’s and he then understood after a careful explanation of why they are both different from each other, despite the same voices on both frequencies. Those who were close to him, will surely miss him.
On June 19th former Dissemination Manager for Weatheradio Canada Tony Chir passed away. http://www.lifenews.ca/announcement/9452500-chir-anthony-joseph?fbclid=IwAR33K0Kx9QyN_Aok2_hGnFsqKkUOUvwoXwiGkXY4Tfi8gMQRfohzNLYYwSE
Here is what Geoff Coulson told me, about Tony, as he had worked with him for years in what was formerly named The Toronto Weather Office and is now known as The Ontario Storm Prediction Centre, by the time Tony had retired in 2007. With regards to Tony, yes, I knew him well during his time here at ECCC as well as after he retired. He was a frequent golf buddy. One of the best people I knew who touched many lives, he is sorely missed.” I had spoken with Tony on the phone a couple of times when I was a bit greener, as far as Weatheradio Canada and how VHF radio worked. I had thought that I would be able to hear the signal for Collingwood in the northern part of Toronto or, even traveling into Vaughn. In fact, the signal doesn’t even begin to break through until Aurora Go. Obviously, I know better now and since 2008, Denis Paquette had taken over Tony’s position until January 2016, with Warren Gash having the title, presently. I have nothing bad to say about Tony, or any of the people I had interacted with on the phone or by email over the years and obviously, it’s a bummer when someone you know is taken too soon. RIP to both James and Tony.

As for this issue, “The Watchdog Report” is back but it won’t be chronological as in past issues because, I simply forgot to write the outage is in my notes and had to dig into various Facebook groups and emails. So, this time it’s going to be a bit scattered and I have managed to collect most of the puzzle pieces for this issue, of the report. As I have said in the past, it may change with the new software and how outages will occur on the network and it may not even be called watchdog anymore. However, I will find out as best I can, as to how everything will be labeled and named so I can give you the latest in what is going on.
Anyway, I hope you enjoy this issue and have a safe rest of the summer and stay safe. I hope we have a great rest of what’s left of the summer of 2019 and it is nice and hot, but not stifling.
ChangesWXR Canada
At last, we have signs that Weatheradio Canada are about to go through some changes, which I had specified in previous issues but they look more likely now. There have been new voices added on to some WXR’s and they will be regular ones, once everything is switched over, as you will find out below. Also, some stations have been separated from each other, as they are no longer repeater stations of each other and even some VHF and UHF frequencies (outside the weather band) have been discontinued. As an example of this, here is a list of the changes which have happened for Weatheradio Canada in Ontario. Thanks to Warren Gash for kindly providing me with the list and, what he was allowed to tell me in an email.

1.       Sarnia/Oil Springs VHF (XJV 492 – 162.400 MHz) is now a stand-alone transmitter.  It uses the Nuance voices Tom/Nicolas for its ID.  The ID was updated to reflect its stand-alone nature, and the department name change to Environment and Climate Change Canada.

2.       Windsor/McGregor VHF (VAZ 533 – 162.475 MHz) uses the Nuance voices for its ID, which was updated to reflect its stand-alone nature, and the department name change to Environment and Climate Change Canada.

3.       Windsor/Victoria Park UHF (VAZ 826 – 407.2875 MHz) was closed, as it was no longer necessary as the broadcast feed for both repeaters in Oil Springs and McGregor.

4.       Sault Ste Marie/Derouche VHF (XMJ 373 – 162.400 MHZ) is now a stand-alone transmitter.  The ID was updated.

5.       The Montreal River VHF repeater (VAT 404 – 162.475 MHz) was relocated to Wawa, using the same ID and frequency, and is now a stand-alone transmitter.  The ID was updated to reflect its new location, stand-alone nature, and the department name change to Environment and Climate Change Canada.

6.       Sault Ste Marie/Industrial VHF (VAT 432 – 173.955 MHz) was closed, as it was no longer necessary as the broadcast feed for both repeaters in Derouche and Montreal River.

7.       Rosseau VHF (VBT 629 – 162.550 MHz) was upgraded.

8.       Little Current VHF (XMJ 375- 162.475 MHz) was made stand-alone, and no longer a repeater of Greater Sudbury UHF (XLJ 898 – 411.7125 MHz).  Both IDs were updated to reflect this change.

9.       Ramore VHF (VDB 885 – 162.400 MHz) will be made stand-alone and decoupled from Timmins VHF (VDB 886 – 162.475 MHz) later this month.

10.   Mount Forest VHF (XLN 600 – 162.450 MHz) will be made stand-alone and decoupled from Goderich UHF (XLT 839 – 407.2875 MHz) in August-September.

11.   The use of the Nuance voices will extend beyond the IDs, once we move transmitters from AVIPaDS to the iNotify system.  Date: To be determined.

12.   Voice selection will be determined in the near future.  I suspect that distinct ones will be used to differentiate the regular broadcast, from alerts.

 

In summary, here is the list of Ontario stations that are iNotify-ready (as of July 5, 2019):

 

1.       Algonquin Park

2.       Atikokan

3.       Barry’s Bay/Wilno

4.       Fort Frances

5.       Kenora

6.       Little Current

7.       Ottawa

8.       Pembroke

9.       Renfrew

10.   Rosseau

11.   Sarnia/Oil Springs

12.   Sault Ste Marie/Derouche

13.   Thunder Bay

14.   Wawa

15.   Windsor/McGregor

 Okay, now we know that the new software will be called iNotify and yeah, it sounds much like an Apple iOS branding but, it’s not. Yes, Nuance voices which have been around for a number of years will be a part of the broadcast and, all 4 of them are available on current iOS devices but, this probably isn’t a Tim Cook creation. Either way, I’m looking forward to hearing what it will sound like, once the new voices become regular on Weatheradio Canada.


This also brings up a question someone had asked me in the last few weeks. Will Weatheradio Canada be getting rid of transmitters? My guess is not necessarily but, some have already been closed because of the lack of a repeater station link. Like the example of Windsor and Sarnia/Oil Springs being finally separated from each other. So, I don’t think it will be a mass shrinkage, but out of necessity. That’s my own opinion on it and I welcome anyone else to offer their own and tell me I’m either right or wrong.


THE WATCHDOG REPORT

If you hear anything that doesn’t sound right on your local Weather Radio transmitter, there are various ways to report a problem that depend on where you live. If you live in The United States, you can call 1-888-697-7263. You can email NOAA at nwroutage@noaa.gov, or on the web at www.nws.noaa.gov/nwr. If you live in Canada, you can call 1-877-789-7733. You can email the National Weatheradio Canada Team at ec.wxradio.ec@canada.ca. Also, you can report it on the NOAA Weather Radio Weatheradio Canada Facebook page and the Yahoo Weatheradio Chat Group. You will find the link to both the Facebook and the Yahoo group later in this issue and all issues of the newsletter. You can also email the author directly at wxrnewsletter@gmail.com and it will be passed on for you.

Note from the author:

I will mainly include items with a definitive time stamp on them, from start to finish. That is in affect the whole point of this report, to give as conclusively as possible, dates and times when outages have begun and ended. However, in recent issues I have started putting in outages with unknown start and end times, as honourable mentions. However, I still would prefer definitive start and end times, for reference in other sources and websites. For this issue, I have decided not to include them in any particular order so, if you want to see your area as reported by myself or someone else, read on. Also, I will include comments about such problems and again, no order here so, keep reading. Okay?

July 22nd at around 11:15 AM, Toronto XMJ 225 went into watchdog without any warning and came back between 2:00 and 3:00 PM, this time on dial-up. Unfortunately, this had resulted in no alerts being sent out to that WXR, including the weekly test or any severe thunderstorm watches or warnings which were issued.

May 20

Andrew Back

Is there something down? I live south of London and our local broadcast (ch4) is nothing but static since at least yesterday morning. I checked with a buddy of mine who is in London and both his mobile unit and home base are doing the same as mine so I know it’s not our radios. Dave Ross reported that London was back and broadcasting, on May 21st.

June 21st

Brian Rodgers

Halifax Station XLK 473 is now having problems broadcasting weather information, because it is in watchdog.

May 20

Marc Fitkin

Algonquin Park on 162.400 is not transmitting. This was unfortunate because getting any alerts for what was a truly unpredictable weekend we didn’t get.  WeatherCan app worked as advertised but the forecasts were not a reflection of what happened.  A totally whacky weekend.

June 3rd

Calvin Dejong

Weatheradio Canada VAZ533 in Windsor appears to be in watchdog, technical difficulties message and station ID repeating, except the ID is using new synthesized voices. XJV492 Sarnia also has the synthesized voice for station ID (but still only rarely, wish it was every English cycle).

June 20

Toronto XMJ 225 had gone off the air, literally and was restored some time later, as if nothing had happened.

June 13

Looks like a potential problem with Toronto XMJ 225 is happening. Things like forecasts and hourly reports in both languages start playing and are suddenly cut off and on to the next thing. Hopefully someone can fix this before a watchdog starts barking.

What had happened is that nothing was updated after the 8:00 AM hourly reports and as the morning went on, problems arose with bins starting and not playing all the way through. It had to be taken off the air for a few minutes to reset everything and everything became alright again, for the time being.

