SAME & 1050 Hz Test Report for February 2019

Hi folks. This is the February 2019 monthly post which contains the monthly reports for the SAME and 1050 HZ tone test alerts for Weatheradio Canada, as I have them. As for what to report, all you have to do is report: the transmitter and its call sign and frequency, alert test and time. For example: Toronto XMJ225 (RWT) 11:54 AM local. You can send reports directly to me here in the comments or you can email me at wxrnewsletter@gmail.com. You can also contact me through the NOAA Weather Radio and Weatheradio Canada Facebook group to report as well. Of course, if you are my friend on Facebook or follow me on Twitter you can report using direct messages as well. Of course, you will also receive credit in the next post for your reports too.

Monthly SAME and 1050 HZ Tone Test Reports for February 2019

SAME and 1050 Hz tone test report for February 6th 2019

Halifax (XLK 473) (162.550 MHz.) (RWT) 11:51 AM AST. (RMT) 12:18 PM AST, St Catharines VAD320 (162.475 MHz) (RWT) 11:52 AM, (WMT) 11:57 AM, (1050 Hz tone) 11:59 AM EDT, Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (1050 TONE) 11:59 AM EDT.

SAME Test report for February 13th 2019

St Catharines VAD320 (162.475 MHz) (RWT) 11:52 AM EDT, Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) No test today.

SAME Test Report For February 20th 2019

St Catharines VAD320 (162.475 MHz) (RWT) 11:52 AM EDT, Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) No test today.

SAME Test report for February 27th 2019

St Catharines VAD320 (162.475 MHz) (RWT) 11:52 AM EDT, Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) no test today.

hanks to Brian Rodgers for his reports from Halifax, when possible.

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Weather Radio Listeners Newsletter Issue 29

Weather_RADIO_LISTENERS_NEWSLETTER_ISSUE_29_February_1_2019

http://www.canadianwiki.org/Weatheradio_Canada

Hello and welcome to the first issue of the newsletter for 2019. It is winter and from December to early January in Southern Ontario, it has been like a yo-yo, with temperatures going up and down with all sorts of weather coming at us. We’ve had some snow but also Thunderstorms. If you hear thunder and see lightning in the winter months, would you think that it is very odd? With the weather the way it is these days, anything is possible and thunderstorms are not out of the question.

A normal thunderstorm is usually associated with warmer weather and what comes from the sky is in the form of either: rain or hail. There is such a thing as thundersnow and freezing rain and sleet can also fall with thunder and lightning. Just ask Jim Cantore about thundersnow, or look for videos of him being jolted by it, while out in the field, reporting on a winter storm.

One obviously notable event for me in particular happened in January 1989 in Ontario, when thunderstorms rolled through Southern Ontario, with rain and freezing rain falling. In the case of the freezing rain, it was accompanied by thunder and lightning but there wasn’t any mention of a chance of a thunderstorm in the forecast. This I find is rather odd because of it being mentioned in warning statements issued when a warning was put out by the weather office.

There was aalso a very rare severe thunderstorm watch issued for parts of Southwestern Ontario and the surrounding Great Lakes. However, it was short lived but the sharp cold front that drove out the mild air that was present throughout the day slammed into Ontario, bringing winter-like temperatures back from the above freezing temps. I will be talking more about this event later on and I will have the complete forecasts and warnings/watches issued for the period in question.

Since early January, the weather has settled down somewhat and winter is upon us, with snow and all that wonderful ice and bitter cold winds. January has certainly ended on a quite frigid note, with bitterly cold windchills and rather strong winds, along with a mountain of snow on the ground. My dentist appointment had to be rescheduled because of the weather and thankfully, it wasn’t for anything major. I’m looking forward to March 20th, when it will be spring again and we can look forward to summer. Can’t you tell that I am already sick of winter? Actually I’ve been sick of it since November and can’t wait to say good riddance to it.

As for this issue, it has been composed on two iPhones, much like a couple others have been in the past. I have one of the newer models, without the eighth inch headphone jack and I certainly miss it. However, the speaker in the phone makes up for it’s loss but, I wish I didn’t have to get the new one. Unfortunately, another related device just decided to die on me, on January 2nd and because of space limitations for all of my iTunes purchases and other things I had acquired over the years, I had to get one of the newer phones. So far, it works great and of course, I can type and text as good as ever.

Anyway, I hope you enjoy this issue and the as mentioned article about the rare thunderstorm watch in January 1989. There have been more recent such odd events like that but I will compare them, with January 1989, when we get to it.

What’s New?

This is just an update on where we are at with the new voices on Weatheradio Canada. First of all, the new voices are still not on the network yet and secondly, the folks at Weatheradio Canada are still working on various aspects of the project before the launch. What I can tell you is that there will be a difference between the old and new, in how things may be configured. Let’s review all we know so far, about the old and let’s talk about what we know, about how things may sound on Weatheradio Canada, in the future. Things may be subject to change as from this newsletter but I have done my best, to compile what I think may happen when the new voices come online. This is from conversations with people from Weatheradio Canada, as well as my own thoughts, as to how things may end up sounding in the future.

First of all, the current software is called Avipad’s and has been around since 1994. It has two main voices, generating the data in both english and french, along with some human voices from Environment and Climate Change Canada, which I will get into more, later on. The voices are provided mainly by the StarCaster Speech-Tech, which provides the english speaking voice for things which don’t generally need a lot of quick updating. The ATIS frequencies in the VHF aircraft band are a prime example of this and just watch the video on Youtube, with the voice (himself) talking about the benefits of StarCaster, in regards to air-traffic controllers.

As far as the quality of the voices are concerned, they have been broadcasted on Weatheradio Canada using either dyal-up or FTP. We talked about the difference between the two, in the second issue and you can go to it for more on how they differ in both sound quality and speed of the data loading.

Also, the human voices which give the ID messages and other canned messages heard on Weatheradio Canada over the years. I have also talked about some of the voices we hear doing them in past issues too.

As for the new ones, we all know what they are, from Issue 27 and I’ve gone into as much detail as I could, about each voice. So, we can now preview some of what I have managed to find out, about how things are going to sound. So, let’s start with the voices themselves and which one will be broadcasting what, in either language. It is still being finalized but I have presented my own idea of which voice could do which, to make it sound interesting to listen to, as well as consistent.

My idea is that they could have Tom in English and Nicholas in French read out: the forecasts, public weather and any alerts which are issued. They could have Ava and Chantal giving us the marine forecasts, marine reports and maybe a mix of male and female voices giving us the station ID message, as well as the message for the weekly, monthly and or, 1050 Hz tone tests. There could also be a mix of male and female voices (in either language) doing the watchdog message or, have the old canned messages recorded by folks at ECCC, just for them. After all, these are stay-alive messages indicating that there is a problem with the network and NWR has human voices used for this function too. Right?

Anyway, they could have Tom and Nicolas do a message stating there are severe thunderstorms in the area, if they choose to preempt the broadcast, during severe thunderstorm or tornado warnings. Or, they could have Ava and Chantal do everything else that Tom and Nicolas don’t do, or switch it around, every 12 hours. I mention that because in the old days, people would start recording the various items in the broadcast cycle, at either 7:00 AM or 7:00 PM, depending on when they come in. For a while the rotation was from 8:00 AM to 8:00 PM and so on. So, to make things interesting, maybe they could switch the voices around every 12 hours, just to keep everyone on their toes… or not.

Now, we can get into how things are configured and may be configured, in the future. With the current Avipad’s system, everything is a series of bins, such as the weather roundup, marine forecasts, public forecasts, etc. With the new voices, everything will be in boxes, as cards. They’re programming the cards that go in the new boxes.. The test server is online and ready! However, there is something else which is a moving part of this project too and that is The product generator. The product generator’s job is to take all the various formats of weather information (alerts, observations, forecasts, buoys, and other sources) and transform them in a format the new voice boxes will read. There is also the production server, and the interface between current products and final form whichmay, or may not be complete. Also, the product generator may not be ready until some time this year. Also, add on both SAME and 1050 Hz tone, along with other plans for the new software. So, will the current configuration with the broadcast cycle change? Fore example: the public forecasts, hourly reports, marine forecasts and current marine reports? No, I haven’t forgotten watches, warnings and advisories before the public forecasts and they are there, when they are issued. This configuration of course accommodates both English and French and my guess is that it may not change. However, as I have mentioned in the past, there will be more options to add other things to some parts of the cycle. For example: adding in radar reports during the hourly round up and hopefully bringing back explanations as to why watches, warnings and advisories have been issued.

One plan is to have current time and date announcements on the network, as part of the station ID message. This will be of great benefit for a number of reasons. First of all, all current WX radios with or without SAME have a clock on them and some even have a calendar. So, having both time and date announcements from time to time is a big help to everyone. Plus, it’s saves all of us stress from having to look at the clock every so often, if you have a radio on and burbling away happily to itself. Also in my case, because I sleep with my WX radio on, I can just listen and when I hear the time, I know what time it is. However, I won’t just take it for granted, in case something could be going wrong on the network, which I would be oblivious to, unless I pay very close attention to anything repeating over and over again, including the current time. For example: if I hear that it’s 5:05 PM again and again, then it could be a sign that something is wrong and needs to be fixed, while it could be 5:45 PM, of the current day and year. Does that make any sense?

Another is to have both SAME and 1050 Hz tones inside a watch or warning alert, not unlike NWR, as well as the RMT. This was the case with the tests, which were done in April 2017 and people have been asking for it so, we may get it some time this year… maybe by June.

As for how everything else will sound, it’s hard to say but I can only speculate, from using the voices on the iPhone while having the EC website read out the weather information in the public text bulletins and other things. Judging from what I hear, I am looking forward to the new voices and I will not tell a lye, I wish that it was Ava and Chantal doing everything in every box. But, I know that won’t happen because it’s not about me. Besides, I can have them spit out the data to me, any time I want using my iPhone and even I would want it to sound intersting, instead of having only one voice in each language. That is the problem I have with the current Avipad’s and the current NWR system. The latter isn’t going to change, until an update to a New system occurs and it’s hard to say how long that will take, before the current systems lifespan ends. So, I am hoping for an interesting and hopefully kink free launch of the new software and the new voices, whenever they are sprung on us.

I nearly forgot about watchdog and how that may change, with the upgrade. We know that after 3 hours of no new data, the alert is sent out with a message about technical difficulties and if you’ve read the very first issue of the newsletter, the script is in there, when I discuss watchdog. With NWR, there is no such name for it other than an outage. However, a stay-alive message plays until the problem is fixed. Will Weatheradio Canada call it watchdog in the future? One possibility is that if something happens everything will just drop off until, the stay-alive message starts playing. I’m not even sure if the alert will be sent out before hand though. So, this may have an impact on this newsletter and I will have to change one of the segment names, as the name “Watchdog” may be dropped in favour of something else.

One more thing I have also found out, is that there will be no FTP or dial-up with the new voices. My guess is however the new voices sound is.. however they sound on your local WXR. I don’t have a problem with that and with my own experience with the new voices, I can easily compare them to how they will sound through a VHF radio to how They sound on my iPhone, either through the iPhone itself or through earbuds. The only thing is that what is coming through the transistor should be understandable, otherwise why have the voices? It’s just another reason to choose what is heard, very carefully before the launch.

THE WATCHDOG REPORT

If you hear anything that doesn’t sound right on your local Weather Radio transmitter, there are various ways to report a problem that depend on where you live. If you live in The United States, you can call 1-888-697-7263. You can email NOAA at nwroutage@noaa.gov, or on the web at www.nws.noaa.gov/nwr. If you live in Canada, you can call 1-877-789-7733. You can email the National Weatheradio Canada Team at ec.wxradio.ec@canada.ca. Also, you can report it on the NOAA Weather Radio Weatheradio Canada Facebook page and the Yahoo Weatheradio Chat Group. You will find the link to both the Facebook and the Yahoo group later in this issue and all issues of the newsletter. You can also email the author directly at wxrnewsletter@gmail.com and it will be passed on for you.

Note from the author:

I will only include items with a definitive time stamp on them, from start to finish. That is in affect the whole point of this report, to give as conclusively as possible, dates and times when outages have begun and ended. However, In the last issue, I have started putting in outages with unknown start and end times, as honourable mentions. However, I still would prefer definitive start and end times, for reference in other sources and websites.

On Monday November 12th at 6:15 AST, Nova Scotia XLK 473 went into watchdog, along with the rest of the Atlantic region and it all came back during the 8:00 hour, the next morning.

On Wednesday November 21st around 12:15 PM, all of Ontario went into watchdog. It came back around 12:40 PM, just in time for the RWT.

On January 1st 2019 St Catharines VAD 320 went into watchdog around 2:30 AM and came back around 7:00 AM on January 2nd. It must have been celebrating along with everyone else, at the end of 2018!

On January 7th 2019 at 5:40 PM, all of Ontario went into watchdog. This had occurred during an active weather day, with various warnings in effect, much like 30 years ago. It came back January 8 at around 7:33 AM, with no stale data.

On Wednesday, January 16 at 6:21 PM, the network in Ontario went into watchdog mode, for approximately seven minutes.

On Thursday January 17th at around 10:14 PM, all of Ontario had gone into watchdog and had been restored, some time during the overnight hours. As the author of the newsletter, I heard it send out the alert, as I had just got home from a meeting out of town. There were also watches and warnings in affect for Ontario at the time and thankfully, it hadn’t gone back into watchdog over the weekend. However, on Tuesday January 22nd at either 11:15 AM or 12:15 PM, Toronto XMJ 225 had gone back into watchdog mode. I’m not exactly sure, as I had returned from having lunch and I heard my VHF marine radio playing. Obviously, something had happened while I was out and I fired off an email and it was restored around 3:45 PM. The first thing I heard was the SAME alert with a freezing rain warning for a city in the listening area and shortly after it, the broadcast cycle kicked back in, like normal.