July 5

Martin Roldan

VDC816 Brooks, AB hasn’t broadcasted anything in about a month. No weather forecasts or alerts. Can someone tell me what likely happened?

The same thing was reported on May 4th with the same WXR. For any of the comments and reports I have put here without an end date to the outage, they are all honourable mentions.

On Saturday May 25th at 10:15 PM, St. Catharines VAD 320 had gone into watchdog mode, during the first severe weather outbreak of 2019 in Ontario. It came back on Monday May 27th at 7:13 AM.

On Saturday June 1st at around 6:27 PM, all of Ontario had gone into watchdog and had come back within a few minutes.

On June 28 around 11:15 P.m, Toronto XMJ 225 and the rest of Ontario has just gone into watchdog and was restored some time on June 29th.

On Saturday July 6th at Just before 2:00 PM, St Catharines VAD 320 had gone into watchdog mode and had come back around 11:00 PM, the same day. The 11:00 AM forecast had gone through and that is when things had stopped updating, until the WXR was reset.

On Tuesday July 30th St Catharines VAD 320 had gone into watchdog mode, just before 7:00 PM. The 3:00 PM hourly report went through, along with the 3:30 PM forecast and everything had stopped updating. It was restored around 8:00 AM the next morning.

On Wednesday July 31st, Toronto XMJ 225 had quit broadcasting with a Dead carrier and was restored at 7:44 AM, after being taken off the air for a minute or two. As a bonus, it is back on FTP.

THE CANWARN/SKYWARN REPORT

CANWARN (CANadian Weather Amateur Radio Network) is a volunteer organization of amateur radio operators who report severe weather and damage reports to Environment Canada when they see it. Weather reports from amateur radio operators help confirm on the ground what satellites and radars see in the atmosphere. The information gathered from CANWARN is also used to update and fine tune weather warnings, fill in gaps in current observing networks and is also valuable in forensic storm analysis. When Environment Canada issues severe weather watches or warnings, they may alert the CANWARN volunteer Net Controllers in the affected areas. The volunteer Net Controllers contact other CANWARN members on the amateur radio, tell them a watch or warning has been issued and ask them to report signs of approaching severe weather. In the US SKYWARN is the American counterpart to CANWARN in Canada and the purpose for it is exactly the same.

For this section of the newsletter, we will explore how different CANWARN and SKYWARN groups operate in their local region, from time to time. There may be some SKYWARN information from meteorologists in this issue and there will be some tips on how to report severe weather for both CANWARN and SKYWARN.

We may not agree with everything that is written here, but it is important to hear from others to see how different groups operate throughout North America.

Authors Note:

I would like to know about both CANWARN and or.SKYWARN training schedules, outside of Ontario. Unfortunately, I have not received any emails from meteorologists or my fellow spotters, as to when sessions are will be conducted. Of course, I will post them as a standalone blog post outside the newsletter timeline and when ever a new schedule update is released. I have given my email address many times throughout the newsletter and any help on that is certainly welcome. Many thanks in advance.

So, for those who attended a CANWARN session in Ontario, what did you think? For those who used words and descriptions like: wattered down and not very good, I agree that it wasn’t the same as what we are used to with Geoff but, Gerald is new to this and he is a different person. He will either change his delivery over time or, it will stay the same. Unfortunately, for those who attended the Toronto session on May 4th, we couldn’t get a tour because of a teleconference going on, dew to the flooding in parts of Ontario so, that was a let down. But, I am willing to give Gerald more time, before I can actually constructively criticize him, if need be.

As for the future of CANWARN, here is what Geoff Coulson told me in an email and, the same email where he talked about Tony. I had asked him if there was any new information coming, in the form of a mass blast and here is what he told me, about what is to come.

“Hi, Gord, no new info on the CANWARN front. I continue to plug away at some scripts that could be used for short storm spotter training videos on Youtube. The program will likely continue to have some public training sessions but more and more people will be steered towards the videos and the online manual I am developing. The videos and online manual likely won’t be done till sometime next year so that is why at least some public training venues will again be held in 2020”.


This will surely be interesting to watch how this comes together and how many of us begin to take or refresh our training online and not attend sessions next year. My main reason is to meet like minded people and to show off to my friends and family, that I have been in an important place, where serious work is done and payed for, by the federal government, no matter who is in power. Besides, I get to leave home for a few hours and enjoy other’s company. However, I welcome the online aspect because this may be a way of showing the public that anyone can help out with detecting the weather around them because, we are the eyes and ears and our reports are just as important as reports from observation stations and weather radar.

As for SKYWARN training schedules, you can go to either of the following sites:

http://www.nws.noaa.gov/skywarn/

http://skywarn.org/

https://www.meted.ucar.edu/training_course.php?id#

http://spotterguides.us/

There are many links for you to look at on these sites. 🙂

SPOTTER REPORTING TIPS

How to Report

Amateur radio network (if applicable) – Amateur Radio Condition 

Condition Codes: Code Green – Severe Thunderstorm Watch

Code Yellow – Severe Thunderstorm Warning or Tornado Watch

Code Red – Tornado Warning

in Ontario by email at storm.ontario@ec.gc.ca

Twitter with hashtag #onstorm

If you are CANWARN trained you should give the following information to the weather office in order to help them ground truth: Your name, CANWARN ID, contact number, – Where – you are located and the approximate location of what you are reporting, – Describe what you are witnessing/what you witnessed, the time of occurrence of the event and duration, its movement (where the phenomenon came from and where it is going).

In the spring/summer severe weather season, please report the following:

Hail (use coins to describe its size…dime, nickel, quarter, loonie for larger hail…golf ball etc.), Heavy rain that has resulted in local flooding, Damaging winds (damage from tree branches down to more significant tree or structural damage), Large scale rotation in a thunderstorm such as: Wall Cloud – Funnel Cloud, Waterspout and Tornado, Dense fog – visibility less than 1 km

Note: if you are unsure of the rotation or presence of a wall cloud or funnel cloud…watch the area for a few minutes if it is safe to do so to verify the situation.

For the fall/winter, please report the following: Dense fog (visibility less than 1 km), Any occurrence of freezing rain or freezing drizzle, Heavily accumulating snow (2 or more cm/hr), Whiteout conditions in snow/blowing snow (visibility near zero), Rapid freezing of water on road surfaces.

For SKYWARN spotters, you should report: Tornadoes or funnel clouds (be very wary of look-alikes; watch for rotation)

waterspouts, Wall clouds, especially if they are rotating

Hail (Be specific with regard to size; however, YOU SHOULD NOT report MARBLE size)

Winds (40 mph or greater; specify whether they are estimated or recorded), large branches downed (specify the diameter of the branch), Trees/power lines downed, Structural damage to buildings such as roof, windows, etc.

Rainfall (1 inch or greater in an hour) (NOT a 1″/hr. rate for 10 minutes), 2 inches or greater storm total, Flooding — Streams/Rivers — also, when nearing bankful — Coastal — Street (Road Closures/Washouts, Cars Stuck due to flood waters. Minimum of 6″ of water covering an entire roadway or lane of a major route/highway).

For Winter Weather you should report: Precipitation type change (rain to sleet/freezing rain/snow, when the change has “taken hold”), Thunder when it is accompanied by snow, 1/4″ radial ice accretion (from twig outward; not circumference), New Snowfall from the First 2 inches; every 2-3 inches thereafter, 1 inch per hour or greater.

If it is less than 2 inches total, give the final total only Give final total: no partial reports please) Report any snow/sleet/freezing rain if not in NWS forecast.

Please consult your local Amateur Radio club or CANWARN or SKYWARN group for their: email address, Twitter account or Facebook pages.

Weather Nets On Ham Radio from Daryl Stout WX4QZ

a) VoIP Skywarn Hurricane Prep Net — Meets at 8pm Eastern, 7pm Central, 6pm Mountain, 5pm Pacific Time, on the *WX_TALK* Echolink Conference Server…Echolink Node 7203, and IRLP Node 9219. 

During the off-season hurricane months from December through May, the net meets on the FIRST SATURDAY of the month ONLY. During the Atlantic Hurricane Season, from June through November, the net meets WEEKLY, at 8pm Eastern, 7pm Central, 6pm Mountain, and 5pm Pacific Time. 

Also, note that on the first Saturday of December, the net is ONE HOUR EARLIER…at 7pm Eastern, 6pm Central, 5pm Mountain, and 5pm Pacific Time. This is so at the conclusion of Skywarn Recognition Day, stations don’t have to wait for the net to occur. 

Further details are at http://www.voipwx.net

b) Southeast US D-Star Weather Net — Meets at 9pm Eastern, 8pm Central, 7pm Mountain, and 6pm Pacific, every Sunday night, on Reflector 4, Port A. The net also meets on the Southeast US D-Star Weather Net Ratflector on D-Rats.

Further details are at http://www.dstarinfo.com/se-d-star-wx-net.aspx

Lastly, stations can get a list of selected D-Star Nets during the week by sending an email to me at wx1der@gmail.com — and again, a list of selected Echolink Nets is at http://http://www.theweatherwonder.com/elk.htm

Daryl Stout, WX4QZ, Net Control

Southeast US D-Star Weather Net

Certified Skywarn Severe Storrrm Spotter

Where toPurchase Weather Radios

Weather Radios can be purchased at various electronics stores that specialize in radios and other equipment such as:

CB World at http://www.werecb.com/,

Universal Radio at http://www.universal-radio.com/,

Radiooorld at http://www.radioworld.ca/,

Burnaby Radio at http://www.burnabyradio.com/,

Ambient Weather at http://www.ambientweather.com/, and many more retailers throughout North America.

Best Buy, which caters more to General  consumer Electronics such as, Smart phones, tablets, MP3 players etc. However, they also Carrie some Weather Radios, in both Canada and the US. http://www.bestbuy.com/ also in Canada http://m.bestbuy.ca/defaultpage.aspx?lang=en and if you want results from a search on Weather Radios, https://www.bestbuy.ca/en-CA/Search/SearchResults.aspx?query=Weather+radio

Or, the free iOS app Best Buy Canada by Best Buy Canada Ltd

https://appsto.re/ca/_2iex.i

If you want more information about the app, check The developer website for more information. http://www.bestbuy.ca/en-ca/bestbuyapps.aspx

When planning to purchase your first Weather Radio, it is highly recommended to look for the Public Alert identification logo.

Weather Information on the Internet

Suggested weather sites to visit as follows; In Canada the current websites url is http://www.weather.gc.ca 

Want to get your weather in the US? Go to http://www.nws.noaa.gov/

Weatheradio Canada webpage at http://www.ec.gc.ca/weatheradio

NOAA Weather Radio webpage at http://www.nws.noaa.gov/nwr.

DX Info Centre at http://www.dxinfocentre.com/, to hear what Weather Radio sounds like before buying your first receiver, visit YouTube at http://www.youtube.com/ or just use Google to watch or listen to Youtube video or audio.

The NOAA Weather Radio All Hazards Newsletter is published four times a year. There is some seasonal information to notify recipients of additional weather information available to them that they may not know about (most of which can be found on the NOAA Watch web site http://www.noaawatch.gov/ ). At this site you can also subscribe to various weather feeds. The rest of the newsletter remains relatively unchanged due to outreach requirements. The current newsletter is available at the Noaa Weather Radio website http://www.weather.gov/nwr/news.htm. At this time, there is no newsletter mailing list to subscribe.

If you have additional questions, please feel free to e-mail answers@noaa.gov, here is the link to the answers website; http://findanswers.noaa.gov/noaa.answers/consumer/search.asp.

Yahoo Weatheradio Chatgroup, at

http://tech.Groups.yahoo.com/group/weatheradio/,

NOAA and Weatheradio Canada group on Facebook,

https://m.facebook.com/groups/weatheradio/

WXtoIMG at http://www.wxtoim.com/downloads/,

Digital Atmosphere at http://www.weathergraphics.com/da/

WebEx

http://www.freewebs.com/ve1jbl/canwarn.htm

NWS Taunton Amateur Radio SKYWARN Station home page at http://www.wx1box.org

The Maritime Amateur (Ham Radio for Maritimers by Maritimers) http://www.maritimeamateur.ca

VoIP Hurricane Prep Net – Saturday 9pm Atlantic Time / http://www.voipwx.net/

Phil Chadwicks blog at philtheforecaster.blogspot.com

Weather or Weather Radio Apps

This is a growing list and it needs more results for future reference. If you have idea’s for weather or Weather Radio apps which should be put into future issues of the newsletter, send an email to the author at wxrnewsletter@gmail.com. Right now these are iPhone apps only, because that is all we have at the moment. Your help is needed to expand it.

Alertable by Public Emergency Alerting Services Inc

https://itunes.apple.com/ca/app/alertable/id1277488940?mt=8

Note: for android users there is an android version of this app, which you can find on the Google Play store.

Weather Office Free by X2 Studios

https://appsto.re/ca/–gXw.i

This app provides weather and forecast information for both Canada and the US from Environment Canada and the National Weather Service respectively. In fact nearly all apps mentioned here provide information from one or both sources. There is a version you pay for but to me, it is the same as the free version.

NOAA Weather Radio by Christopher Coudriet

https://appsto.re/ca/R0LCy.i

This app allows you to listen to NOAA Weather Radio and receive alerts for your county in the US. It would be nice if it also provided the same feature for Weatheradio Canada and Canadians too, as it provides some Canadian WXR’s as live streams.

Weather Radio by WDT by Weather Decision Technologies, Inc.

https://appsto.re/ca/5eBPy.i

This app gives you NWS alerts and also pushes lightning alerts to your iPhone, when lightning is possibly detected in your local area or, in area’s you have selected.

TuneIn Radio – Stream Live Radio by TuneIn

https://appsto.re/ca/_7t-y.i

This popular app allows you to listen to conventional, Internet and even some Weather Radio stations when and where available. you can even listen to podcasts of your favourite radio shows if you like and maybe even audiobooks, To help you pass the time in the monotony of a commute or while waiting in the waiting room for an appointment. 

WeatherCAN, Environment and Climate Change Canada’s new weather app is now available on Android and iOS. Check your store to download. Here is the iOS link.

WeatherCAN by Environment and Climate Change Canada https://itunes.apple.com/ca/app/weathercan/id1334221563?mt=8

https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=ca.gc.ec.weather_app_android.ops&hl=en_US

Météo – Canadian Weather by North Bits Solutions Ltd.

https://appsto.re/ca/vu0i3.i

This is another app designed for Canadians and is available in both english and french. It is similar to the Degrees Pro app and some of the others on this list. It is also free, despite that it offers in app purchases.

Atmosphérique Pro – Canadian Weather from EC by Quadrant Newmedia Corp.

https://appsto.re/ca/ZcvgB.i

Weather Gods by Weather Gods Ltd
https://apps.apple.com/ca/app/weather-gods/id1041512978

This app is an interesting one, in that it provides weather alerts and plays sound affects too, so a lot of people who are blind appreciate it for its ease of use. However, it pushes weather alerts to the iPhone a few minutes late and that isn’t good, in a potential tornado situation where you may have less than 15 minutes to prepare and get into a safe place, to avoid being struck and killed by flying debris. However, it does push severe weather alerts so, if you wish to give it a try go ahead but I encourage you to use it with another app, like WeatherCAN, which is much faster and pushes alerts in a more timely manner.

My Lightning Tracker & Alerts by JRustonApps B.V.
https://apps.apple.com/ca/app/my-lightning-tracker-alerts/id1175031987

This is another app which pushes lightning alerts to your iPhone but you have more control over how they are sent out, such as changing the distance and time duration between receiving a push notification from the app. Also, you have an option of changing the sound used to alert you of a lightning strike but it doesn’t notify you that it has been 30 minutes since the last lightning strike within 17 km of your current location. But, it still is a good app.

The official Weather Radio Listeners Newsletter Twitter Account

https://mobile.twitter.com/wxrnewsletter

There are many reliable manufacturers and retailers of Weather Radios sold in Canada and the USA. Below is a list of the recommended models currently for sale. Note: This list of suggested weather radios is strictly for informational purposes, and not as an endorsement of any specific model or manufacturer.

Midland Radio Corporation http://www.Midlandradio.com WR-300, W-r100B, EH55VP, WR-120, HH54VP, HH54VP2, ER102, Er300, ER310, EH55VP, Nautico 3, WR-11 and WR-400 are all manufactured by Midland and sold in North America.

Oregon Scientific http://www2oregonscientific.com W-R601, W-R203 and W-R602 are currently sold in North America.

Uniden Corporation http://www.Uniden.comBC75XLT, BC95XLT, BC125AT, BC346XT, BCT15X, BCD996XT, Homepatrol, BC436HP, BC536HP and BCD396XT are currently sold in North America.

Sangean USA http://www.Sangean.com CL100, DT400,, DT500, MMR88, PR-D4W and PRD9W are manufactured by Sangean and currently sold in North America.

Reecom Electronics Inc

http://www.reecominc.com R-1630, R-1650, R-200 and R-500 are manufactured by Reecom and currently sold in North America.

Kaito Electronics Inc http://www.kaitousa.com/. KA500, KA101 and KA600 are currently sold in North America.

Alert Works http://www.alert-works.com/ Alert Works desktop model EAR-10 is currently sold in North America.

In Closing

If you have any comments or suggestions, or if you wish to submit an article, please email me at wxrnewsletter@gmail.com. You can also follow me on Twitter @WxrNewsletter. Also, check out The Weather Radio Listeners Newsletter on Facebook at https://www.facebook.com/groups/1854305558188610/

I would like to give special thanks to those who made contributions to this latest issue as follows:

Daryl Stout WX4QZ, Marc-Antoine Chabot, Warren Gash, Bob Robichaud VE1MBR, Midland Radio Corporation, Malcolm Kendal VE3BGD, Jim Langille VE1JBL, Gregory Zwicker, Phil Chadwick and Marc Fitkin for their help and contributions to the newsletter, among others who have been mentioned earlier.

Sincerely, Gord The Old Reliable.VA3WXA

From my iPhone 8

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July 2019 SAME/ 1050 Hs.Tone Tests

Hi folks. This is the July 2019 monthly post which contains the monthly reports for the SAME and 1050 HZ tone test alerts for Weatheradio Canada, as I have them.