On Thursday January 24th at around 2:15 AM, all of Ontario had gone into watchdog… again. This was less than 48 hours after the Toronto only event had ended and it really wasn’t a surprise, as there was a new warning being issued as the last one ended. As for the latest one, all of Ontario was restored at 8:19. The plan afterwards was to have Toronto on dial-up for the rest of the week but, it somehow went back to FTP and on Friday January 25th it started repeating the ID message during the morning and it came back some time, during the afternoon. However, between 5:15 and 6:00 PM St Catharines VAD 320 went into watchdog and didn’t come back until Saturday afternoon.

During the January 24 to 26th period, both Winnipeg and Montreal had gone into watchdog or had simply broadcasted with an open carrier. It’s not known when everything was restored.

On Thursday January 31st at around 9:15 PM, all of Ontario had gone into watchdog and Toronto had done so, without any alerts sent out to WX radios. It was restored on February 1st, just before this issue of the newsletter was published.

THE CANWARN/SKYWARN REPORT

CANWARN (CANadian Weather Amateur Radio Network) is a volunteer organization of amateur radio operators who report severe weather and damage reports to Environment Canada when they see it. Weather reports from amateur radio operators help confirm on the ground what satellites and radars see in the atmosphere. The information gathered from CANWARN is also used to update and fine tune weather warnings, fill in gaps in current observing networks and is also valuable in forensic storm analysis. When Environment Canada issues severe weather watches or warnings, they may alert the CANWARN volunteer Net Controllers in the affected areas. The volunteer Net Controllers contact other CANWARN members on the amateur radio, tell them a watch or warning has been issued and ask them to report signs of approaching severe weather. In the US SKYWARN is the American counterpart to CANWARN in Canada and the purpose for it is exactly the same.

For this section of the newsletter, we will explore how different CANWARN and SKYWARN groups operate in their local region, from time to time. There may be some SKYWARN information from meteorologists in this issue and there will be some tips on how to report severe weather for both CANWARN and SKYWARN.

We may not agree with everything that is written here, but it is important to hear from others to see how different groups operate throughout North America.

In the past, I have included a message from Geoff Coulson, who was a warning preparedness meteorologist for Environment and Climate Change Canada, based out of Toronto and who also managed the CANWARN storm spotter program in the province of Ontario. He has since retired and since nobody else has decided to step up and do the annual message, I figured I should. Admittedly, I will be borrowing heavily from his last annual message (which did not appear in the newsletter) and I will add my own comments, when necessary. Geoff had been doing these messages since 2012 and hopefully, someone else at ECCC will take his place, both in his job title but also with composing a message, during the winter, to remind us all that CANWARN is coming.

Anyway, here is what I have managed to put together so, here goes.

CANWARN members are volunteers from all walks of life. Amateur radio operators comprise the core of the CANWARN program with other volunteers coming from all levels of government, emergency managers/responders and those with a passion for the weather. This of course, includes everyone who administrates various groups on Facebook which related in one way or another, to weather.

CANWARN volunteers watch the skies year-round for telltale signs of severe storms and relay significant information, in real-time, to the Storm Prediction Centre in Toronto. In the winter-time this can include reports of significant snowfall amounts, poor visibilities in fog or blowing snow and occurrences of freezing rain. In the spring and summer months, reports can be sent in on the appearance of funnel clouds or tornadoes or the occurrence of large hail, damaging winds or flooding rains. There are now over 7000 CANWARN volunteers in the province of Ontario and many of these volunteers have attended a training session in the last few years. CANWARN training sessions are held across the province in the April to June timeframe.  Training sessions are held during evenings and on weekends with the sessions lasting between 2 and 2.5 hours. There is no cost to attend a training session. The spring training schedule is normally released in either late March or, early April.

The explosion of the use of social media, like Twitter, Facebook and Instagram to report severe weather in recent years, have made some question the continuing importance of CANWARN. While the Weather Centre monitors social media closely, they are often required to do some checking before using social media reports. However, reports from identified CANWARN members are given more weight immediately. The forecasters realize that these reports are coming from people who understand the types of weather we want to hear about and they know they have received training in what to spot and report.

Many of you reading this newsletter that live in Ontario may already be a CANWARN member and, if so, I thank you for your participation. For those of you who aren’t a member but are interested in learning more about the program or who would like to be placed on the training notification distribution list, feel free to contact those of us who administrate the weather related FB groups, (if you are on Facebook) and we would be happy to direct you to information about CANWARN and of course, the training schedules will appear here as standalone posts, outside the newsletter timeline. As for how I and others who are currently on the email list will receive information about training schedules this year, we’ll just have to wait and see, because of the retirement of a significant person, who has always been very good to us.

30 Years Ago, This Happened

Weatheradio Canada and NWR have certainly changed in many ways, as has been noted a number of times here. But, if the following had happened now would the current Weatheradio Canada system handle it?

This took place during January 7 and 8 1989 and at first, the forecast for Southern Ontario was a rather bland mild spell, with a cold front and a vigourous low pressure system bringing colder air back in. However, things got interesting when something happened, to spark thunderstorms and let’s just say that things became really weird. Here are the details of what had happened and why. I will give you actual text from The public forecasts and watch and warning bulletins which were issued, to give context, as to how and why things just went totally bonkers.

January 1989 SVR WX Event

My thanks to Environment and Climate Change Canada for giving me the details of this unusual couple of days, almost 7 years ago and my thanks to Sylvain Boutot for helping me with obtaining this information, so I could read it again and remember all of what I heard back then too, on Weatheradio Canada as it was in 1989.

First of all, let’s talk about where I was at and how the world was. Well let’s see… George Herbert Walker Bush was about to be the next president of The United States, Bryan Mulroney was elected as prime minister of Canada for the second time, Def Leppard was still riding high with their hugely successful album Hysteria, The Berlin wall was a few months away from being taken down, there was no such thing as the internet as we know it now, we actually went out to buy things in stores, we payed with cash, Metallica was about to release their first music video, The Simpsons was months away from being a series and I was in school, going through one of my more difficult periods. The world was crazy back then, as it is now and so was the weather, at times. This is a perfect example of how things unfolded over the days, to become one of the strangest weather events of winter in Canada.

without further ado, here are the forecasts from that time, as they were issued back then and how regions were named and in some cases, clustered together. You will see what I mean as the forecasts and even the public watches and warnings from back then, show up.

Public Forecasts:

Forecasts issued for Southern Ontario for the period of January 7-8, 1989

FPCN11 CYYZ 070218

 

PART 1 OF 2

FORECASTS FOR SOUTHERN ONTARIO ISSUED BY THE ONTARIO WEATHER CENTRE

OF ENVIRONMENT CANADA AT 9.30 PM EST FRIDAY 06 JANUARY 1989

FOR TONIGHT SATURDAY AND SUNDAY.

THE NEXT SCHEDULED FORECAST WILL BE ISSUED AT 5.00 AM EST SATURDAY.

 

METRO TORONTO

HALTON-PEEL

WATERLOO-WELLINGTON-DUFFERIN.

TONIGHT..CLOUDY. ISOLATED FLURRIES NEAR LAKE ONTARIO. EAST WINDS

30 KM/H. TEMPERATURES STEADY NEAR MINUS 5 EXCEPT MINUS 1 IN

METRO TORONTO.

SATURDAY..MOSTLY CLOUDY AND MILD. SHOWERS DEVELOPING SATURDAY NIGHT.

SOUTHEAST WINDS 40 KM/H. HIGH NEAR PLUS 1 THEN REMAINING STEADY

OVERNIGHT.

SUNDAY..CLOUDY WITH SCATTERED SHOWERS ENDING. WINDY. TEMPERATURES

STEADY NEAR PLUS 1 OR FALLING SLOWLY DURING THE DAY.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 30 TONIGHT. 60 SATURDAY.

40 SUNDAY.

 

WINDSOR-ESSEX-KENT

SARNIA-LAMBTON

ELGIN

LONDON-MIDDLESEX-OXFORD.

TONIGHT..CLOUDY WITH FOG PATCHES. A MIXTURE OF INTERMITTENT WET SNOW

OR DRIZZLE. CHANCE OF FREEZING DRIZZLE. TEMPERATURES STEADY NEAR

MINUS 2.

SATURDAY..VARIABLE CLOUDINESS AND MILD. SHOWERS DEVELOPING IN THE

EVENING. SOUTH WINDS 30 KM/H. HIGH NEAR 3 THEN REMAINING STEADY

OVERNIGHT.

SUNDAY..MOSTLY CLOUDY. SCATTERED SHOWERS ENDING IN THE MORNING.

WINDY. TEMPERATURES FALLING TO MINUS 2 IN THE MORNING THEN REMAINING

STEADY DURING THE DAY.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 50 TONIGHT. 60 SATURDAY.

40 SUNDAY.

 

HAMILTON-WENTWORTH

BRANTFORD-HALDIMAND-NORFOLK

NIAGARA.

TONIGHT..CLOUDY WITH ISOLATED FLURRIES. EAST WINDS 30 KM/H.

TEMPERATURES STEADY NEAR MINUS 3.

SATURDAY..MAINLY CLOUDY AND MILD. SHOWERS DEVELOPING OVERNIGHT. SOUTH

WINDS 30 KM/H. HIGH NEAR PLUS 2 THEN REMAINING STEADY OVERNIGHT.

SUNDAY..CLOUDY WITH SCATTERED SHOWERS ENDING. WINDY. TEMPERATURES

STEADY NEAR PLUS 2 OR FALLING SLOWLY DURING THE DAY.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 30 TONIGHT. 60 SATURDAY.

40 SUNDAY.

 

HURON-BRUCE.

TONIGHT..CLOUDY WITH ISOLATED FLURRIES. CHANCE OF FREEZING DRIZZLE.

EAST WINDS 30 KM/H. TEMPERATURES STEADY NEAR MINUS 5.

SATURDAY..MAINLY CLOUDY AND MILD. SHOWERS DEVELOPING IN THE EVENING.

SOUTH WINDS 30 KM/H. HIGH NEAR PLUS 2 THEN REMAINING STEADY

OVERNIGHT.

SUNDAY..MOSTLY CLOUDY. SCATTERED SHOWERS OR WET FLURRIES.

TEMPERATURES FALLING TO MINUS 3 IN THE MORNING THEN REMAINING STEADY

DURING THE DAY.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 30 TONIGHT. 60 SATURDAY.

40 SUNDAY.

 

 

END PART 1 OF 2

FPCN11 CYYZ 070219

 

PART 2 OF 2

FORECASTS FOR SOUTHERN ONTARIO ISSUED BY THE ONTARIO WEATHER CENTRE

OF ENVIRONMENT CANADA AT 9.30 PM EST FRIDAY 06 JANUARY 1989

FOR TONIGHT SATURDAY AND SUNDAY.

THE NEXT SCHEDULED FORECAST WILL BE ISSUED AT 5.00 AM EST SATURDAY.

 

YORK-DURHAM

EASTERN LAKE ONTARIO COUNTIES

PETERBOROUGH AND THE KAWARTHAS

BARRIE-HURONIA.

TONIGHT..MAINLY CLOUDY. EAST WINDS 30 KM/H. TEMPERATURES REMAINING

STEADY NEAR MINUS 8.

SATURDAY..CLOUDY. EAST WINDS 40 KM/H. HIGH NEAR MINUS 2 THEN

REMAINING STEADY OVERNIGHT.

SUNDAY..CLOUDY WITH WET FLURRIES OR SHOWERS ENDING IN THE AFTERNOON.

HIGH NEAR PLUS 1 BUT TURNING COLDER IN THE AFTERNOON.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 20 TONIGHT. 20 SATURDAY.

60 SUNDAY.

 

PARRY SOUND-MUSKOKA.

TONIGHT..CLOUDY. EAST WINDS 30 KM/H. LOW NEAR MINUS 10.

SATURDAY..MAINLY CLOUDY. INTERMITTENT WET SNOW OR RAIN SATURDAY NIGHT

EAST WINDS 30 KM/H. HIGH NEAR MINUS 1 THEN REMAINING STEADY

OVERNIGHT.

SUNDAY..CLOUDY WITH WET FLURRIES. HIGH NEAR ZERO BUT TURNING MUCH

COLDER IN THE AFTERNOON.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 20 TONIGHT. 40 SATURDAY.

70 SUNDAY.

 

HALIBURTON

RENFREW

FRONTENAC-LANARK.

TONIGHT..CLOUDING OVER. LOW NEAR MINUS 17.

SATURDAY..MAINLY CLOUDY. INTERMITTENT SNOW DEVELOPING SATURDAY NIGHT.

EAST WINDS 30 KM/H. HIGH NEAR MINUS 6 THEN REMAINING STEADY

OVERNIGHT.

SUNDAY…CLOUDY. INTERMITTENT RAIN OR WET SNOW. HIGH NEAR MINUS 1 BUT

TURNING MUCH COLDER LATE IN THE DAY.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 20 TONIGHT. 60 SATURDAY.

60 SUNDAY.

 

END/SGF/NPB/D2R2/AJR

 

 

END PART 2 OF 2

FPCN11 CYYZ 070937

 

PART 1 OF 2

FORECASTS FOR SOUTHERN ONTARIO ISSUED BY THE ONTARIO WEATHER CENTRE

OF ENVIRONMENT CANADA AT 5.00 AM EST SATURDAY 07 JANUARY 1989

FOR TODAY TONIGHT AND SUNDAY.

THE NEXT SCHEDULED FORECAST WILL BE ISSUED AT 11.00 AM TODAY.

 

SYNOPSIS.

DRAB MILD WEATHER IS IN STORE FOR THE WEEKEND AS A MAJOR MIDWEST

STORM PUMPS AIR FROM THE AMERICAN SOUTH TOWARDS THE GREAT LAKES.

THIS DISTURBANCE WILL PASS NORTH OF THE REGIONS ON SUNDAY BRINGING

A SLIGHT DOWNWARD SHIFT IN TEMPERATURES AND A HINT OF BRIEF AFTERNOON

SUNSHINE. AT PRESENT THE RETURN OF A SIGNIFICANT COLD AIRMASS IS NOT

ANTICIPATED UNTIL AT LEAST THE MIDDLE OF NEXT WEEK.