Monthly SAME and 1050 HZ Tone Test Reports for June 2019

SAME and 1050 Hz tone test report for July 3rd 2019

St Catharines VAD320 (162.475 MHz) (RWT) 11:52 AM, (RMT) 11:57 AM, (1050 Hz tone) 11:59 AM EDT, Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (RWT) 11:54 AM, (RMT) 11:59 AM, (1050 TONE) 11:59 AM EST.

SAME Test report for July 10th 2019

St Catharines VAD320 (162.475 MHz) (RWT) 11:52 AM EST, Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (RWT) 11:54 AM EST.

SAME Test Report For July 17th 2019

St Catharines VAD320 (162.475 MHz) (RWT) 11:52 AM EST, Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (RWT) 11:54 AM EST.

SAME Test report for May 24th 2019

YARMOUTH XLW-573 (162.475 MHz) 12:04 pm ADT St Catharines VAD320 (162.475 MHz) (RWT) 11:52 AM EST, Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (RWT) normally at 11:54 AM EST but not today, dew to it being on dial-up.

SAME Test Report For July 17th 2019

YARMOUTH XLW-573 (162.475 MHz) 12:04 pm ADT, St Catharines VAD320 (162.475 MHz) (RWT) 11:52 AM EST, Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (RWT) usually 11:54 AM EST, but not today for the same reason for last weeks lack of a test. Thanks to Bill Curry for his reports on Yarmouth NS.

Weather Radio Terminology

This is a post I simply had to do, because of more than one person asking about one of the terms, which relate to how either NWR or Weatheradio Canada operates. So, for those who keep asking what watchdog or any seemingly unknowable term (relating to Weatheradio Canada or NOAA Weather Radio) is, here is a standalone version of a portion of a recent issue of the newsletter, with what I called “Weather Radio Terminology”, as apposed to a glossary. Here, I will explain in more detail about most of the terms I mentioned here in the previous issue of the newsletter and that particular section. These both relate to both or either Weatheradio Canada and NOAA Weather Radio and I will state whether the term in question, relates to one or the other.

SAME:

Specific Area Message Encoding:

A method of alert localization, in which you can set alerts to go off for one or more regions or counties of your choosing. This is on both Weatheradio Canada and NOAA Weather Radio and has been for years.

WXR:

Fancy initials which simply mean Weather Radio transmitter, relating to both WXR Canada and NWR.

All Counties:

The All Counties setting allows you to receive SAME alerts from anycounties within the listening area of your local WXR. This and the next term relates to various models of WX radios and not WXR Canada or NWR.

Any Counties

The same as All Counties,

Basic Tone Alert

A WX radio with only the abbility to alert using the 1050 Hz tone for short fuze warnings or alerts which only require it. Weatheradio Canada mostly uses it currently, for alerts such as: Severe Thunderstorm Warning and Tornado Warning, along with the monthly 1050 Hz tone test on the first Wednesday of each month.

CLC code

Canadian Location Code:: which relates to Weatheradio Canada.

A six digit code representing the local area in which alerts will open up your WX radio.

FIPS Code:

Federal Industry Processing Standerds:

The NWR counterpart to CLC.

Watchdog:

An indication to Weatheradio Canada listeners that there has been no new data after 3 hours and a “stay alive message” is sent out. This was first on the network in 2010 and this also relates to the next term below.

Stay Alive Message:

A message stating that a WXR is going through technical difficulties and can not broadcast weather information at this time. This relates to both NWR and Weatheradio Canada but, only Weatheradio Canada has a name for the outage, other than “outage.”

Avipads:

The software used by Weatheradio Canada to disseminate weather information from the Internet over the network.

I hope this helps.

Monthly SAME & 1050 Hz Tone Test Reports for June 2019

Hi folks. This is the June 2019 monthly post which contains the monthly reports for the SAME and 1050 HZ tone test alerts for Weatheradio Canada, as I have them.

Monthly SAME and 1050 HZ Tone Test Reports for June 2019

SAME and 1050 Hz tone test report for June 5th 2019

St Catharines VAD320 (162.475 MHz) (RWT) 11:52 AM, (RMT) 11:57 AM, (1050 Hz tone) 11:59 AM EDT, Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (RWT) 11:54 AM, (RMT) 11:59 AM, (1050 TONE) 11:59 AM EST.

SAME Test report for June 12th 2019

St Catharines VAD320 (162.475 MHz) (RWT) 11:52 AM EST, Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (RWT) 11:54 AM EST.

SAME Test Report For June 19th 2019

St Catharines VAD320 (162.475 MHz) (RWT) 11:52 AM EST, Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (RWT) 11:54 AM EST.

SAME Test report for May 26th 2019

St Catharines VAD320 (162.475 MHz) (RWT) 11:52 AM EST, Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (RWT) 11:54 AM EST.

SAME & 1050 Hz Tone Test Report for May 2019

Hi folks. This is the May 2019 monthly post which contains the monthly reports for the SAME and 1050 HZ tone test alerts for Weatheradio Canada, as I have them.Monthly SAME and 1050 HZ Tone Test Reports for May 2019

SAME and 1050 Hz tone test report for May 1st 2019

St Catharines VAD320 (162.475 MHz) (RWT) 11:52 AM, (RMT) 11:57 AM, (1050 Hz tone) 11:59 AM EDT, Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (RWT) 11:54 AM, (RMT) 11:59 AM, (1050 TONE) 11:59 AM EST.

SAME Test report for May 8th 2019

St Catharines VAD320 (162.475 MHz) (RWT) 11:52 AM EST, Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (RWT) 11:54 AM EST.

SAME Test Report For May 15th 2019

St Catharines VAD320 (162.475 MHz) (RWT) 11:52 AM EST, Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (RWT) 11:54 AM EST.

SAME Test report for May 22nd 2019

Yarmouth XLW 573 (162.475 MHz) 12:50 PM ADT, St Catharines VAD320 (162.475 MHz) (RWT) 11:52 AM EST, Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (RWT) 11:54 AM EST.

SAME Test report for May 29th 2019

St Catharines VAD320 (162.475 MHz) (RWT) 11:52 AM EST, Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (RWT) 11:54 AM EST.

Thanks to Bill Curry for his report from Yarmouth Nova Scotia.