 

SOUTH CENTRAL ONTARIO INCLUDING METRO TORONTO.

TODAY AND TONIGHT..MOSTLY CLOUDY AND MILD. SCATTERED SHOWERS TONIGHT.

EAST WINDS TO 30 KM/H BECOMING SOUTHEAST TO 40 KM/H THIS

AFTERNOON. HIGH TODAY NEAR PLUS 1 WITH TEMPERATURES REMAINING

STEADY OVERNIGHT.

SUNDAY..MOSTLY CLOUDY EXCEPT A FEW AFTERNOON SUNNY BREAKS.

SCATTERED SHOWERS ENDING IN THE MORNING. WINDS SHIFTING TO

WESTERLY SUNDAY MORNING GUSTING TO 40 KM/H. TEMPERATURES FALLING

SLOWLY TO NEAR ZERO.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 20 TODAY. 40 TONIGHT.

30 SUNDAY.

 

WINDSOR-ESSEX-KENT

SARNIA-LAMBTON.

TODAY..OVERCAST AND MILD. EXTENSIVE FOG LIFTING THIS AFTERNOON.

SHOWERS AND PATCHY DRIZZLE DEVELOPING THIS EVENING. EAST WINDS

TO 30 KM/H SHIFTING TO SOUTH THIS AFTERNOON. HIGH NEAR 3.

TONIGHT…CLOUDY. SHOWERS AND PATCHY DRIZZLE. TEMPERATURE STEADY

NEAR PLUS 3 OVERNIGHT.

SUNDAY..PARTIAL CLEARING. WESTERLY WINDS TO 50 KM/H. EARLY

MORNING TEMPERATURE NEAR PLUS 3 FALLING TO BECOME STEADY NEAR

ZERO BY MID-AFTERNOON.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 20 TODAY. 40 TONIGHT.

20 SUNDAY.

 

ELGIN

LONDON-MIDDLESEX-OXFORD.

TODAY AND TONIGHT..VARIABLE CLOUDINESS AND MILD. SHOWERS AND PATCHY

DRIZZLE DEVELOPING THIS EVENING. EAST WINDS TO 30 KM/H SHIFTING TO

SOUTH THIS AFTERNOON. HIGH NEAR 3 WITH TEMPERATURES REMAINING

STEADY OVERNIGHT.

SUNDAY..PARTIAL CLEARING EXCEPT TO THE LEE OF LAKE HURON. WESTERLY

WINDS TO 50 KM/H. EARLY MORNING TEMPERATURE NEAR PLUS 3 DROPPING

TO BECOME STEADY NEAR ZERO BY MID-AFTERNOON.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 20 TODAY. 40 TONIGHT.

20 SUNDAY.

 

BRANTFORD-HALDIMAND-NORFOLK

NIAGARA.

TODAY AND TONIGHT..MOSTLY CLOUDY AND MILD. SHOWERS AND PATCHY DRIZZLE

DEVELOPING OVERNIGHT. SOUTHEAST WINDS TO 40 KM/H BECOMING SOUTHERLY

TONIGHT. TEMPERATURES RISING TO PLUS 3 TODAY AND REMAINING STEADY

OVERNIGHT.

SUNDAY..CLOUDY IN THE MORNING WITH SCATTERED SHOWERS ENDING.

SUNNY BREAKS IN THE AFTERNOON. WINDS SHIFTING TO WEST AND GUSTING TO

40 KM/H. TEMPERATURES FALLING TO BECOME STEADY NEAR PLUS 1.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 20 TODAY. 40 TONIGHT.

30 SUNDAY.

 

 

END PART 1 OF 2

FPCN11 CYYZ 070938

 

PART 2 OF 2

FORECASTS FOR SOUTHERN ONTARIO ISSUED BY THE ONTARIO WEATHER CENTRE

OF ENVIRONMENT CANADA AT 5.00 AM EST SATURDAY 07 JANUARY 1989

FOR TODAY TONIGHT AND SUNDAY.

THE NEXT SCHEDULED FORECAST WILL BE ISSUED AT 11.00 AM TODAY.

 

HURON-BRUCE.

TODAY AND TONIGHT..CLOUDY AND MILD. SHOWERS AND PATCHY DRIZZLE

DEVELOPING THIS EVENING. EASTERLY WINDS TO 30 KM/H SHIFTING TO

SOUTHEAST. HIGH NEAR PLUS 1 THEN REMAINING STEADY OVERNIGHT.

SUNDAY..MOSTLY CLOUDY. SCATTERED SHOWERS OR WET FLURRIES.

TEMPERATURES FALLING TO MINUS 1 IN THE MORNING THEN REMAINING

STEADY DURING THE DAY.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 20 TODAY. 30 TONIGHT.

40 SUNDAY.

 

EASTERN LAKE ONTARIO COUNTIES

PETERBOROUGH AND THE KAWARTHAS

BARRIE-HURONIA.

TODAY..CLOUDY. SCATTERED FLURRIES NEAR LAKE ONTARIO. EAST WINDS

TO 40 KM/H. HIGH TODAY NEAR MINUS 2.

TONIGHT…CLOUDY. SCATTERED WET FLURRIES OVERNIGHT. EAST WINDS

TO 40 KM/H. TEMPERATURES RISING TO NEAR ZERO OVERNIGHT.

SUNDAY..MOSTLY CLOUDY WITH WET FLURRIES OR SHOWERS. WEST WINDS TO

40 KM/H DURING THE AFTERNOON. HIGH NEAR PLUS 1 BUT TURNING COLDER

IN THE AFTERNOON.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 10 TODAY. 30 TONIGHT.

40 SUNDAY.

 

PARRY SOUND-MUSKOKA.

TODAY AND TONIGHT..CLOUDY. WET SNOW TONIGHT WITH RISK OF FREEZING

RAIN. EAST WINDS TO 30 KM/H. HIGH NEAR MINUS 1 THEN REMAINING

STEADY OVERNIGHT.

SUNDAY..CLOUDY WITH WET FLURRIES. HIGH NEAR ZERO BUT FALLING TO

MINUS 1 IN THE SOUTH TO MINUS 6 IN THE NORTH DURING THE AFTERNOON.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 20 TODAY. 60 TONIGHT.

50 SUNDAY.

 

HALIBURTON

RENFREW

FRONTENAC-LANARK.

TODAY AND TONIGHT..CLOUDY. WET SNOW TONIGHT WITH RISK OF FREEZING

RAIN. EAST WINDS 30 KM/H. TEMPERATURE RISING SLOWLY TO BECOME STEADY

NEAR MINUS 3 TONIGHT.

SUNDAY…PERIODS OF SNOW. ACCUMULATIONS 2 TO 5 CM. HIGH NEAR MINUS 1

BUT TURNING COLDER LATE IN THE DAY.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 20 TODAY. 60 TONIGHT.

60 SUNDAY.

 

END/D2R2/AJR

 

 

END PART 2 OF 2

FPCN11 CYYZ 071315 AMD

REVISED FORECASTS FOR PORTIONS OF SOUTHERN ONTARIO ISSUED BY

THE ONTARIO WEATHER CENTRE OF ENVIRONMENT CANADA AT 7.48 AM EST

SATURDAY 07 JANUARY 1989 FOR TODAY AND SUNDAY.

THE NEXT SCHEDULED FORECAST WILL BE ISSUED AT 11.00 AM TODAY.

 

THE AREA OF FOG HAS SPREAD FURTHER EAST THAN PREVIOUSLY EXPECTED.

 

ELGIN

LONDON-MIDDLESEX-OXFORD.

TODAY..OVERCAST AND MILD. EXTENSIVE FOG LIFTING THIS AFTERNOON. EAST

WINDS TO 30 KM/H SHIFTING TO SOUTH THIS AFTERNOON. HIGH NEAR 3.

TONIGHT..MOSTLY CLOUDY AND MILD. SHOWERS AND PATCHY DRIZZLE

DEVELOPING THIS EVENING. SOUTH WINDS TO 30 KM/H. TEMPERATURE STEADY

NEAR PLUS 3 OVERNIGHT.

SUNDAY..PARTIAL CLEARING EXCEPT TO THE LEE OF LAKE HURON. WESTERLY

WINDS TO 50 KM/H. EARLY MORNING TEMPERATURE NEAR PLUS 3 DROPPING

TO BECOME STEADY NEAR ZERO BY MID-AFTERNOON.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 20 TODAY. 40 TONIGHT.

20 SUNDAY.

 

REMAINDER OF THE FORECASTS UNCHANGED.

 

END/SGF/NPB

FPCN11 CYYZ 071543

 

PART 1 OF 2

FORECASTS FOR SOUTHERN ONTARIO ISSUED BY THE ONTARIO WEATHER CENTRE

OF ENVIRONMENT CANADA AT 11.00 AM EST SATURDAY 07 JANUARY 1989

FOR TODAY AND SUNDAY.

THE NEXT SCHEDULED FORECAST WILL BE ISSUED AT 3.30 PM TODAY.

 

SOUTH CENTRAL ONTARIO INCLUDING METRO TORONTO.

TODAY AND TONIGHT..MOSTLY CLOUDY AND MILD. SCATTERED SHOWERS TONIGHT.

EAST WINDS TO 30 KM/H BECOMING SOUTHEAST TO 40 KM/H THIS AFTERNOON.

HIGH TODAY NEAR PLUS 1 WITH TEMPERATURES REMAINING STEADY OVERNIGHT.

SUNDAY..MOSTLY CLOUDY EXCEPT A FEW AFTERNOON SUNNY BREAKS. SCATTERED

SHOWERS ENDING IN THE MORNING. WINDS SHIFTING TO WEST SUNDAY MORNING

GUSTING TO 40 KM/H. TEMPERATURES FALLING SLOWLY TO NEAR ZERO.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 20 TODAY. 40 TONIGHT.

30 SUNDAY.

 

WINDSOR-ESSEX-KENT

SARNIA-LAMBTON

LONDON-MIDDLESEX-OXFORD

ELGIN.

TODAY..OVERCAST AND MILD. EXTENSIVE FOG LIFTING THIS AFTERNOON.

SHOWERS AND PATCHY DRIZZLE DEVELOPING THIS EVENING. SOUTHEAST WINDS

TO 30 KM/H BECOMING SOUTH THIS AFTERNOON. HIGH NEAR 3.

TONIGHT..CLOUDY. SHOWERS AND PATCHY DRIZZLE. SOUTH WINDS TO 30 KM/H.

TEMPERATURE STEADY NEAR PLUS 3 OVERNIGHT.

SUNDAY..PARTIAL CLEARING. WESTERLY WINDS TO 50 KM/H. TEMPERATURES

FALLING IN THE MORNING TO BECOME STEADY NEAR ZERO BY MID-AFTERNOON.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 20 TODAY. 40 TONIGHT.

20 SUNDAY.

 

BRANTFORD-HALDIMAND-NORFOLK

NIAGARA.

TODAY AND TONIGHT..CLOUDY AND MILD. SHOWERS AND PATCHY DRIZZLE

DEVELOPING OVERNIGHT. SOUTHEAST WINDS TO 40 KM/H BECOMING SOUTH

TONIGHT. HIGH TODAY NEAR 3 WITH TEMPERATURES REMAINING STEADY

OVERNIGHT.

SUNDAY..CLOUDY IN THE MORNING WITH SCATTERED SHOWERS ENDING.

SUNNY BREAKS IN THE AFTERNOON. WINDS SHIFTING TO WEST SUNDAY MORNING

GUSTING TO 40 KM/H. TEMPERATURES FALLING TO BECOME STEADY NEAR 1.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 20 TODAY. 40 TONIGHT.

30 SUNDAY.

 

HURON-BRUCE.

TODAY AND TONIGHT..CLOUDY AND MILD. SHOWERS AND PATCHY DRIZZLE

DEVELOPING THIS EVENING. SOUTHEAST WINDS TO 30 KM/H. HIGH NEAR PLUS

1 WITH TEMPERATURES REMAINING STEADY OVERNIGHT.

SUNDAY..MOSTLY CLOUDY. SCATTERED SHOWERS OR WET FLURRIES. WESTERLY

WINDS TO 50 KM/H. TEMPERATURES FALLING TO MINUS 1 IN THE MORNING

THEN REMAINING STEADY DURING THE DAY.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 20 TODAY. 30 TONIGHT.

40 SUNDAY.

 

EASTERN LAKE ONTARIO COUNTIES

PETERBOROUGH AND THE KAWARTHAS

BARRIE-HURONIA.

TODAY..CLOUDY. ISOLATED FLURRIES NEAR LAKE ONTARIO. EAST WINDS

TO 40 KM/H. HIGH TODAY NEAR MINUS 2.

TONIGHT..CLOUDY. SCATTERED WET FLURRIES DEVELOPING OVERNIGHT. EAST

WINDS TO 40 KM/H. TEMPERATURES RISING TO NEAR ZERO OVERNIGHT.

SUNDAY..MOSTLY CLOUDY WITH WET FLURRIES OR SHOWERS. WEST WINDS

GUSTING TO 40 KM/H DURING THE AFTERNOON. HIGH NEAR PLUS 1 BUT

TURNING COLDER IN THE AFTERNOON.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 20 TODAY. 30 TONIGHT.

40 SUNDAY.

 

 

END PART 1 OF 2

FPCN11 CYYZ 071544

 

PART 2 OF 2

FORECASTS FOR SOUTHERN ONTARIO ISSUED BY THE ONTARIO WEATHER CENTRE

OF ENVIRONMENT CANADA AT 11.00 AM EST SATURDAY 07 JANUARY 1989

FOR TODAY AND SUNDAY.

THE NEXT SCHEDULED FORECAST WILL BE ISSUED AT 3.30 PM TODAY.

 

PARRY SOUND-MUSKOKA.

TODAY AND TONIGHT..CLOUDY. WET SNOW TONIGHT WITH RISK OF FREEZING

RAIN. EAST WINDS TO 30 KM/H. HIGH NEAR MINUS 1 WITH TEMPERATURES

REMAINING STEADY OVERNIGHT.

SUNDAY..CLOUDY WITH WET FLURRIES. WINDY. HIGH NEAR ZERO. TURNING

COLDER IN THE AFTERNOON WITH TEMPERATURES FALLING TO MINUS 1 IN THE

SOUTH TO MINUS 6 IN THE NORTH.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 20 TODAY. 60 TONIGHT.

50 SUNDAY.

 

HALIBURTON

RENFREW

FRONTENAC-LANARK.

TODAY AND TONIGHT..CLOUDY. WET SNOW TONIGHT WITH RISK OF FREEZING

RAIN. EAST WINDS 30 KM/H. TEMPERATURES RISING SLOWLY TO BECOME

STEADY NEAR MINUS 3 TONIGHT.

SUNDAY…PERIODS OF SNOW. WINDY. ACCUMULATIONS 2 TO 5 CM. HIGH NEAR

MINUS 1 BUT TURNING COLDER LATE IN THE DAY.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 20 TODAY. 60 TONIGHT.

60 SUNDAY.

 

END/SGF/NPB

 

 

END PART 2 OF 2

FPCN11 CYYZ 071836 AMD

REVISED FORECASTS FOR PORTIONS OF SOUTHERN ONTARIO ISSUED BY

THE ONTARIO WEATHER CENTRE OF ENVIRONMENT CANADA AT 1.21 PM EST

SATURDAY 07 JANUARY 1989 FOR TODAY AND SUNDAY.

THE NEXT SCHEDULED FORECAST WILL BE ISSUED AT 3.30 PM TODAY.

 

SUNNY BREAKS HAVE DEVELOPED OVER THE EXTREME SOUTHWEST.

 

WINDSOR-ESSEX-KENT.

TODAY..VARIABLE CLOUDINESS. SHOWERS AND PATCHY DRIZZLE DEVELOPING

THIS EVENING. SOUTHEAST WINDS TO 30 KM/H. HIGH NEAR 3.

TONIGHT..CLOUDY. SHOWERS AND PATCHY DRIZZLE. SOUTH WINDS TO 30 KM/H.

TEMPERATURE STEADY NEAR PLUS 3 OVERNIGHT.

SUNDAY..PARTIAL CLEARING. WESTERLY WINDS TO 50 KM/H. TEMPERATURES

FALLING IN THE MORNING TO BECOME STEADY NEAR ZERO BY MID-AFTERNOON.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 40 TODAY. 60 TONIGHT.

20 SUNDAY.

 

REMAINDER OF THE FORECASTS UNCHANGED.

 

END/SGF/NPB

FPCN11 CYYZ 072028

 

PART 1 OF 2

FORECASTS FOR SOUTHERN ONTARIO ISSUED BY THE ONTARIO WEATHER CENTRE

OF ENVIRONMENT CANADA AT 3.30 PM EST SATURDAY 07 JANUARY 1989

FOR TONIGHT SUNDAY AND MONDAY.

THE NEXT SCHEDULED FORECAST WILL BE ISSUED AT 9.30 PM TONIGHT.

 

SYNOPSIS.

A VIGOROUS LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM CENTRED WEST OF CHICAGO IS MOVING

TOWARD NORTHERN ONTARIO. THIS LOW WILL ALSO CONTROL THE WEATHER OVER

THE SOUTHERN PART OF THE PROVINCE TONIGHT AND SUNDAY. IT IS PUMPING

MILD MOIST AIR OVER ALL REGIONS TONIGHT. TEMPERATURES WILL RISE

ABOVE FREEZING AS RAIN AND SHOWERS DEVELOP.. EXCEPT OVER THE EXTREME

NORTHERN AND EASTERN REGIONS WHERE FREEZING RAIN AND WET SNOW ARE

POSSIBLE. IN THE WAKE OF THIS DISTURBANCE ON SUNDAY BRISK WEST WINDS

AND FALLING TEMPERATURES WILL BE THE ORDER OF THE DAY. MORNING CLOUD

AND SHOWERS WILL GIVE WAY TO AFTERNOON SUNNY BREAKS IN A FEW AREAS.

 

SOUTH CENTRAL ONTARIO INCLUDING METRO TORONTO

NIAGARA

BRANTFORD-HALDIMAND-NORFOLK.

TONIGHT..MOSTLY CLOUDY AND MILD. SCATTERED SHOWERS DEVELOPING

OVERNIGHT. SOUTHEAST WINDS 30 KM/H BECOMING SOUTH OVERNIGHT.

TEMPERATURES RISING TO NEAR PLUS 4.

SUNDAY..MOSTLY CLOUDY EXCEPT A FEW AFTERNOON SUNNY BREAKS. SCATTERED

SHOWERS ENDING IN THE MORNING. WINDS SHIFTING TO WEST SUNDAY MORNING

GUSTING TO 40 KM/H. TEMPERATURES FALLING SLOWLY TO NEAR MINUS 3 LATE

IN THE DAY.

MONDAY..VARIABLE CLOUDINESS AND COLDER. SCATTERED FLURRIES NEAR LAKE

ERIE. MORNING LOW NEAR MINUS 10. HIGH NEAR MINUS 6.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 60 TONIGHT. 40 SUNDAY.

20 MONDAY.

 

WINDSOR-ESSEX-KENT

SARNIA-LAMBTON

LONDON-MIDDLESEX-OXFORD

ELGIN.

TONIGHT..MOSTLY CLOUDY AND MILD WITH SCATTERED SHOWERS DEVELOPING

THIS EVENING. FOG PATCHES REDEVELOPING. SOUTHEAST WINDS 30 KM/H

BECOMING SOUTH OVERNIGHT. TEMPERATURES RISING TO NEAR PLUS 6.

SUNDAY..VARIABLE CLOUDINESS WITH ISOLATED WET FLURRIES. WESTERLY

WINDS GUSTING TO 50 KM/H. TEMPERATURES FALLING SLOWLY TO NEAR

MINUS 4 LATE IN THE DAY.

MONDAY..MOSTLY CLOUDY WITH SCATTERED FLURRIES AND COLDER. MORNING LOW

NEAR MINUS 10. HIGH NEAR MINUS 6.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 60 TONIGHT. 20 SUNDAY.

40 MONDAY.

 

HURON-BRUCE.

TONIGHT..CLOUDY AND MILD. SHOWERS AND PATCHY DRIZZLE DEVELOPING THIS

EVENING. SOUTHEAST WINDS 30 KM/H. TEMPERATURES STEADY NEAR PLUS 3

SUNDAY..MOSTLY CLOUDY. SCATTERED SHOWERS OR WET FLURRIES. WESTERLY

WINDS GUSTING TO 50 KM/H. TEMPERATURES FALLING SLOWLY DURING THE DAY

TO NEAR MINUS 7.

MONDAY..CLOUDY WITH FLURRIES AND COLDER. MORNING LOW NEAR MINUS 12.

HIGH NEAR MINUS 7.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 70 TONIGHT. 40 SUNDAY.

60 MONDAY.

 

 

END PART 1 OF 2

FPCN11 CYYZ 072029

 

PART 2 OF 2

FORECASTS FOR SOUTHERN ONTARIO ISSUED BY THE ONTARIO WEATHER CENTRE

OF ENVIRONMENT CANADA AT 3.30 PM EST SATURDAY 07 JANUARY 1989

FOR TONIGHT SUNDAY AND MONDAY.

THE NEXT SCHEDULED FORECAST WILL BE ISSUED AT 9.30 PM TONIGHT.

 

EASTERN LAKE ONTARIO COUNTIES

PETERBOROUGH AND THE KAWARTHAS

BARRIE-HURONIA.

TONIGHT..CLOUDY. SCATTERED SHOWERS OR WET FLURRIES DEVELOPING OVER

NIGHT. SOUTHEAST WINDS 30 KM/H. TEMPERATURES RISING TO NEAR PLUS 3

OVERNIGHT.

SUNDAY..MOSTLY CLOUDY WITH WET FLURRIES OR SHOWERS. WINDS SHIFTING TO

WEST SUNDAY AFTERNOON GUSTING TO 40 KM/H. TEMPERATURES STEADY NEAR

PLUS 3 THEN FALLING SLOWLY TO NEAR MINUS 3 LATE IN THE DAY.

MONDAY..VARIABLE CLOUDINESS AND COLDER. MORNING LOW NEAR MINUS 12.

HIGH NEAR MINUS 7.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 60 TONIGHT. 70 SUNDAY.

20 MONDAY.

 

PARRY SOUND-MUSKOKA.

TONIGHT..CLOUDY WITH WET SNOW DEVELOPING. SNOW POSSIBLY MIXED WITH

RAIN OR FREEZING RAIN AFTER MIDNIGHT. SOUTHEAST WINDS 30 KM/H.

TEMPERATURES RISING TO NEAR ZERO.

SUNDAY..CLOUDY WITH WET FLURRIES. WINDS SHIFTING TO WEST SUNDAY

AFTERNOON GUSTING TO 40 KM/H. TEMPERATURES STEADY IN THE MORNING

THEN FALLING TO NEAR MINUS 7 LATE IN THE DAY.

MONDAY..CLOUDY WITH FLURRIES AND COLDER. MORNING LOW NEAR MINUS 17.

HIGH NEAR MINUS 10.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 70 TONIGHT. 70 SUNDAY.

60 MONDAY.

 

HALIBURTON

RENFREW

FRONTENAC-LANARK.

TONIGHT..CLOUDY WITH WET SNOW OR FREEZING RAIN DEVELOPING AFTER

MIDNIGHT. SOUTHEAST WINDS 30 KM/H. TEMPERATURES RISING SLOWLY

TO BECOME STEADY NEAR MINUS 1.

SUNDAY…PERIODS OF SNOW. WINDS SHIFTING TO WEST LATE SUNDAY

AFTERNOON GUSTING TO 40 KM/H. ACCUMULATIONS 2 TO 5 CM. TEMPERATURES

STEADY NEAR MINUS 1 BUT TURNING COLDER LATE IN THE DAY.

MONDAY..MOSTLY CLOUDY WITH SCATTERED FLURRIES AND COLDER. MORNING LOW

NEAR MINUS 19. HIGH NEAR MINUS 12.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 80 TONIGHT. 80 SUNDAY.

40 MONDAY.

 

END/SGF/NPB

 

 

END PART 2 OF 2

FPCN11 CYYZ 080015 AMD

REVISED FORECASTS FOR PORTIONS OF SOUTHERN ONTARIO ISSUED BY

THE ONTARIO WEATHER CENTRE OF ENVIRONMENT CANADA AT 6.57 PM

EST SATURDAY 07 JANUARY 1989 FOR TONIGHT SUNDAY AND MONDAY.

THE NEXT SCHEDULED FORECAST WILL BE ISSUED AT 9.30 PM TONIGHT.

 

A LINE OF THUNDERSTORMS HAS DEVELOPED WEST OF THE REGIONS AND

WILL AFFECT SOUTHWESTERN SECTIONS TONIGHT.

 

WINDSOR-ESSEX-KENT

SARNIA-LAMBTON

LONDON-MIDDLESEX-OXFORD

ELGIN.

TONIGHT..MOSTLY CLOUDY AND MILD. SHOWERS AND SCATTERED THUNDERSTORMS

DEVELOPING. FOG PATCHES. SOUTHEAST WINDS 30 KM/H BECOMING SOUTH

OVERNIGHT. TEMPERATURES RISING TO BECOME STEADY NEAR 7.

SUNDAY..VARIABLE CLOUDINESS WITH ISOLATED WET FLURRIES. WESTERLY

WINDS GUSTING TO 50 KM/H. TEMPERATURES FALLING SLOWLY TO NEAR

MINUS 4 LATE IN THE DAY.

MONDAY..MOSTLY CLOUDY WITH SCATTERED FLURRIES AND COLDER. MORNING LOW

NEAR MINUS 10. HIGH NEAR MINUS 6.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 80 TONIGHT. 20 SUNDAY.

40 MONDAY.

 

REMAINDER OF THE FORECASTS UNCHANGED.

 

END/SGF/NPB

FPCN11 CYYZ 080241

 

PART 1 OF 2

FORECASTS FOR SOUTHERN ONTARIO ISSUED BY THE ONTARIO WEATHER CENTRE

OF ENVIRONMENT CANADA AT 9.30 PM EST SATURDAY 07 JANUARY 1989

FOR TONIGHT SUNDAY AND MONDAY.

THE NEXT SCHEDULED FORECAST WILL BE ISSUED AT 5.00 AM EST SUNDAY.

 

SOUTH CENTRAL ONTARIO INCLUDING METRO TORONTO

NIAGARA

BRANTFORD-HALDIMAND-NORFOLK.

TONIGHT..SHOWERS AND SCATTERED THUNDERSTORMS DEVELOPING. LOCAL FOG

PATCHES. SOUTH TO SOUTHEAST WINDS TO 40 KM/H. MILD WITH TEMPERATURES

RISING TO NEAR PLUS 6.

SUNDAY..SCATTERED SHOWERS ENDING. A FEW SUNNY BREAKS DEVELOPING IN

THE AFTERNOON. WEST WINDS TO 40 KM/H. TEMPERATURES FALLING SLOWLY

TO NEAR MINUS 3 SUNDAY AFTERNOON.

MONDAY..VARIABLE CLOUDINESS AND COLDER. SCATTERED FLURRIES NEAR LAKE

ERIE. MORNING LOW NEAR MINUS 10. HIGH NEAR MINUS 6.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 100 TONIGHT. 40 SUNDAY.

20 MONDAY.

 

WINDSOR-ESSEX-KENT

SARNIA-LAMBTON

LONDON-MIDDLESEX-OXFORD

ELGIN.

TONIGHT..SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS. LOCAL FOG PATCHES. SOUTH

WINDS TO 40 KM/H. MILD WITH TEMPERATURES STEADY NEAR PLUS 8.