Weather Radio Listeners Newsletter Issue 30

Weather_RADIO_LISTENERS_NEWSLETTER_ISSUE_30_May_1_2019
Hello and welcome to the second issue of the newsletter for 2019. It is spring and after winter’s fury during the first half of March, I’m glad it’s done with us. Also, April wasn’t as cold and cruel as it was last year, with the month (as a whole) feeling much more like spring, than it did during April 2018 throughout most parts of Canada.
On another note, this issue ties The Simpsons in that while we are on our 30th issue, The Simpsons is on its 30th season and there are 2 episodes yet to air. I’ve talked about The Simpsons in earlier issues and if you wish to read my earlier articles within posts, go to issues: 9, 11, 12 and 13 for my comments and synopsis’s on weather related Simpsons episodes. There are more of them which I hadn’t mentioned but weather plays a smaller roll in them. I will include an excerpt from a post in my blog (which relates to The Simpsons) talking about 3 episodes which have thunderstorms in them. However, I will include them later on so, if you are a fan of Homer and the rest of the yellow family from Springfield, read on to get some more weather related “d’oh” moments from Homer and company.
Finally, you will notice that there really isn’t a lot of Weather Radio related articles in this issue. That’s because there really has been not much to talk about, with no new information on the new voices for Weatheradio Canada and when they are to be launched on the network. Also, for the first time I have heard no new reports of any watchdog events for Weatheradio Canada or, lengthy outages. If there have been, nobody has come foraward and emailed or messaged me with any such information. So, I assume that all is well?
Anyway, I hope you enjoy this issue and have a safe rest of the spring and summer severe weather season. I hope we have a great summer and it is nice and hot, but not stifling.
WeatherCAN, Revisited
Good day,
It is our pleasure to announce that we have launched our new mobile app called WeatherCAN. The app responds to the evolving needs of Canadians to access reliable weather information directly at the tip of their fingers, wherever they are in Canada.
Available on Apple and Android smartphones, WeatherCAN draws its weather data and information directly from Environment and Climate Change Canada, the official source for Canadian weather alerts. 
The first version of our app offers the following key features:
• Current conditions, hourly- and 7-day forecasts for over 10,000 locations in Canada.
• Push notifications for all weather alerts issued by Environment and Climate Change Canada for your location and saved locations. 
• Weather information for your location (following you as you travel) as well as for saved locations anywhere in Canada.
• High-resolution radar animation on a zoomable map background.
• A message centre providing weather facts and climate information relevant to the current weather.
• Today and short-range forecast widget for quick, at-a-glance weather information.
• Accessible in English and French, and an in-app ability to switch between languages.
That was a rather lengthy excerpt of an email I received on April 10th from Environment and Climate Change Canada, only because of my involvement with CANWARN. Since I had composed the standalone post on April 11th, I figured I would revisit it and include comments from those of you, who have responded on Facebook or to me personally, by other methods of communication. I have given my opinions on what should be done in the future and there is some agreement on this, so far and here are the comments I have received from those on the email list and on FB.
“I downloaded the new Environment Canada Weather app. However, I can get NO precipitation to appear on the radar choice even when I know there is ongoing precipitAtion at that site. It has yet to show any precipitAtion. My other apps..Météo and weather network shows precipitAtion. I have four stations ..Oshawa, Bancroft, Algonquin Park, and Englehart. The base map comes up but no overlying info. The other apps eg. Meteo and weather network radar works fine.”
“I love the app. It replaced The Weather Network on my phone. I would like to see Satellite imagery and, a Lightning map would be even better. I’m not fond of the radar, light colors on a white oriented map makes it difficult to see radar detail. There is no option to change maps. Additional notifications for alerts each time they are updates, would be even better as an option and an option only. I find alerts are issued on the app faster than their website and, it’s a supplement to Weatheradio Canada for sure.”
“I would really like it if in the future voiceover would be able to read radar, I know this is just wishful thinking, and there probably is only a very small percentage of us that utilize the app with voiceover, it would just be a really nice touch, unfortunately at this stage in the game I don’t believe that’s possible. A marine tab would also be nice, and marine weather alerts.”
Those are 3 separate comments from 3 people, who use the app and it’s functionality for them. Here is one from someone who maintains another app, which I provide a link to in the section devoted to weather applications.
“The Eccc app is interesting… I’m personally not a fan of the design, but I do like the radar map. For the current location, I wish they didn’t implement the fine grain locations like they did. I feel it’s a bit deceiving because it’s not actually the weather for the “current” location. For example, I live about 45min outside of Saskatoon and the Eccc app does say the weather is for the closest town… but in reality there is only one weather station in the area and that’s for Saskatoon. I do understand though… this is what The Weather Network and other big weather apps do, so gotta keep up with them.”
That is exactly how I feel about it, VS. Météo and it’s being more-or-less faithful to the website. Altho, if you allow the website to use your current location and you live in Toronto, it gives you: Pearson International Airport, Toronto City Centre Airport and oddly, Richmond Hill instead of Vaughan. I’ve noticed this while at home and when I went to the CANWARN session at Environment Canada on May 5th last year and made a mental note of it. There wasn’t as many options in other cities near Toronto, as I discovered when going to the Oakville session last May and before I heard the 2 new voices and the survey announcement on Weatheradio. Anyway, I digress.
As for the comment on the weather for the location WeatherCAN thinks is nearest to us, it is the weather conditions and not necessarily the forecasts or alerts which may be the problem. For example: if you live in a big city like Toronto, there are 2 or 3 observation locations in the area, either app could pinpoint as your location. Also, the example I am giving is for when I am in my home location, either in my apartment or near by.
WeatherCAN thinks I’m closest to Pearson airport, while Météo thinks I’m closest to Toronto city Centre airport. When I went to my dentist appointment in February, I checked the hourly reports or “Now” tab and WeatherCAN found me in North York… which I was and Météo thought my closest observation location was Pearson International Airport. However, North York gives the weather conditions for Toronto Buttonville Airport, which is actually in Markham, which is a part of York Region. Thankfully, the forecasts and alerts apply to the city of Toronto and not Vaughan, Richmond Hill and Markham, as they are clustered together with SAME and in weather forecasts. I made certain to verify this, during a recent spring storm, with both Wintery and spring weather conditions, prompting various warnings throughout Ontario.
As for the earlier comment about a lightning map and satellite, Météo has this but it is an iPhone app so, this is a valid comment. Also, the Alertable app has updated severe weather advisories (as they are called) and this includes weather advisories up to watches and warnings issued by Environment Canada. However, it doesn’t update special weather statements as WeatherCAN should do, as well as watches, warnings and advisories (in my opinion). If weather applications are here to serve us and hopefully save lives, why not go all out and give us everything, with as much control over what we see and hear on our smart phones or tablets? After all, some of us use VoiceOver on iOS devices and what ever you have, will ding, dong or something… when an alert goes out to it. Right? Also, some of us have other reasons for wanting as much control over what we see and hear, because of our involvement with CANWARN and not all net controllers can do a net at home, while at their computer, where they will receive emails with the latest watches and warnings. Right? I wish that any of the apps I have now, were around when I did my own CANWARN nets for Halton CANWARN back in 2011 and I certainly would have wanted all of the control over how I was to be alerted and which alerts I would hear, so I could have updated people in a timely manner, instead of being late.
Anyway, I downloaded the app almost a month after I acquired my new iPhone 8. I still think it needs the improvements I and others have mentioned but I think it’s great for a start. I will obviously be using the app and following its progress, as it evolves and hopefully, more functionality and control is given to us in the future. After all, it is CANWARN training session time again, across Canada.
As for how the release of the new application could affect the future of Weatheradio Canada, I don’t think it will and the same is true of other apps, which do similar things. Someone commented on the other applications out there, which offer much the same functionality and the response was (and I’m paraphrasing here) that they want to disseminate and not compete with other applications. So, in the case of Weatheradio Canada existing alongside this application, I think they both can co-exist together and at some points in the broadcast cycle, the app could have and should have been promoted, from time to time, for those who may not use the website or go shopping at either the iTunes App Store or Google Play Store all that often. I have always said that you shouldn’t just rely on one thing to keep up with the weather because, if the radio goes down (i-e) into watchdog, where would you go to be kept up to date with the latest weather forecasts, conditions and watches or warnings? Also, for those of us who are CANWARN trained and net controllers, the app has the potential to be a tool, for mobile use, whether someone is doing a net from their car or somewhere else outside their home location. If all of what we ask for is granted to us, then WeatherCAN and other weather apps can all serve to save our own lives, as well as others more efficiently, as long as everything works on both ends.
THE CANWARN/SKYWARN REPORT
CANWARN (CANadian Weather Amateur Radio Network) is a volunteer organization of amateur radio operators who report severe weather and damage reports to Environment Canada when they see it. Weather reports from amateur radio operators help confirm on the ground what satellites and radars see in the atmosphere. The information gathered from CANWARN is also used to update and fine tune weather warnings, fill in gaps in current observing networks and is also valuable in forensic storm analysis. When Environment Canada issues severe weather watches or warnings, they may alert the CANWARN volunteer Net Controllers in the affected areas. The volunteer Net Controllers contact other CANWARN members on the amateur radio, tell them a watch or warning has been issued and ask them to report signs of approaching severe weather. In the US SKYWARN is the American counterpart to CANWARN in Canada and the purpose for it is exactly the same.
For this section of the newsletter, we will explore how different CANWARN and SKYWARN groups operate in their local region, from time to time. There may be some SKYWARN information from meteorologists in this issue and there will be some tips on how to report severe weather for both CANWARN and SKYWARN.
We may not agree with everything that is written here, but it is important to hear from others to see how different groups operate throughout North America.
Authors Note:
I would like to know about both CANWARN and or.SKYWARN training schedules, outside of Ontario. Unfortunately, I have not received any emails from meteorologists or my fellow spotters, as to when sessions are will be conducted. Of course, I will post them as a standalone blog post outside the newsletter timeline and when ever a new schedule update is released. I have given my email address many times throughout the newsletter and any help on that is certainly welcome. Many thanks in advance.
If you have had a chance to read the standalone post I recently did, (with the first scheduled CANWARN training sessions) you know that Geoff Coulson is back at EC. However, only in a part-time role, to help with the transition and other projects relating to CANWARN. There will be an online course and possibly, other things in the future for those who can’t attend a session near them. Most importantly, there is a new voice  for CANWARN Ontario, in the shape of Gerald Cheng, whom I met at last years training session on May 5th. I have no problem with him, even if he had no clew about Weatheradio and most likely, other meteorologists probably don’t have any idea, that they are helping keep a service that their workplace provides us (for free) going and they are responsible for some of what we hear, going over a VHF radio.
Geoff is happy in retirement and as for any future CANWARN related standalone posts, I think I will be continuing to add them and edit any emails I receive with any updated schedules, as I see fit. I am excited to hear what Gerald is going to do, when I attend the session on Saturday and hopefully, he remembers me, in my red Weatheradio Canada jacket.
The Simpsons & Thunderstorms
Here is a large chunk of the post I had mentioned earlier, from my Simpsons related blog on The Simpsons and their encounters with thunderstorms. I realize I will be talking (mostly to the converted here) on what not to do during severe thunderstorms (or any thunderstorms) but I felt I should insert it here, in case someone wants to get on the news by doing something they shouldn’t, during a thunderstorm.
An example of this is when in the episode “Homer At The Bat”, Homer talks about how his “wonderbat’ came to be. According to Homer, It all started the year before during a terrible thunderstorm, when he locked himself out of the house. He decided to shelter himself with a large piece of sheet metal and ran for cover under the tallest tree he could find! A bolt of lightning struck the tree, and a branch fell down. This must have been a very special… magical… piece of wood that he could make a bat out of. This was the same bat, which was used to hit the winning Homerun, between the Springfield and Shelbyville nuclear plants.