SUNDAY..VARIABLE CLOUDINESS WITH ISOLATED SHOWERS CHANGING TO

FLURRIES. WEST WINDS TO 50 KM/H. TEMPERATURES FALLING TO NEAR

MINUS 4 SUNDAY AFTERNOON.

MONDAY..MOSTLY CLOUDY WITH SCATTERED FLURRIES AND COLDER. MORNING LOW

NEAR MINUS 10. HIGH NEAR MINUS 6.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 100 TONIGHT. 20 SUNDAY.

40 MONDAY.

 

HURON-BRUCE.

TONIGHT..SHOWERS AND SCATTERED THUNDERSTORMS. SOUTHEAST WINDS TO

40 KM/H. MILD WITH TEMPERATURES STEADY NEAR PLUS 6.

SUNDAY..MOSTLY CLOUDY. SCATTERED SHOWERS OR WET FLURRIES. WEST

WINDS TO 50 KM/H. TEMPERATURES FALLING TO NEAR MINUS 7.

MONDAY..CLOUDY WITH FLURRIES AND COLDER. MORNING LOW NEAR MINUS 12.

HIGH NEAR MINUS 7.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 100 TONIGHT. 40 SUNDAY.

60 MONDAY.

 

EASTERN LAKE ONTARIO COUNTIES

PETERBOROUGH AND THE KAWARTHAS

BARRIE-HURONIA.

TONIGHT..SHOWERS DEVELOPING WITH CHANCE OF A THUNDERSTORM.

SOUTHEAST WINDS TO 30 KM/H. MILD WITH TEMPERATURES RISING TO PLUS 5.

SUNDAY..MOSTLY CLOUDY WITH SHOWERS CHANGING TO WET FLURRIES. WEST

WINDS TO 40 KM/H. TEMPERATURES STEADY NEAR PLUS 3 THEN FALLING

TO NEAR MINUS 3 SUNDAY AFTERNOON.

MONDAY..VARIABLE CLOUDINESS AND COLDER. MORNING LOW NEAR MINUS 12.

HIGH NEAR MINUS 7.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 90 TONIGHT. 70 SUNDAY.

20 MONDAY.

 

 

END PART 1 OF 2

FPCN11 CYYZ 080242

 

PART 2 OF 2

FORECASTS FOR SOUTHERN ONTARIO ISSUED BY THE ONTARIO WEATHER CENTRE

OF ENVIRONMENT CANADA AT 9.30 PM EST SATURDAY 07 JANUARY 1989

FOR TONIGHT SUNDAY AND MONDAY.

THE NEXT SCHEDULED FORECAST WILL BE ISSUED AT 5.00 AM EST SUNDAY.

 

PARRY SOUND-MUSKOKA.

FREEZING RAIN WARNING IN EFFECT FOR NORTHERN PORTIONS..

TONIGHT..CLOUDY. RAIN AND CHANCE OF A THUNDERSTORM. FREEZING RAIN

OVER NORTHEAST PORTION. SOUTHEAST WINDS TO 30 KM/H. TEMPERATURES

RISING TO PLUS 3.

SUNDAY..CLOUDY WITH WET FLURRIES. WEST WINDS TO 40 KM/H.

TEMPERATURES STEADY IN THE MORNING THEN FALLING TO NEAR MINUS 7

SUNDAY AFTERNOON.

MONDAY..CLOUDY WITH FLURRIES AND COLDER. MORNING LOW NEAR MINUS 17.

HIGH NEAR MINUS 10.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 100 TONIGHT. 70 SUNDAY.

60 MONDAY.

 

HALIBURTON

RENFREW

FRONTENAC-LANARK.

TONIGHT..FREEZING RAIN DEVELOPING THEN CHANGING TO RAIN IN SOME

LOCALITIES. SOUTHEAST WINDS TO 40 KM/H. TEMPERATURES RISING

TO BECOME NEAR ZERO.

SUNDAY…PERIODS OF SNOW. WINDS SHIFTING TO WEST LATE SUNDAY

AFTERNOON GUSTING TO 40 KM/H. ACCUMULATIONS 2 TO 5 CM. TEMPERATURES

STEADY NEAR MINUS 1 BUT TURNING COLDER LATE IN THE DAY.

MONDAY..MOSTLY CLOUDY WITH SCATTERED FLURRIES AND COLDER. MORNING LOW

NEAR MINUS 19. HIGH NEAR MINUS 12.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 80 TONIGHT. 90 SUNDAY.

40 MONDAY.

 

END/SGF/NPB/PW/JV

 

 

END PART 2 OF 2

FPCN11 CYYZ 080944

 

PART 1 OF 2

FORECASTS FOR SOUTHERN ONTARIO ISSUED BY THE ONTARIO WEATHER CENTRE

OF ENVIRONMENT CANADA AT 5.00 AM EST SUNDAY 08 JANUARY 1989

FOR TODAY AND MONDAY.

THE NEXT SCHEDULED FORECAST WILL BE ISSUED AT 11.00 AM TODAY.

 

SYNOPSIS.

BACK TO THE DEEP FREEZE. THE STORM THAT PRODUCED LIGHTNING HEAVY

RAIN FREEZING RAIN HAIL AND RECORD MILD TEMPERATURES LAST NIGHT WILL

BE FOLLOWED BY A STRONG OUTBREAK OF COLD AIR. A COLD FRONT WILL CROSS

THE REGIONS THIS MORNING CAUSING TEMPERATURES TO FALL THROUGH THE DAY

TO WELL BELOW FREEZING THIS EVENING. STRONG WINDS ASSOCIATED WITH THE

STORM WILL DIMINISH TONIGHT AS THE DISTURBANCE MOVES NORTHEASTWARD

INTO NORTHERN QUEBEC. FLURRIES WILL DEVELOP IN THE SNOW BELT TONIGHT

AND CONTINUE ON MONDAY TO REPLACE SOME OF THE SNOW MELTED BY LAST

NIGHTS RAINS AND MILD TEMPERATURES. MEANWHILE CLOUD WILL DOMINATE

MOST OTHER LOCALITIES EXCEPT THE SOUTHWEST WHERE THE SUN IS EXPECTED

TO BREAK THROUGH IN GREATER FORCE.

 

SOUTH CENTRAL ONTARIO INCLUDING METRO TORONTO

NIAGARA

BRANTFORD-HALDIMAND-NORFOLK.

TODAY..RAIN ENDING THIS MORNING THEN WINDY AND TURNING COLDER. SUNNY

BREAKS THIS AFTERNOON. WESTERLY WINDS 55 KM/H WITH GUSTS TO 80.

TEMPERATURES FALLING TO NEAR MINUS 5 BY THIS EVENING.

TONIGHT..VARIABLE CLOUDINESS WITH WINDS DIMINISHING. LOW NEAR

MINUS 12.

MONDAY..VARIABLE CLOUDINESS AND COLDER. HIGH NEAR MINUS 6.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 90 TODAY. 20 TONIGHT.

20 MONDAY.

 

WINDSOR-ESSEX-KENT

SARNIA-LAMBTON

LONDON-MIDDLESEX-OXFORD

ELGIN.

TODAY..PARTIAL CLEARING WINDY AND TURNING COLDER. WESTERLY WINDS

55 KM/H WITH GUSTS TO 80. TEMPERATURES FALLING TO NEAR MINUS 8 BY

THIS EVENING.

TONIGHT..A FEW CLOUDS WITH WINDS DIMINISHING. LOW NEAR MINUS 13.

MONDAY..A MIXTURE OF SUN AND CLOUD. COLDER WITH HIGH NEAR MINUS 7.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 20 TODAY. 10 TONIGHT.

20 MONDAY.

 

HURON-BRUCE

PARRY SOUND-MUSKOKA-HURONIA.

TODAY..SHOWERS ENDING THIS MORNING THEN WINDY AND TURNING COLDER.

SUNNY BREAKS THIS AFTERNOON. WESTERLY WINDS 55 KM/H WITH GUSTS TO

80. TEMPERATURES MORNING FALLING TO NEAR MINUS 8 BY THIS EVENING.

TONIGHT..CLOUDY WITH FLURRIES DEVELOPING. FLURRIES HEAVY AT TIMES

NEAR LAKE HURON AND GEORGIAN BAY. WINDS DIMINISHING. LOW NEAR MINUS

18 EXCEPT A FEW DEGREES WARMER NEAR THE LAKESHORES.

MONDAY..CLOUDY WITH SCATTERED FLURRIES AND COLDER. HIGH NEAR MINUS 9.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 70 TODAY. 70 TONIGHT.

60 MONDAY.

 

EASTERN LAKE ONTARIO COUNTIES

PETERBOROUGH AND THE KAWARTHAS.

TODAY..SHOWERS ENDING THIS MORNING. SUNNY BREAKS DEVELOPING THIS

AFTERNOON. WINDY AND TURNING COLDER. SOUTHERLY WINDS 55 KM/H

WITH GUSTS TO 80 BECOMING WESTERLY THIS MORNING. TEMPERATURES

FALLING TO NEAR MINUS 5 BY THIS EVENING.

TONIGHT..VARIABLE CLOUDINESS. WINDS DIMINISHING. LOW NEAR MINUS 13.

MONDAY..VARIABLE CLOUDINESS AND COLDER. HIGH NEAR MINUS 8.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 100 TODAY. 20 TONIGHT.

20 MONDAY.

 

 

END PART 1 OF 2

FPCN11 CYYZ 080945

 

PART 2 OF 2

FORECASTS FOR SOUTHERN ONTARIO ISSUED BY THE ONTARIO WEATHER CENTRE

OF ENVIRONMENT CANADA AT 5.00 AM EST SUNDAY 08 JANUARY 1989

FOR TODAY AND MONDAY.

THE NEXT SCHEDULED FORECAST WILL BE ISSUED AT 11.00 AM TODAY.

 

HALIBURTON

RENFREW

FRONTENAC-LANARK.

TODAY..RAIN WITH CHANCE OF FREEZING RAIN ENDING THIS MORNING. SUNNY

BREAKS THIS AFTERNOON. WINDY AND TURNING COLDER. SOUTHWEST WINDS 55

KM/H WITH GUSTS TO 80 BECOMING WESTERLY THIS MORNING. TEMPERATURES

FALLING TO NEAR MINUS 9 BY THIS EVENING.

TONIGHT..MOSTLY CLOUDY WITH SCATTERED FLURRIES. WINDS DIMINISHING.

LOW NEAR MINUS 19.

MONDAY..MOSTLY CLOUDY WITH SCATTERED MORNING FLURRIES. COLDER WITH

HIGH NEAR MINUS 10.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 100 TODAY. 40 TONIGHT.

40 MONDAY.

 

END/JHG/JV

 

 

END PART 2 OF 2

FPCN11 CYYZ 081537

FORECASTS FOR SOUTHERN ONTARIO ISSUED BY THE ONTARIO WEATHER CENTRE

OF ENVIRONMENT CANADA AT 11.00 AM EST SUNDAY 08 JANUARY 1989

FOR TODAY AND MONDAY.

THE NEXT SCHEDULED FORECAST WILL BE ISSUED AT 3.30 PM TODAY.

 

SOUTH CENTRAL ONTARIO INCLUDING METRO TORONTO

NIAGARA

BRANTFORD-HALDIMAND-NORFOLK.

TODAY..WINDY AND TURNING MUCH COLDER. SOUTHWEST WINDS GUSTING TO 80

KM/H. TEMPERATURES FALLING TO NEAR MINUS 5 BY THIS EVENING.

TONIGHT..VARIABLE CLOUDINESS WITH WINDS DIMINISHING. LOW NEAR

MINUS 12.

MONDAY..VARIABLE CLOUDINESS AND COLDER. HIGH NEAR MINUS 6.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 20 TODAY. 20 TONIGHT.

20 MONDAY.

 

WINDSOR-ESSEX-KENT

SARNIA-LAMBTON

LONDON-MIDDLESEX-OXFORD

ELGIN.

TODAY..WINDY AND TURNING MUCH COLDER. SOUTHWEST WINDS GUSTING TO

80 KM/H. TEMPERATURES FALLING TO NEAR MINUS 8 BY THIS EVENING.

TONIGHT..A FEW CLOUDS WITH WINDS DIMINISHING. LOW NEAR MINUS 15.

MONDAY..A MIXTURE OF SUN AND CLOUD. COLDER WITH HIGH NEAR MINUS 7.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 20 TODAY. 10 TONIGHT.

20 MONDAY.

 

HURON-BRUCE

PARRY SOUND-MUSKOKA-HURONIA.

TODAY..WINDY AND TURNING MUCH COLDER. SCATTERED FLURRIES DEVELOPING

THIS AFTERNOON. SOUTHWEST WINDS GUSTING TO 80 KM/H. TEMPERATURES

FALLING TO NEAR MINUS 8 BY THIS EVENING.

TONIGHT..CLOUDY WITH FLURRIES. FLURRIES HEAVY AT TIMES NEAR LAKE

HURON AND GEORGIAN BAY. WINDS DIMINISHING. LOW NEAR MINUS 15.

MONDAY..CLOUDY WITH SCATTERED FLURRIES AND COLDER. HIGH NEAR MINUS 9.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 40 TODAY. 80 TONIGHT.

60 MONDAY.

 

EASTERN LAKE ONTARIO COUNTIES

PETERBOROUGH AND THE KAWARTHAS.

TODAY..WINDY AND TURNING MUCH COLDER. SOUTHWEST WINDS GUSTING TO 80

KM/H. TEMPERATURES FALLING TO NEAR MINUS 5 BY THIS EVENING.

TONIGHT..VARIABLE CLOUDINESS. WINDS DIMINISHING. LOW NEAR MINUS 13.

MONDAY..VARIABLE CLOUDINESS AND COLDER. HIGH NEAR MINUS 8.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 20 TODAY. 20 TONIGHT.

20 MONDAY.

 

HALIBURTON

RENFREW

FRONTENAC-LANARK.

TODAY..WINDY AND TURNING MUCH COLDER. SOUTHWEST WINDS TO 80 KM/H.

TEMPERATURES FALLING TO NEAR MINUS 8 BY THIS EVENING.

TONIGHT..MOSTLY CLOUDY WITH SCATTERED FLURRIES. WINDS DIMINISHING.

LOW NEAR MINUS 19.

MONDAY..MOSTLY CLOUDY WITH SCATTERED MORNING FLURRIES. COLDER WITH

HIGH NEAR MINUS 10.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 20 TODAY. 40 TONIGHT.

40 MONDAY.

 

END/GMC/GW

FPCN11 CYYZ 081823 AMD

REVISED FORECASTS FOR PORTIONS OF SOUTHERN ONTARIO ISSUED BY

THE ONTARIO WEATHER CENTRE OF ENVIRONMENT CANADA AT 1.20 PM

EST SUNDAY 08 JANUARY 1989 FOR TODAY AND MONDAY.

THE NEXT SCHEDULED FORECAST WILL BE ISSUED AT 3.30 PM TODAY.

 

..FLURRY ACTIVITY TO THE LEE OF LAKE HURON IS REACHING THE

WATERLOO-WELLINGTON-DUFFERIN REGION. THEREFORE THE FORECAST IS

AMENDED TO READ..

 

WATERLOO-WELLINGTON-DUFFERIN.

TODAY..WINDY AND TURNING MUCH COLDER. FLURRIES. SOUTHWEST WINDS

GUSTING TO 80 KM/H. TEMPERATURES FALLING TO NEAR MINUS 5 BY THIS

EVENING.

TONIGHT..FLURRIES WITH WINDS DIMINISHING. LOW NEAR MINUS 12.

MONDAY..SCATTERED FLURRIES AND COLDER. HIGH NEAR MINUS 6.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 70 TODAY. 70 TONIGHT.

50 MONDAY.

 

..REMAINDER FORECAST UNCHANGED..

 

END/GMC/GW

FPCN11 CYYZ 082013

 

PART 1 OF 2

FORECASTS FOR SOUTHERN ONTARIO ISSUED BY THE ONTARIO WEATHER CENTRE

OF ENVIRONMENT CANADA AT 3.30 PM EST SUNDAY 08 JANUARY 1989

FOR TONIGHT MONDAY AND TUESDAY.

THE NEXT SCHEDULED FORECAST WILL BE ISSUED AT 9.30 PM TONIGHT.

 

SYNOPSIS.

A DRASTIC DROP IN THE MERCURY IS NOW OCCURRING OVER SOUTHERN

ONTARIO. ON SATURDAY SOME SOUTHERN ONTARIO LOCALITIES ENJOYED RECORD

MILD TEMPERATURES HOWEVER BY THIS EVENING TEMPERATURES WILL HAVE

DIPPED BY AS MUCH AS 20 DEGREES FROM THOSE RECORD MILD VALUES.

LOWS TONIGHT WILL BE IN THE MINUS 12 TO MINUS 15 RANGE AND IT WILL

FEEL EVEN COLDER DUE TO A BRISK WESTERLY WIND. FLURRY ACTIVITY WILL

OCCUR OVER MUCH OF THE REGION TONIGHT WITH SNOWSQUALLS PRESENT IN

LOCALITIES TO THE LEE OF LAKE HURON AND GEORGIAN BAY. FLURRIES WILL

PERSIST NEAR THE GREAT LAKES MONDAY WITH VARYING AMOUNTS OF CLOUD

AND SUN ELSEWHERE.

 

METRO TORONTO

HAMILTON-WENTWORTH

HALTON-PEEL

YORK-DURHAM.

TONIGHT..VARIABLE CLOUDINESS WITH SCATTERED FLURRIES. WINDS

DIMINISHING. MUCH COLDER WITH LOWS NEAR MINUS 12.

MONDAY..VARIABLE CLOUDINESS AND CONTINUING COLD. HIGHS NEAR

MINUS 5.

TUESDAY..SCATTERED FLURRIES. CONTINUING COLD WITH MORNING LOWS

NEAR MINUS 12 AND HIGHS NEAR MINUS 5.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 40 TONIGHT. 20 MONDAY.

40 TUESDAY.

 

WATERLOO-WELLINGTON-DUFFERIN.

TONIGHT..MOSTLY CLOUDY WITH FLURRIES. WINDS DIMINISHING. MUCH COLDER

WITH LOWS NEAR MINUS 14.

MONDAY AND TUESDAY..SCATTERED FLURRIES AND CONTINUING COLD. HIGHS

BOTH DAYS NEAR MINUS 7. MORNING LOWS TUESDAY NEAR MINUS 14.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 70 TONIGHT. 50 MONDAY.

40 TUESDAY.

 

SOUTHWESTERN ONTARIO

NIAGARA.

SCATTERED FLURRIES THIS EVENING. A FEW CLOUDS OVERNIGHT. WINDS

DIMINISHING. MUCH COLDER WITH LOWS MINUS 11 TO MINUS 14.

MONDAY..A MIXTURE OF SUN AND CLOUD. CONTINUING COLD WITH HIGHS MINUS

5 TO MINUS 7.

TUESDAY…SCATTERED FLURRIES. CONTINUING COLD WITH WITH MORNING LOWS

MINUS 11 TO MINUS 14 AND HIGHS NEAR MINUS 5.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 30 TONIGHT. 10 MONDAY.

40 TUESDAY.

 

HURON-BRUCE

PARRY SOUND-MUSKOKA-HURONIA.

TONIGHT..FLURRIES AND LOCAL SNOWSQUALLS. WINDS DIMINISHING. MUCH

COLDER WITH LOWS MINUS 11 TO MINUS 16.

MONDAY AND TUESDAY..FLURRIES AND CONTINUING COLD. HIGHS BOTH DAYS

MINUS 7 TO MINUS 10. MORNING LOWS TUESDAY MINUS 11 TO MINUS 16.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 90 TONIGHT. 70 MONDAY.

50 TUESDAY.

 

EASTERN LAKE ONTARIO COUNTIES.

TONIGHT..VARIABLE CLOUDINESS. WINDS DIMINISHING. MUCH COLDER WITH

LOWS NEAR MINUS 12.

MONDAY AND TUESDAY..VARIABLE CLOUDINESS. CONTINUING COLD WITH HIGHS

BOTH DAYS NEAR MINUS 6 AND MORNING LOW TUESDAY NEAR MINUS 12.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 20 TONIGHT. 10 MONDAY.

20 TUESDAY.

 

 

END PART 1 OF 2

FPCN11 CYYZ 082014

 

PART 2 OF 2

FORECASTS FOR SOUTHERN ONTARIO ISSUED BY THE ONTARIO WEATHER CENTRE

OF ENVIRONMENT CANADA AT 3.30 PM EST SUNDAY 08 JANUARY 1989

FOR TONIGHT MONDAY AND TUESDAY.

THE NEXT SCHEDULED FORECAST WILL BE ISSUED AT 9.30 PM TONIGHT.

 

HALIBURTON-KAWARTHAS-RENFREW.

TONIGHT..MOSTLY CLOUDY WITH SCATTERED FLURRIES. WINDS DIMINISHING.

MUCH COLDER WITH LOWS MINUS MINUS 15 TO MINUS 20.

MONDAY..MOSTLY CLOUDY WITH SCATTERED MORNING FLURRIES. CONTINUING

COLD WITH HIGHS NEAR MINUS 10.

TUESDAY…SCATTERED FLURRIES. CONTINUING COLD WITH MORNING LOWS

MINUS 15 TO MINUS 20 AND HIGHS MINUS 7 TO MINUS 10.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 60 TONIGHT. 40 MONDAY.

40 TUESDAY.

 

END/GMC/GW

 

 

END PART 2 OF 2

FPCN11 CYYZ 082215 AMD

REVISED FORECASTS FOR PORTIONS OF SOUTHERN ONTARIO ISSUED BY

THE ONTARIO WEATHER CENTRE OF ENVIRONMENT CANADA AT 5.05 PM

EST SUNDAY 08 JANUARY 1989 FOR TONIGHT MONDAY AND TUESDAY.

THE NEXT SCHEDULED FORECAST WILL BE ISSUED AT 9.30 PM TONIGHT.

 

..FLURRY ACTIVITY IS MORE WIDESPREAD THAN ORIGINALLY FORECAST.

THEREFORE THE FOLLOWING REGION IS REVISED TO READ..

 

EASTERN LAKE ONTARIO COUNTIES.

TONIGHT..VARIABLE CLOUDINESS WITH SCATTERED FLURRIES. WESTERLY

WINDS TO 80 KM/H DIMINISHING OVERNIGHT. MUCH COLDER WITH LOWS

NEAR MINUS 12.

MONDAY AND TUESDAY..VARIABLE CLOUDINESS. CONTINUING COLD WITH HIGHS

BOTH DAYS NEAR MINUS 6 AND MORNING LOW TUESDAY NEAR MINUS 12.

PROBABILITY OF PRECIPITATION IN PERCENT 40 TONIGHT. 10 MONDAY.

20 TUESDAY.

 

..REMAINDER FORECAST UNCHANGED..

 

END/GMC/GW

 

 

Page 1 of 15

Watches & Warnings

Note:

The watches and warnings are for both for inland and the lakes. However, I didn’t include the marine forecasts because they don’t really factor into how this event played out. Also, I have watches and warnings for all of Ontario, to give you an idea of how two different weather seasons came together in one. For Southern Ontario, you will see how things become unusual, during the evening of January 8th and go back to a normal wintery type forecast. There was no mention of thundersnow but thunder will be in the text provided in some of the warning bulletins.

Watches and Warnings issued for Southern Ontario for the period of January 7-8, 1989.  Note: the bulletins below include both the marine and weather warnings.

WWCN1 CYYZ 070753

BULLETIN

MARINE WARNING NUMBER M003

ENVIRONMENT CANADA. TORONTO. ONTARIO.

02.55 AM EST SATURDAY 07 JANUARY 1989

 

GALE WARNING ISSUED FOR THE WATERS OF…

 

LAKE HURON

GEORGIAN BAY

LAKE ERIE

LAKE ONTARIO

 

A DISTURBANCE MOVING FROM THE AMERICAN MIDWEST THROUGH THE SOO

IS EXPECTED TO PRODUCE SOUTHERLY GALES TONIGHT WHICH WILL VEER TO

WESTERLY OVERNIGHT AND SUNDAY.

 

THIS MESSAGE WILL BE UPDATED BY THE NEXT

REGULAR ISSUE OF THE MARINE FORECAST

 

OTHER MARINE WARNINGS STILL IN EFFECT…M002

 

END/D2R2

WWCN1 CYYZ 071538

BULLETIN

WEATHER WARNING NUMBER W001

ENVIRONMENT CANADA. TORONTO. ONTARIO.

10.25 AM EST SATURDAY 07 JANUARY 1989

 

HEAVY SNOWFALL WARNING ISSUED FOR THE REGIONS OF…

 

SUPERIOR NORTH AND EAST

GERALDTON

KAPUSKASING-HEARST

MOOSE RIVER

TIMMINS-COCHRANE.

 

AN INTENSE LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM OVER KANSAS WILL MOVE NORTHEASTWARD IN

THE NEXT 36 HOURS CROSSING NORTHERN ONTARIO SUNDAY MORNING. THE

CENTRE WILL CROSS SOUTHERN JAMES BAY SUNDAY NIGHT.

 

THIS SYSTEM WILL BRING 15 TO 20 CM OF SNOW TO MOST OF ABOVE NAMED

REGIONS BEGINNING IN GERALDTON THIS MORNING AND IN MOOSE RIVER THIS

EVENING. THE SNOW WILL CONTINUE THROUGH TONIGHT AND SUNDAY.

 

STRONG NORTHEAST WINDS LATE THIS AFTERNOON AND CONTINUING THROUGH

TONIGHT INTO SUNDAY MORNING WILL CAUSE WINDCHILL VALUES UP TO

1900 WATTS/ SQUARE METRE WHICH GIVES AN EQUIVALENT TEMPERATURE OF

MINUS 40. THE WINDS WILL ALSO CAUSE CONSIDERABLE BLOWING AND DRIFTING

SNOW IN OPEN AREAS REDUCING VISIBILITIES TO NEAR ZERO AT TIMES.

 

THIS MESSAGE WILL BE UPDATED OR CANCELLED BY 4.30 PM EST

 

OTHER WEATHER WATCHES/WARNINGS STILL IN EFFECT…

 

END/NPB

WWCN1 CYYZ 072111

BULLETIN

MARINE WARNING NUMBER M003

ENVIRONMENT CANADA. TORONTO. ONTARIO.

4.10 PM EST SATURDAY 07 JANUARY 1989

 

GALE WARNING UPDATED FOR THE WATERS OF..LAKE ONTARIO TO

INCLUDE THE ST LAWRENCE RIVER FROM KINGSTON TO GANANOQUE

 

A DISTURBANCE MOVING FROM JUST WEST OF LAKE MICHIGAN

IS EXPECTED TO PRODUCE SOUTHWESTERLY GALES 35 KNOTS SUNDAY

MORNING OVER THE ST LAWRENCE RIVER FROM KINGSTON TO GANANOQUE.

 

THIS MESSAGE WILL BE UPDATED BY THE NEXT

REGULAR ISSUE OF THE MARINE FORECAST

 

OTHER MARINE WARNINGS STILL IN EFFECT..M002

 

END/MB/NPB

WWCN1 CYYZ 072117

BULLETIN

WEATHER WARNING NUMBER W001

ENVIRONMENT CANADA. TORONTO. ONTARIO.

4.15 PM EST SATURDAY 07 JANUARY 1989

 

HEAVY SNOWFALL WARNING UPDATED FOR THE REGIONS OF…

 

SUPERIOR NORTH AND EAST

GERALDTON

KAPUSKASING-HEARST

MOOSE RIVER

TIMMINS-COCHRANE.