With this and all other examples sited here, please don’t ever do that and when thunder roars, go in doors and stay inside for 30 minutes after the last lightning strike. Besides, if you can hear the thunder and you are outside during a baseball, socker or golfing, you are in the strike zone.
Another example of a thunderstorm which affected The Simpsons is during the episode Don’t Fear The Roofer, when Springfield becomes the target of a powerful thunderstorm and 742 Evergreen Terrace appears to be the main target and the thunderstorm itself causes a leak in the roof. Homer plans to use a “Hot Wheels” track to stop the leak but Lisa’s hamster goes down the chute and goes out the door via the mail slot and then Lisa has to open it to get her hamster and then he gets sick as he was the subject of Lisa’s show and tell project. The leak also affects Bart and Maggie and causes Snowball to fall in quicksand which was his litter box deluged by rain.
The outstanding part of this opening scene of the episode is when news anker Kent Brockman interviews Professor Frink and his explanation isn’t necessarily correct but it is funny, because it’s Professor Frink.
Kent Brockman:
“Kent Brockman here with “Storm watch 6″ Professor Frink, what is the scientific explanation for this unusually severe thunderstorm?”
Professor Frink:
“Well, Kent, we are exploring two theories of this quaint A: either we have a supercell of high pressure fronts or B: God is bowling. With the balls, and the pins and the rental shoes and the very bad cheese pizza that comes in squares.”
Kent Brockman:
“Fine! There you have it!”
To be fair, I did excise Krusty’s comments out of it because they had nothing to do with the thunderstorm or weather in general and more to do with celling his bad weather jokes to someone else.
In the episode “ThreeMen and a Commic Book” Bart, Milhouse and Martin are in a raging thunderstorm and a raging battle between each other, over a commic book. Bart attends a comic book convention and finds the first issue of Radioactive Man at The Android’s Dungeon sale table for $100. He doesn’t have enough money in his own allowance and his parents refusal to give him extra money, forces him to turn to Mrs. Glick, who has some rather unsavory chores around the house that he can do. However, all Bart gets is 50 cents for his hard work.
Bart returns to the comic book store and runs into Milhouse and Martin. They decide to pool their money in buying the first Radioactive Man Comic from Comic Book Guy. None of them want to let the comic book out of their sights and decide to spend the night together in Bart’s treehouse. As a storm approaches, Martin devises a plan so that the three boys have equal access to the comic. As he attempts to leave with the comic, Bart stops him. Bart gets progressively more paranoid and becomes convinced that the other two are conspiring against him.
Eventually, each boy is at each other’s throat. When Martin gets up in the middle of the night to use the bathroom, Bart thinks he plans on stealing the comic book and subsequently ties him up. Meanwhile a storm is raging outside. Milhouse falls out of the treehouse as a gust of wind takes hold of the comic so that it flies towards the entrance. Bart reaches out to grab Milhouse by the hand. He is forced to decide between Milhouse and the comic. After mulling over his options, Bart chooses Milhouse and pulls him up into the treehouse. The comic flies out the door, is zapped by lightning, and shredded by Santa’s Little Helper.
The next morning, the three boys reflect on how their inability to share lead to the destruction of the comic book. However, they never noticed that the final panel was not shredded and was peacefully being a nest mat for a mother bird.
What if this had happened in real life? I know I would have stayed inside, despite that I am a huge fan of whatever it is, going on during such a weather event. As someone who knows better than to be outside during a thunderstorm, if I was Homer or Marge, I would have made sure they were inside the house and not in the treehouse. Sure, a treehouse can provide shelter but, what about the lightning? Bart, Milhouse or Martin could have been struck or even killed by lightning and even the wind could have done damage to the treehouse itself. They are lucky that it wasn’t hailing, or a tornado hadn’t swept them away. They are also lucky that they are Real people and R of course, animated character is voiced by real people.
I decided to do this post because of this time of year, when the weather is warm and it can get nasty, dew to daytime heating or other factors, which could trigger either non-severe or severe thunderstorms, which could also lead to tornadoes. Thankfully, we have many ways to keep up with the weather and weather alerts such as: Weather Radio, weather applications, radio and TV, as well as alerts on our smart phones, when it is critical. For example: tornado warnings and Amber alerts sound on our smart phones and in some cases, on Weather Radio, obviously with weather watches and warnings opening up the receiver.
Hopefully, we have as little loss of life, because of this years severe weather and we all take weather alerts seriously, as I and others who know better certainly do. I hope we all stay weather safe and never take any beeps you hear on your TV or radio lightly.
As for SKYWARN training schedules, you can go to either of the following sites:
There are many links for you to look at on these sites. 🙂
SPOTTER REPORTING TIPS
How to Report
Amateur radio network (if applicable) – Amateur Radio Condition 
Condition Codes: Code Green – Severe Thunderstorm Watch
Code Yellow – Severe Thunderstorm Warning or Tornado Watch
Code Red – Tornado Warning
in Ontario by email at storm.ontario@ec.gc.ca
Twitter with hashtag #onstorm
If you are CANWARN trained you should give the following information to the weather office in order to help them ground truth: Your name, CANWARN ID, contact number, – Where – you are located and the approximate location of what you are reporting, – Describe what you are witnessing/what you witnessed, the time of occurrence of the event and duration, its movement (where the phenomenon came from and where it is going).
In the spring/summer severe weather season, please report the following:
Hail (use coins to describe its size…dime, nickel, quarter, loonie for larger hail…golf ball etc.), Heavy rain that has resulted in local flooding, Damaging winds (damage from tree branches down to more significant tree or structural damage), Large scale rotation in a thunderstorm such as: Wall Cloud – Funnel Cloud, Waterspout and Tornado, Dense fog – visibility less than 1 km
Note: if you are unsure of the rotation or presence of a wall cloud or funnel cloud…watch the area for a few minutes if it is safe to do so to verify the situation.
For the fall/winter, please report the following: Dense fog (visibility less than 1 km), Any occurrence of freezing rain or freezing drizzle, Heavily accumulating snow (2 or more cm/hr), Whiteout conditions in snow/blowing snow (visibility near zero), Rapid freezing of water on road surfaces.
For SKYWARN spotters, you should report: Tornadoes or funnel clouds (be very wary of look-alikes; watch for rotation)
waterspouts, Wall clouds, especially if they are rotating
Hail (Be specific with regard to size; however, YOU SHOULD NOT report MARBLE size)
Winds (40 mph or greater; specify whether they are estimated or recorded), large branches downed (specify the diameter of the branch), Trees/power lines downed, Structural damage to buildings such as roof, windows, etc.
Rainfall (1 inch or greater in an hour) (NOT a 1″/hr. rate for 10 minutes), 2 inches or greater storm total, Flooding — Streams/Rivers — also, when nearing bankful — Coastal — Street (Road Closures/Washouts, Cars Stuck due to flood waters. Minimum of 6″ of water covering an entire roadway or lane of a major route/highway).
For Winter Weather you should report: Precipitation type change (rain to sleet/freezing rain/snow, when the change has “taken hold”), Thunder when it is accompanied by snow, 1/4″ radial ice accretion (from twig outward; not circumference), New Snowfall from the First 2 inches; every 2-3 inches thereafter, 1 inch per hour or greater.
If it is less than 2 inches total, give the final total only Give final total: no partial reports please) Report any snow/sleet/freezing rain if not in NWS forecast.
Please consult your local Amateur Radio club or CANWARN or SKYWARN group for their: email address, Twitter account or Facebook pages.
Weather Nets On Ham Radio from Daryl Stout WX4QZ
a) VoIP Skywarn Hurricane Prep Net — Meets at 8pm Eastern, 7pm Central, 6pm Mountain, 5pm Pacific Time, on the *WX_TALK* Echolink Conference Server…Echolink Node 7203, and IRLP Node 9219. 
During the off-season hurricane months from December through May, the net meets on the FIRST SATURDAY of the month ONLY. During the Atlantic Hurricane Season, from June through November, the net meets WEEKLY, at 8pm Eastern, 7pm Central, 6pm Mountain, and 5pm Pacific Time. 
Also, note that on the first Saturday of December, the net is ONE HOUR EARLIER…at 7pm Eastern, 6pm Central, 5pm Mountain, and 5pm Pacific Time. This is so at the conclusion of Skywarn Recognition Day, stations don’t have to wait for the net to occur. 
Further details are at http://www.voipwx.net
b) Southeast US D-Star Weather Net — Meets at 9pm Eastern, 8pm Central, 7pm Mountain, and 6pm Pacific, every Sunday night, on Reflector 4, Port A. The net also meets on the Southeast US D-Star Weather Net Ratflector on D-Rats.
Lastly, stations can get a list of selected D-Star Nets during the week by sending an email to me at wx1der@gmail.com — and again, a list of selected Echolink Nets is at http://www.theweatherwonder.com/elk.htm
Daryl Stout, WX4QZ, Net Control
Southeast US D-Star Weather Net
Certified Skywarn Severe Storrrm Spotter
Where toPurchase Weather Radios
Weather Radios can be purchased at various electronics stores that specialize in radios and other equipment such as:
Universal Radio at http://www.universal-radio.com/,
Burnaby Radio at http://www.burnabyradio.com/,
Ambient Weather at http://www.ambientweather.com/, and many more retailers throughout North America.
Best Buy, which caters more to General  consumer Electronics such as, Smart phones, tablets, MP3 players etc. However, they also Carrie some Weather Radios, in both Canada and the US. http://www.bestbuy.com/ also in Canada http://m.bestbuy.ca/defaultpage.aspx?lang=en and if you want results from a search on Weather Radios, https://www.bestbuy.ca/en-CA/Search/SearchResults.aspx?query=Weather+radio
Or, the free iOS app Best Buy Canada by Best Buy Canada Ltd
If you want more information about the app, check The developer website for more information. http://www.bestbuy.ca/en-ca/bestbuyapps.aspx
When planning to purchase your first Weather Radio, it is highly recommended to look for the Public Alert identification logo.
Weather Information on the Internet
Suggested weather sites to visit as follows; In Canada the current websites url is http://www.weather.gc.ca 
Want to get your weather in the US? Go to http://www.nws.noaa.gov/
Weatheradio Canada webpage at http://www.ec.gc.ca/weatheradio
NOAA Weather Radio webpage at http://www.nws.noaa.gov/nwr.
DX Info Centre at http://www.dxinfocentre.com/, to hear what Weather Radio sounds like before buying your first receiver, visit YouTube at http://www.youtube.com/ or just use Google to watch or listen to Youtube video or audio.
The NOAA Weather Radio All Hazards Newsletter is published four times a year. There is some seasonal information to notify recipients of additional weather information available to them that they may not know about (most of which can be found on the NOAA Watch web site http://www.noaawatch.gov/ ). At this site you can also subscribe to various weather feeds. The rest of the newsletter remains relatively unchanged due to outreach requirements. The current newsletter is available at the Noaa Weather Radio website http://www.weather.gov/nwr/news.htm. At this time, there is no newsletter mailing list to subscribe.
If you have additional questions, please feel free to e-mail answers@noaa.gov, here is the link to the answers website; http://findanswers.noaa.gov/noaa.answers/consumer/search.asp.
Yahoo Weatheradio Chatgroup, at
NOAA and Weatheradio Canada group on Facebook,
Digital Atmosphere at http://www.weathergraphics.com/da/
WebEx
NWS Taunton Amateur Radio SKYWARN Station home page at http://www.wx1box.org
The Maritime Amateur (Ham Radio for Maritimers by Maritimers) http://www.maritimeamateur.ca
VoIP Hurricane Prep Net – Saturday 9pm Atlantic Time / http://www.voipwx.net/
Phil Chadwicks blog at philtheforecaster.blogspot.com
Weather or Weather Radio Apps
This is a growing list and it needs more results for future reference. If you have idea’s for weather or Weather Radio apps which should be put into future issues of the newsletter, send an email to the author at wxrnewsletter@gmail.com. Right now these are iPhone apps only, because that is all we have at the moment. Your help is needed to expand it.
Alertable by Public Emergency Alerting Services Inc
Note: for android users there is an android version of this app, which you can find on the Google Play store.
Weather Office Free by X2 Studios
This app provides weather and forecast information for both Canada and the US from Environment Canada and the National Weather Service respectively. In fact nearly all apps mentioned here provide information from one or both sources. There is a version you pay for but to me, it is the same as the free version.
NOAA Weather Radio by Christopher Coudriet
This app allows you to listen to NOAA Weather Radio and receive alerts for your county in the US. It would be nice if it also provided the same feature for Weatheradio Canada and Canadians too, as it provides some Canadian WXR’s as live streams.
The Weather Center by Midland Radio Corporation
This app provides access to Midland Radio via social media and also provides weather forecast information and much more.
Weather Radio by WDT by Weather Decision Technologies, Inc.
This app gives you NWS alerts and also pushes lightning alerts to your iPhone, when lightning is possibly detected in your local area or, in area’s you have selected.
TuneIn Radio – Stream Live Radio by TuneIn
This popular app allows you to listen to conventional, Internet and even some Weather Radio stations when and where available. you can even listen to podcasts of your favourite radio shows if you like and maybe even audiobooks, To help you pass the time in the monotony of a commute or while waiting in the waiting room for an appointment. 
WeatherCAN, Environment and Climate Change Canada’s new weather app is now available on Android and iOS. Check your store to download. Here is the iOS link.
WeatherCAN by Environment and Climate Change Canada App Store: https://itunes.apple.com/ca/app/id1334221563?mt=8