 

AN INTENSE LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM OVER SOUTHERN WISCONSIN WILL MOVE

RAPIDLY NORTHEASTWARD IN THE NEXT 30 HOURS. IT WILL MOVE ACROSS

NORTHERN ONTARIO SUNDAY TO LIE OVER JAMES BAY SUNDAY NIGHT.

 

THIS SYSTEM WILL BRING 15 TO 20 CM OF SNOW TO THE ABOVE NAMED

REGIONS WITH UP TO 25 CM POSSIBLE IN SOME LOCALITIES. THE SNOW HAS

ALREADY BEGUN IN MOST REGIONS AND WILL CONTINUE THROUGH TONIGHT AND

SUNDAY.

 

STRONG NORTHEAST WINDS DEVELOPING THIS EVENING AND OVERNIGHT WILL

CONTINUE SUNDAY. THESE WINDS WILL CAUSE WINDCHILL VALUES UP TO

1900 WATTS/SQUARE METRE WHICH GIVES AN EQUIVALENT TEMPERATURE OF

MINUS 40. THE WINDS WILL ALSO CAUSE CONSIDERABLE BLOWING AND

DRIFTING SNOW PRODUCING BLIZZARD CONDITIONS WITH VISIBILITIES NEAR

ZERO AT TIMES.

 

THIS MESSAGE WILL BE UPDATED OR CANCELLED BY 10.30 PM EST

 

OTHER WEATHER WATCHES/WARNINGS STILL IN EFFECT…

 

END/SGF/NPB

WWCN1 CYYZ 072205

BULLETIN

WEATHER WARNING NUMBER W001

ENVIRONMENT CANADA. TORONTO. ONTARIO.

5.00 PM EST SATURDAY 07 JANUARY 1989

 

HEAVY SNOWFALL WARNING UPGRADED TO BLIZZARD WARNING

FOR THE REGIONS OF…

 

SUPERIOR NORTH AND EAST

GERALDTON

KAPUSKASING-HEARST

MOOSE RIVER

TIMMINS-COCHRANE.

 

AN INTENSE LOW PRESSURE SYSTEM OVER SOUTHERN WISCONSIN WILL MOVE

RAPIDLY NORTHEASTWARD IN THE NEXT 30 HOURS. IT WILL MOVE ACROSS

NORTHERN ONTARIO SUNDAY TO LIE OVER JAMES BAY SUNDAY NIGHT.

 

THIS SYSTEM WILL BRING BLIZZARD CONDITIONS ALONG WITH 15 TO 20 CM OF

SNOW TO THE ABOVE NAMED REGIONS WITH UP TO 25 CM POSSIBLE IN SOME

LOCALITIES. THE SNOW HAS ALREADY BEGUN IN MOST REGIONS AND WILL

CONTINUE THROUGH TONIGHT AND SUNDAY.

 

STRONG NORTHEAST WINDS TO 60 KM/H DEVELOPING THIS EVENING AND

OVERNIGHT WILL CONTINUE SUNDAY. THESE WINDS WILL CAUSE WINDCHILL

VALUES UP TO 1900 WATTS/SQUARE METRE WHICH GIVES AN EQUIVALENT

TEMPERATURE OF MINUS 40. THE WINDS WILL ALSO CAUSE CONSIDERABLE

BLOWING AND DRIFTING SNOW PRODUCING BLIZZARD CONDITIONS WITH

VISIBILITIES NEAR ZERO AT TIMES.

 

THIS MESSAGE WILL BE UPDATED OR CANCELLED BY 11.00 PM EST

 

OTHER WEATHER WATCHES/WARNINGS STILL IN EFFECT…NONE

 

END/SGF/NPB

WWCN1 CYYZ 080124

BULLETIN

WEATHER WARNING NUMBER W002

ENVIRONMENT CANADA. TORONTO. ONTARIO.

8.15 PM EST SATURDAY 07 JANUARY 1989

 

FREEZING RAIN WARNING ISSUED FOR THE REGIONS OF…

 

ALGOMA-NICKEL BELT-NIPISSING

PARRY SOUND-MUSKOKA

 

FREEZING RAIN WILL CONTINUE THROUGH THIS EVENING.

THIS FREEZING RAIN MAY BE HEAVY AT TIMES AND COULD BE ACCOMPANIED

BY THUNDER AND LIGHTNING. SIGNIFICANT ACCUMULATIONS OF ICE ARE

LIKELY IN SOME LOCALITIES.

TEMPERATURES ARE EXPECTED TO GRADUALLY WORK THEIR WAY TO ABOVE

FREEZING VALUES IN ALGOMA AND PARRY SOUND-MUSKOKA REGIONS.

BUT OCCASIONAL FREEZING RAIN OR FREEZING DRIZZLE WILL PERSIST

INTO TONIGHT IN REGIONS FARTHER NORTH AND EAST

 

THIS MESSAGE WILL BE UPDATED OR CANCELLED BY 02.15 AM EST

 

OTHER WEATHER WATCHES/WARNINGS STILL IN EFFECT… W001 BLIZZARD

WARNING FOR MOST OF NORTHERN ONTARIO

 

END/JV

WWCN1 CYYZ 080224

BULLETIN

WEATHER WARNING NUMBER W003

ENVIRONMENT CANADA. TORONTO. ONTARIO.

9.15 PM EST SATURDAY 07 JANUARY 1989

 

WINTER STORM WARNING ISSUED FOR THE REGIONS OF…

 

SUPERIOR NORTH AND EAST

CHAPLEAU

TIMISKAMING

GERALDTON

KAPUSKASING-HEARST

TIMMINS-COCHRANE

MOOSE RIVER

 

..THIS MESSAGE REPLACES BLIZZARD WARNING W001 PREVIOUSLY IN EFFECT

FOR MUCH OF NORTHERN ONTARIO.

 

A INTENSE WINTER STORM CENTER LYING OVER NORTHERN WISCONSIN

THIS EVENING WILL CROSS NORTHERN ONTARIO IN THE NEXT 24 HOURS.

 

THIS STORM WILL DUMP 10 TO 20 CM OF SNOW THROUGH MOST OF THE ABOVE

REGIONS OVERNIGHT AND ON SUNDAY.

 

THE SNOW WILL BE BE MIXED WITH FREEZING RAIN OR FREEZING DRIZZLE

TONIGHT THROUGH THE REGIONS OF..SUPERIOR EAST..CHAPLEAU..TIMISKAMING.

TIMMINS-COCHRANE..KAPUSKASING HEARST..AND SOUTHERN PORTIONS OF MOOSE

RIVER.

 

THE SNOW WILL BE ACCOMPANIED BY NORTHEAST WINDS TO 60 KM/H AND

BITTERLY COLD TEMPERATURES THROUGH THE REGIONS OF..SUPERIOR NORTH

AND GERALDTON. THIS COLD AND WIND AND SNOW WILL COMBINE TO CAUSE

BLIZZARD CONDITIONS..WITH OCCASIONALLY NEAR ZERO VISIBILITIES

IN BLOWING SNOW..AND WITH WIND CHILL VALUES UP TO 1900 WATTS/SQUARE

METRE GIVING EQUIVALENT TEMPERATURES OF NEAR MINUS 40.

 

THE HEAVIEST SNOW AND FREEZING RAIN WILL MOVE NORTHEASTWARD AS THE

STORM CENTER MOVES INTO QUEBEC ON SUNDAY. BUT THEN THE STRONG WINDS

AND BLIZZARD CONDITIONS WILL ALSO MOVE EAST TO COVER ALL OF THE

ABOVE REGIONS BY SUNDAY AFTERNOON.

 

THE BLIZZARD-LIKE CONDITIONS WILL THEN GRADUALLY SUBSIDE ON SUNDAY

NIGHT.

 

THIS MESSAGE WILL BE UPDATED BY 04.30 AM EST

 

OTHER WEATHER WATCHES/WARNINGS STILL IN EFFECT…W002 FREEZING

RAIN WARNING FOR ALGOMA-NICKEL BELT-NIPISSING PARRY SOUND MUSKOKA.

 

NOTE THIS WARNING REPLACES BLIZZARD WARNING W001

 

END/JV

WWCN1 CYYZ 080231

BULLETIN

MARINE WARNING NUMBER M004

ENVIRONMENT CANADA. TORONTO. ONTARIO.

9.30 PM EST SATURDAY 07 JANUARY 1989

 

GALE WARNING ISSUED FOR THE WATERS OF…

LAKE ST CLAIR.

 

GALE FORCE WINDS ARE BEING PRODUCED BY A LARGE STORM CENTRED OVER

WISCONSIN WHICH WILL MOVE NORTHEASTWARD INTO NORTHERN QUEBEC BY

SUNDAY NIGHT. WINDS ARE CURRENTLY NEAR GALE FORCE SOUTHEASTERLY AND

WILL INCREASE AND VEER TO SOUTHWEST TONIGHT AND TO WEST SUNDAY.

 

THIS MESSAGE WILL BE UPDATED BY THE NEXT REGULAR ISSUE OF THE

MARINE FORECAST.

 

OTHER MARINE WARNINGS STILL IN EFFECT..M2 AND M3.

 

END/JHG/JV

WWCN1 CYYZ 080351

BULLETIN

SEVERE WEATHER WATCH NUMBER S001

ENVIRONMENT CANADA. TORONTO. ONTARIO.

10.50 PM EST SATURDAY 07 JANUARY 1989

 

IMMEDIATE BROADCAST REQUESTED..

 

SEVERE THUNDERSTORM WATCH ISSUED FOR THE REGIONS OF…

 

SOUTHWESTERN ONTARIO

HURON-PERTH

 

..AND THE ADJACENT WATERS OF..

 

LAKE ERIE

LAKE ST CLAIR

LAKE HURON

 

A SHARP COLD FRONT WILL CROSS THE ABOVE REGIONS OVERNIGHT.

THUNDERSTORMS POSSIBLY HEAVY AT TIMES ARE EXPECTED ALONG

THIS FRONT. THESE STORMS COULD PRODUCE WIND GUSTS IN EXCESS

OF 100 KM/H IN A FEW LOCALITIES. HAIL TO 5 CM IS ALSO POSSIBLE.

 

THIS IS AN ALERT TO THE POTENTIAL DEVELOPMENT OF SEVERE LOCAL

STORMS PRODUCING LARGE HAIL AND DAMAGING WINDS.

 

THIS WATCH IN EFFECT FROM 12.00 PM EST UNTIL 04.00 AM EST

 

OTHER SEVERE WEATHER WATCHES/WARNINGS STILL IN EFFECT…NONE

 

END/JV

WWCN1 CYYZ 080452

BULLETIN

WEATHER WARNING NUMBER W002

ENVIRONMENT CANADA. TORONTO. ONTARIO.

11.50 PM EST SATURDAY 07 JANUARY 1989

 

FREEZING RAIN WARNING ENDED FOR THE REGIONS OF…

 

PARRY SOUND-MUSKOKA

SAULT STE MARIE-ALGOMA

 

..FREEZING RAIN WARNING UPDATED FOR THE REGIONS OF…

 

SUDBURY-NICKEL BELT

NORTH BAY-NIPISSING

 

..FREEZING RAIN WARNING EXTENDED TO INCLUDE THE REGIONS OF..

 

HALIBURTON

RENFREW

FRONTENAC-LANARK

 

TEMPERATURES HAVE GENERALLY GONE TO JUST ABOVE FREEZING THROUGH

THE PARRY SOUND-MUSKOKA AND SAULT STE MARIE-ALGOMA REGIONS..THEREBY

ENDING THE THREAT OF FREEZING RAIN. SOME FREEZING RAIN IS STILL

POSSIBLE IN EXTREME NORTHERN SECTIONS OF THESE REGIONS.

 

FREEZING RAIN IS EXPECTED TO CONTINUE THROUGH THE SUDBURY-NICKEL

BELT AND NORTH BAY-NIPISSING REGIONS. IT COULD BE ACCOMPANIED BY

THUNDER AND LIGHTNING. SIGNIFICANT ACCUMULATIONS OF ICE ARE LIKELY.

IT WILL END OVERNIGHT AS TEMPERATURES RISE BRIEFLY TO JUST ABOVE

ZERO..IN ADVANCE OF A SHARP COLD FRONT FOR SUNDAY MORNING.

 

FREEZING RAIN WILL ALSO SPREAD INTO THE HALIBURTON..RENFREW AND

FRONTENAC-LANARK REGIONS OVERNIGHT. IT IS EXPECTED TO LAST FROM

2 TO 4 HOURS IN THESE REGIONS BEFORE TEMPERATUREES RISE TO ABOVE

ZERO.

 

THIS MESSAGE WILL BE UPDATED OR CANCELLED BY 05.50 AM EST

 

OTHER WEATHER WATCHES/WARNINGS STILL IN EFFECT…W003 WINTER STORM

WARNING FOR MOST OF NORTHERN ONTARIO

 

END/JV

WWCN1 CYYZ 080718

BULLETIN

SEVERE WEATHER WATCH NUMBER S001

ENVIRONMENT CANADA. TORONTO. ONTARIO.

02.15 AM EST SUNDAY 08 JANUARY 1989

 

SEVERE THUNDERSTORM WATCH ENDED FOR THE REGIONS OF…

 

SOUTHWESTERN ONTARIO

HURON-PERTH

 

..AND THE ADJACENT WATERS OF..

 

LAKE ERIE

LAKE ST CLAIR

LAKE HURON

 

WHILE THUNDERSTORMS ARE STILL LIKELY ALONG A COLD FRONT OVERNIGHT..

THEY ARE NO LONGER EXPECTED TO BE SEVERE. THUS THE WATCH IS ENDED.

 

THIS MESSAGE WILL NOT BE UPDATED

 

OTHER SEVERE WEATHER WATCHES/WARNINGS STILL IN EFFECT..NONE

 

END/JV

WWCN1 CYYZ 080937

BULLETIN

WEATHER WARNING NUMBER W002

ENVIRONMENT CANADA. TORONTO. ONTARIO.