Google Play: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=ca.gc.ec.weather_app_android.ops 

Météo – Canadian Weather by North Bits Solutions Ltd.
This is another app designed for Canadians and is available in both english and french. It is similar to the Degrees Pro app and some of the others on this list. It is also free, despite that it offers in app purchases.
Atmosphérique Pro – Canadian Weather from EC by Quadrant Newmedia Corp.
Radar Eh – Canada radar & alerts app using Environment Canada radar data by Zhao Han
The official Weather Radio Listeners Newsletter Twitter Account
There are many reliable manufacturers and retailers of Weather Radios sold in Canada and the USA. Below is a list of the recommended models currently for sale. Note: This list of suggested weather radios is strictly for informational purposes, and not as an endorsement of any specific model or manufacturer.
Midland Radio Corporation http://www.Midlandradio.com WR-300, W-r100B, EH55VP, WR-120, HH54VP, HH54VP2, ER102, Er300, ER310, EH55VP, Nautico 3, WR-11 and WR-400 are all manufactured by Midland and sold in North America.
Oregon Scientific http://www2oregonscientific.com W-R601, W-R203 and W-R602 are currently sold in North America.
Uniden Corporation http://www.Uniden.com BC75XLT, BC95XLT, BC125AT, BC346XT, BCT15X, BCD996XT, Homepatrol, BC436HP, BC536HP and BCD396XT are currently sold in North America.
Sangean USA http://www.Sangean.com CL100, DT400,, DT500, MMR88, PR-D4W and PRD9W are manufactured by Sangean and currently sold in North America.
Reecom Electronics Inc
http://www.reecominc.com R-1630, R-1650, R-200 and R-500 are manufactured by Reecom and currently sold in North America.
Kaito Electronics Inc http://www.kaitousa.com/. KA500, KA101 and KA600 are currently sold in North America.
Alert Works http://www.alert-works.com/ Alert Works desktop model EAR-10 is currently sold in North America.
In Closing
If you have any comments or suggestions, or if you wish to submit an article, please email me at wxrnewsletter@gmail.com. You can also follow me on Twitter @WxrNewsletter. Also, check out The Weather Radio Listeners Newsletter on Facebook at https://www.facebook.com/groups/1854305558188610/
I would like to give special thanks to those who made contributions to this latest issue as follows:
Steve Potter, Keith Jones, Kory Jacobson,  Daryl Stout WX4QZ, Brian Rodgers, Bob Robichaud VE1MBR, Midland Radio Corporation, Malcolm Kendal VE3BGD, Jim Langille VE1JBL, Gregory Zwicker, Phil Chadwick and Marc Fitkin for their help and contributions to the newsletter, among others.
Sincerely, Gord The Old Reliable.VA3WXA.

SAME & 1050 Hz Tone Test Reports For April 2019

Hi folks. This is the April 2019 monthly post which contains the monthly reports for the SAME and 1050 HZ tone test alerts for Weatheradio Canada, as I have them. As for what to report, I think it is obvious what to report by now. Right?

Monthly SAME and 1050 HZ Tone Test Reports for April 2019

SAME and 1050 Hz tone test report for April 3rd 2019

St Catharines VAD320 (162.475 MHz) (RWT) 11:52 AM, (RMT) 11:57 AM, (1050 Hz tone) 11:59 AM EDT, Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (RWT) 11:54 AM, (RMT) 11:59 AM, (1050 TONE) 11:59 AM EST.

SAME Test report for April 10th 2019

St Catharines VAD320 (162.475 MHz) (RWT) 11:52 AM EST, Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (RWT) 11:54 AM EST.

SAME Test Report For April 17th 2019

St Catharines VAD320 (162.475 MHz) (RWT) 11:52 AM EST, Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (RWT) 11:54 AM EST.

SAME Test report for April 24th 2019

St Catharines VAD320 (162.475 MHz) (RWT) 11:52 AM EST, Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (RWT) 11:54 AM EST.

WeatherCAN

Good day,

It is our pleasure to announce that we have launched our new mobile app called WeatherCAN. The app responds to the evolving needs of Canadians to access reliable weather information directly at the tip of their fingers, wherever they are in Canada.

Available on Apple and Android smartphones, WeatherCAN draws its weather data and information directly from Environment and Climate Change Canada, the official source for Canadian weather alerts.

The first version of our app offers the following key features:

• Current conditions, hourly- and 7-day forecasts for over 10,000 locations in Canada.

• Push notifications for all weather alerts issued by Environment and Climate Change Canada for your location and saved locations.

• Weather information for your location (following you as you travel) as well as for saved locations anywhere in Canada.

• High-resolution radar animation on a zoomable map background.

• A message centre providing weather facts and climate information relevant to the current weather.

• Today and short-range forecast widget for quick, at-a-glance weather information.

• Accessible in English and French, and an in-app ability to switch between languages.

That was a rather lengthy excerpt of an email I received Yesterday from Environment and Climate Change Canada, only because of my involvement with CANWARN. This app has been anticipated by myself and others, since last summer and now that it’s here, I figured I would include it and talk about it. Not everyone has the time to listen through the Weatheradio Canada cycle, to hear what they want or need to know so, the alternative is this new mobile application. So far, it isn’t bad but as you will see, I think it needs some improvements. Other people are pining for an iPad version and a whole lot of other visual options (which is all fine and good) but in my review, I have touched on some basic and practical improvements which would serve to especially help those of us, who are CANWARN trained and are CANWARN net controllers. Here is what I have written and have edited, to make my points as clear as possible. I will explain a couple of the points I made below, after the review.

“Thank you for finally giving us your very own weather alert application. As someone who is a volunteer for Environment Canada I will certainly be using it. In particular for something like CANWARN or as a back-up to Weatheradio Canada, when it goes down.”

“One suggestion I do have for those of us (including myself) who will probably use it as a CANWARN net controller, would it be possible to add updated: statements, watches or warnings to the app? I appreciate having issued weather alerts pushed to my phone but I think we would be served even better, with updates on current warnings, watches or advisories too. It would be beneficial for CANWARN trained individuals and we could be better informed, as to any updates to current alerts. To alleviate the fear of over-notifying people who use the app, you can add an option for whether users wish to have updated or ended alerts pushed to their phones. If this is added, I will certainly use both options because of my previously mentioned involvement with CANWARN.”

“Also, are there plans to push marine related alerts to the app such as: squall watches or warnings? Since Weatheradio Canada doesn’t alert for those types of warnings, this would be the best place to have them pushed to our phones, whether we are on land or on the water. It would also be of great benefit to have a marine tab, in order to look at the latest forecast for the lake or river, within a location. For example: Lake Ontario would apply to all cities within the lake boundary and of course, could be divided into Western Lake Ontario or eastern Lake Ontario, depending on the location. As for the alerts, you could provide the same flexibility I suggested for public alerts.”

“Anyway, keep up the great work on the app so far and I hope this lasts for many years.”

Okay, you will notice that I had mentioned the possibility of over-notification and in the reply to my first review, there was a mention of a low tolerance for that. That is why I suggested having more options and control for us, so those of us who don’t wish to be alerted for every single update can turn the updates off. I feel that it would be good for everyone and if you don’t want your phone to ding when a new updated warning is issued, you should be able to control that function. Yes, there is EC Alert Me for those of us who are CANWARN trained but, it has had it’s own problems with late notifications and with those of us who use iPhones, we can’t necessarily control how timely the emails get to our inboxes, unless we have Wifi, which I don’t.

Also, I had mentioned marine and the fact that there is no “Marine Tab”. Not everyone has a marine radio or a scanner and Weatheradio does not alert listeners to marine watches and warnings with a tone. Yes, you can jump through hoops to get the marine forecasts but you won’t hear an alert for the nearest lake or river, near where you live. I hope that becomes a part of the app, so I could be alerted when a squall watch or warning or even special marine warnings are issued, when I don’t have my WX radio or VHF marine radio in my backpack. Also, because of how basic Weatheradio Canada currently is, we don’t hear the details, as to why one of the marine watches or warnings have been issued. Yes, there is VHF marine radio but not everyone has Channel 16 on all the time, like me.

Anyway, I like the app so far and I hope that we have most or all, of the modifications I’ve suggested added to it, before the summer severe weather season really gets going. I highly recommend it and the Météo application, to compliment each other, as there is some confusion as to where the closest weather observation station is. Also, WeatherCAN doesn’t always work in some spaces like Coffee shops, even when connected to Wi-Fi. However, it seems to be fixed and hopefully, more improvements are made to it, such as the ones I have mentioned above, along with the applications ability to follow us, when disconnecting and reconnecting to the internet. That has been a real bugaboo for myself and others, where we have to re-launch the app because it isn’t able to find us (the first time) after reconnecting to the internet. However, I’m sure that it is being worked on for a future update.

oh yeah, I should also include a link for those who don’t have it but may wish to download it. Right? Anyway, here they are, whether you have an iOS or android device.

App Store: https://itunes.apple.com/ca/app/id1334221563?mt=8
Google Play: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=ca.gc.ec.weather_app_android.ops 

CANWARN 2019 Notice 1

Hi all. This is the first notice for those who wish to attend a CANWARN training session this year and I am happy to finally bring it to you, here.

Folks, 2019 will mark a year of change for the CANWARN storm spotter program in Ontario. I retired last fall from Environment Canada but have returned this spring on a part-time basis to assist with the planning and some of the delivery of the training. Gerald Cheng and Peter Kimbell of Environment Canada will handle the majority of the sessions with me helping here and there. Resource pressures have demanded a stricter look at the number of training sessions that can be provided, resulting in a reduction of available sessions from previous years. Part of my duties during my part-time assignment this spring and summer will be to develop storm spotter training material that can be posted on-line and accessed at any time by interested parties. What form this material will take has not been determined yet and it is not likely it will be available by the end of this summer. However, we will keep you all posted as to the progress of this project and as material becomes available; you will be more than welcome to access it. For those of you who may not be able to attend a session this spring but want to refresh/reinforce your severe weather knowledge, the following websites will be helpful…

National Weather Service Spotter Guide: https://www.weather.gov/media/bis/Weather_Spotter_Field_Guide.pdf 

National Weather Service Spotter Glossary: https://www.weather.gov/oun/spotterglossary

Environment Canada Lightning Safety: 
https://www.canada.ca/en/environment-climate-change/services/lightning/safety.html

In addition, Environment Canada recently launched a weather app called WeatherCAN available for both Apple and Android devices. This app represents the most direct way to receive our various severe weather watches and warnings. The app can be found in the app store on your Apple or Android device. More information on the app can be found here…
https://www.canada.ca/en/environment-climate-change/services/weather-general-tools-resources/weathercan.html

My long association with the CANWARN program has provided me with many fond memories and some of the biggest highlights of my 35-year career. The devastating tornadoes that struck near Ottawa and into parts of Quebec last September were a stark reminder of why timely and credible reports of severe weather remain essential. My thanks again to all of you for your continued support of the program and your dedication in watching the sky and reporting severe weather to Environment Canada. 
Please find following the list of training venues. Each venue specifies the way to RSVP your intention to attend through either a registration web link or a contact email. Some venues only have limited space, so please sign up early if you intend to go. The session in Sudbury this year will not be a full CANWARN session but rather a 1-hour presentation on severe weather focused on marine activities. More information can be found below. Should there be other venues added in the coming weeks, this announcement will be updated accordingly.
 

April 25 – 7 PM – Dakota-Glenorchy Room, Halton Regional Centre, 1151 Bronte Road, Oakville RSVP at https://www.eventbrite.ca/e/canwarn-oakville-tickets-59771355734
April 30 – 6 PM – Holly Community Centre, 171 Mapleton Ave, Barrie RSVP at https://ca.apm.activecommunities.com/barrie/Activity_Search/34593
May 2 – 6:30 PM – Emergency Operations Centre, 275 Boler Road, London 
RSVP to Amy Leggate at
 aleggate@london.ca – space is limited
May 4 – 9 AM – Environment Canada Headquarters, 4905 Dufferin St., Toronto RSVP at https://www.eventbrite.ca/e/canwarn-toronto-tickets-59774506157
May 7 – 7 PM – RIM Park Waterloo, Forbes Room (2nd Floor), 2001 University Ave East, Waterloo, RSVP at https://www.eventbrite.ca/e/canwarn-waterloo-tickets-59845612839
May 8 – 7 PM – Niagara Region Council Chambers, 1815 Sir Isaac Brock Way, Thorold RSVP at https://niagaracanwarn.eventbrite.ca
May 14 – 7 PM – Essex Centre Sports Complex, 60 Fairview Avenue West, Essex RSVP at https://www.eventbrite.ca/e/canwarn-essex-county-tickets-59775334635
May 14 – 6:30 PM – Greenboro Community Centre, 363 Lorry Greenberg Dr. Ottawa RSVP at https://www.eventbrite.ca/e/canwarn-ottawa-tickets-59775547271 
May 28 7:30 PM – Spacecraft Brewery, 854 Notre Dame Avenue, Sudbury – (food and drink orders at 6:30, focus on marine severe weather)
RSVP at
 https://www.eventbrite.ca/e/summer-severe-weather-presentation-sudbury-tickets-59775965522

 

Regards,

 

Geoff Coulson

 

WarningPreparedness Meteorologist, Meteorological Service of Canada

Environmentand Climate Change Canada / Government of Canada

SAME & 1050 Hz Tone Test Reports for March 2019

Hi folks. This is the March 2019 monthly post which contains the monthly reports for the SAME and 1050 HZ tone test alerts for Weatheradio Canada, as I have them. As for what to report, I think it is obvious what to report by now. Right?

Monthly SAME and 1050 HZ Tone Test Reports for March 2019

SAME and 1050 Hz tone test report for March 6th 2019

St Catharines VAD320 (162.475 MHz) (RWT) 11:52 AM, (RMT) 11:57 AM, (1050 Hz tone) 11:59 AM EDT, Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (1050 TONE) 12:05 PM EDT.

SAME Test report for March 13th 2019

St Catharines VAD320 (162.475 MHz) (RWT) 11:52 AM EST, Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (RWT) 11:54 AM EST.

SAME Test Report For March 20th 2019

St Catharines VAD320 (162.475 MHz) (RWT) 11:52 AM EST, Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (RWT) 11:54 AM EST.

SAME Test report for March 27th 2019

St Catharines VAD320 (162.475 MHz) (RWT) 11:52 AM EST, Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (RWT) 12:53 PM EDT.

Thanks to Brian Rodgers for his reports from Halifax, when possible.