04.30 AM EST SUNDAY 08 JANUARY 1989

 

FREEZING RAIN WARNING ENDED FOR THE REGIONS OF…

 

SUDBURY-NICKEL BELT

NORTH BAY-NIPISSING

HALIBURTON

RENFREW

FRONTENAC-LANARK

 

TEMPERATURES HAVE GENERALLY GONE TO JUST ABOVE FREEZING THROUGH

THE ABOVE REGIONS..ENDING THE THREAT OF FREEZING RAIN. THERE IS

STILL THE CHANCE OF A LITTLE MORE FREEZING RAIN IN THE OTTAWA

RIVER VALLEY EARLY THIS MORNING.

 

OTHER WESTHER WATCHES/WARNINGS STILL IN EFFECT..W003 WINTER STORM

WARNING FOR MOST OF NORTHERN ONTARIO.

 

END/JV

WWCN1 CYYZ 080953

BULLETIN

WEATHER WARNING NUMBER W003

ENVIRONMENT CANADA. TORONTO. ONTARIO.

4.30 PM EST SATURDAY 07 JANUARY 1989

 

WINTER STORM WARNING UPDATED FOR THE REGIONS OF…

 

SUPERIOR NORTH AND EAST

CHAPLEAU

TIMISKAMING

GERALDTON

KAPUSKASING-HEARST

TIMMINS-COCHRANE

MOOSE RIVER

 

THE CENTER OF AN INTENSE WINTER STORM IS NOW LYING OVER EASTERN

LAKE SUPERIOR. IT WILL MOVE NORTHEAST THROUGH NORTHERN ONTARIO TO

LIE JUST EAST OF JAMES BAY BY THIS EVENING.

 

SNOW HEAVY AT TIMES IS FALLING THROUGH THE..GERALDTON..SUPERIOR

NORTH..KAPUSKASING HEARST..AND MOOSE RIVER REGIONS. TOTAL

ACCUMULATIONS ARE EXPECTED TO REACH 15 TO 20 CM BY MIDNIGHT

TONIGHT. THIS SNOW IS ACCOMPANIED BY NORTHEAST WINDS TO 60 KM/H

AND BITTERLY COLD TEMPERATURES. THESE ARE COMBINING TO PRODUCE

NEAR-BLIZZARD CONDITIONS..WITH LOCALLY POOR VISIBILITIES IN BLOWING

SNOW..AND WITH WIND CHILL VALUES UP TO 1900 WATTS/SQUARE METRE GIVING

EQUIVALENT TEMPERATURES OF NEAR MINUS 40.

 

FARTHER EAST A MIXTURE OF SNOW AND FREEZING RAIN IS FALLING THROUGH

THE REGIONS OF..SUPERIOR EAST..CHAPLEAU..TIMISKAMING..AND TIMMINS-

COCHRANE. THE FREEZING RAIN WILL MOVE NORTHEAST WITH THE STORM

CENTER TODAY..BUT THEN THE BLIZZARD-LIKE CONDITIONS WILL ALSO

SPREAD INTO THESE AREAS..WITH INCREASING WINDS..SNOW AND BLOWING

SNOW..AND FALLING TEMPERATURES. TOTAL SNOWFALL ACCUMULATIONS

ARE EXPECTED TO REACH 10 TO 15 CM.

 

THESE BLIZZARD-LIKE CONDITIONS WILL THEN GRADUALLY SUBSIDE ON SUNDAY

NIGHT.

 

THIS MESSAGE WILL BE UPDATED BY 10.30 AM EST

 

OTHER WEATHER WATCHES/WARNINGS STILL IN EFFECT…NONE

 

END/JV

WWCN1 CYYZ 081135 COR

BULLETIN

WEATHER WARNING NUMBER W003

ENVIRONMENT CANADA. TORONTO. ONTARIO.

4.30 PM EST SUNDAY 08 JANUARY 1989

 

WINTER STORM WARNING UPDATED FOR THE REGIONS OF…

 

SUPERIOR NORTH AND EAST

CHAPLEAU

TIMISKAMING

GERALDTON

KAPUSKASING-HEARST

TIMMINS-COCHRANE

MOOSE RIVER

 

THE CENTER OF AN INTENSE WINTER STORM IS NOW LYING OVER EASTERN

LAKE SUPERIOR. IT WILL MOVE NORTHEAST THROUGH NORTHERN ONTARIO TO

LIE JUST EAST OF JAMES BAY BY THIS EVENING.

 

SNOW HEAVY AT TIMES IS FALLING THROUGH THE..GERALDTON..SUPERIOR

NORTH..KAPUSKASING HEARST..AND MOOSE RIVER REGIONS. TOTAL

ACCUMULATIONS ARE EXPECTED TO REACH 15 TO 20 CM BY MIDNIGHT

TONIGHT. THIS SNOW IS ACCOMPANIED BY NORTHEAST WINDS TO 60 KM/H

AND BITTERLY COLD TEMPERATURES. THESE ARE COMBINING TO PRODUCE

NEAR-BLIZZARD CONDITIONS..WITH LOCALLY POOR VISIBILITIES IN BLOWING

SNOW..AND WITH WIND CHILL VALUES UP TO 1900 WATTS/SQUARE METRE GIVING

EQUIVALENT TEMPERATURES OF NEAR MINUS 40.

 

FARTHER EAST A MIXTURE OF SNOW AND FREEZING RAIN IS FALLING THROUGH

THE REGIONS OF..SUPERIOR EAST..CHAPLEAU..TIMISKAMING..AND TIMMINS-

COCHRANE. THE FREEZING RAIN WILL MOVE NORTHEAST WITH THE STORM

CENTER TODAY..BUT THEN THE BLIZZARD-LIKE CONDITIONS WILL ALSO

SPREAD INTO THESE AREAS..WITH INCREASING WINDS..SNOW AND BLOWING

SNOW..AND FALLING TEMPERATURES. TOTAL SNOWFALL ACCUMULATIONS

ARE EXPECTED TO REACH 10 TO 15 CM.

 

THESE BLIZZARD-LIKE CONDITIONS WILL THEN GRADUALLY SUBSIDE ON SUNDAY

NIGHT.

 

THIS MESSAGE WILL BE UPDATED BY 10.30 AM EST

 

OTHER WEATHER WATCHES/WARNINGS STILL IN EFFECT…NONE

 

END/JV

WWCN1 CYYZ 081137 COR

BULLETIN

WEATHER WARNING NUMBER W003

ENVIRONMENT CANADA. TORONTO. ONTARIO.

4.30 AM EST SUNDAY 08 JANUARY 1989

 

WINTER STORM WARNING UPDATED FOR THE REGIONS OF…

 

SUPERIOR NORTH AND EAST

CHAPLEAU

TIMISKAMING

GERALDTON

KAPUSKASING-HEARST

TIMMINS-COCHRANE

MOOSE RIVER

 

THE CENTER OF AN INTENSE WINTER STORM IS NOW LYING OVER EASTERN

LAKE SUPERIOR. IT WILL MOVE NORTHEAST THROUGH NORTHERN ONTARIO TO

LIE JUST EAST OF JAMES BAY BY THIS EVENING.

 

SNOW HEAVY AT TIMES IS FALLING THROUGH THE..GERALDTON..SUPERIOR

NORTH..KAPUSKASING HEARST..AND MOOSE RIVER REGIONS. TOTAL

ACCUMULATIONS ARE EXPECTED TO REACH 15 TO 20 CM BY MIDNIGHT

TONIGHT. THIS SNOW IS ACCOMPANIED BY NORTHEAST WINDS TO 60 KM/H

AND BITTERLY COLD TEMPERATURES. THESE ARE COMBINING TO PRODUCE

NEAR-BLIZZARD CONDITIONS..WITH LOCALLY POOR VISIBILITIES IN BLOWING

SNOW..AND WITH WIND CHILL VALUES UP TO 1900 WATTS/SQUARE METRE GIVING

EQUIVALENT TEMPERATURES OF NEAR MINUS 40.

 

FARTHER EAST A MIXTURE OF SNOW AND FREEZING RAIN IS FALLING THROUGH

THE REGIONS OF..SUPERIOR EAST..CHAPLEAU..TIMISKAMING..AND TIMMINS-

COCHRANE. THE FREEZING RAIN WILL MOVE NORTHEAST WITH THE STORM

CENTER TODAY..BUT THEN THE BLIZZARD-LIKE CONDITIONS WILL ALSO

SPREAD INTO THESE AREAS..WITH INCREASING WINDS..SNOW AND BLOWING

SNOW..AND FALLING TEMPERATURES. TOTAL SNOWFALL ACCUMULATIONS

ARE EXPECTED TO REACH 10 TO 15 CM.

 

THESE BLIZZARD-LIKE CONDITIONS WILL THEN GRADUALLY SUBSIDE ON SUNDAY

NIGHT.

 

THIS MESSAGE WILL BE UPDATED BY 10.30 AM EST

 

OTHER WEATHER WATCHES/WARNINGS STILL IN EFFECT…NONE

 

END/JV

WWCN1 CYYZ 081321

BULLETIN

MARINE WARNING NUMBER M003

ENVIRONMENT CANADA. TORONTO. ONTARIO.

08.15 AM EST SUNDAY 08 JANUARY 1989

 

GALE WARNING UPGRADED TO STORM WARNING

FOR THE WATERS OF..LAKE HURON AND GEORGIAN BAY.

 

AN INTENSIFYING DISTURBANCE JUST SOUTH OF JAMES BAY WILL CONTINUE

TO MOVE NORTHEASTWARD. AS A RESULT WESTERLY GALES

WILL INTENSIFY TO STORM FORCE WINDS 45 TO 50 KNOTS OVER LAKE

HURON AND GEORGIAN BAY THIS MORNING. WINDS ARE EXPECTED TO

DIMINISH TO GALES IN THE AFTERNOON.

 

THIS MESSAGE WILL BE UPDATED BY THE NEXT

REGULAR ISSUE OF THE MARINE FORECAST

 

OTHER MARINE WARNINGS STILL IN EFFECT..M2 M4

 

END/MB/GW

WWCN1 CYYZ 081553

BULLETIN

CANCELLATION OF WEATHER WARNING NUMBER W003

ENVIRONMENT CANADA. TORONTO. ONTARIO.

10.35 AM EST SUNDAY 08 JANUARY 1989

 

WINTER STORM WARNING DOWNGRADED TO ADVISORY FOR THE REGIONS OF…

 

SUPERIOR NORTH AND EAST

CHAPLEAU

TIMISKAMING

GERALDTON

KAPUSKASING-HEARST

TIMMINS-COCHRANE

MOOSE RIVER

 

AND ADVISORY ISSUED FOR THE REGIONS OF…

 

POSSIBLE

INCOMPLETE

MESSAGE

 

WWCN1 CYYZ 081554

BULLETIN

CANCELLATION OF WEATHER WARNING NUMBER W003

ENVIRONMENT CANADA. TORONTO. ONTARIO.

10.35 AM EST SUNDAY 08 JANUARY 1989

 

WINTER STORM WARNING DOWNGRADED TO ADVISORY FOR THE REGIONS OF…

 

SUPERIOR NORTH AND EAST

CHAPLEAU

TIMISKAMING

GERALDTON

KAPUSKASING-HEARST

TIMMINS-COCHRANE

MOOSE RIVER

 

AND ADVISORY ISSUED FOR THE REGIONS OF…

 

ALGOMA-NICKEL BELT-NIPISSING

 

THE CENTER OF AN INTENSE WINTER STORM HAS NOW MOVED INTO QUEBEC

AND THE WINTER STORM WARNING IS DOWNGRADED TO AN ADVISORY. UP TO 30

CENTIMETRES OF SNOW WAS DUMPED ON REGIONS NORTHEAST OF LAKE SUPERIOR

OVER THE LAST 24 HOURS. AS THE STORMY WEATHER WINDS DOWN TODAY

ANOTHER 4 TO 8 CENTIMETRES OF SNOW IS FORECAST IN THESE REGIONS.

THE TAIL END OF THE STORM WILL ALSO EFFECT REGIONS FURTHER SOUTH

…FROM SAULT STE MARIE TO NORTH BAY…WHERE IT WILL TURN MUCH COLDER

WITH GUSTY WINDS AND BLOWING SNOW THROUGH TODAY AND TONIGHT WITH 4 TO

8 CM OF SNOW ACCUMULATIONS EXPECETD.

 

AN UPDATED ADVISORY…UNDER THE HEADER WPCN1…WILL BE ISSED AT

4.30 PM TODAY.

 

OTHER WEATHER WATCHES/WARNINGS STILL IN EFFECT…NONE

 

END/GW

WWCN1 CYYZ 082029

BULLETIN

MARINE WARNING NUMBER M003

ENVIRONMENT CANADA. TORONTO. ONTARIO.

3.25 PM EST SUNDAY 08 JANUARY 1989

 

GALE WARNING UPGRADED TO STORM WARNING

FOR THE WATERS OF..LAKE ONTARIO EASTERN LAKE ERIE

ST LAWRENCE RIVER FROM KINGSTON TO GANANOQUE

 

WESTERLY GALES HAVE STRENGTHENED REACHING STORM FORCE 45 TO 55 KNOTS

AS AN INTENSIFYING LOW TRACKS NORTHEASTWARD ACROSS QUEBEC. STORMS

WILL DIMINISH TO GALES THIS EVENING

 

THIS MESSAGE WILL BE UPDATED BY THE NEXT

REGULAR ISSUE OF THE MARINE FORCAST.

 

OTHER MARINE WARNINGS STILL IN EFFECT..M002 M004

 

END/MB/GW

 

Page 1 of 10

Okay, let’s compare that with more recent events, where severe thunderstorm watches or warnings have been issued. Well, this event and the January February 12th 2017 severe thunderstorm warning were both surprises and I’ve commented on that event, in a standalone blog post back then. The December 2018 severe thunderstorm watch and warning event for parts of Southern Ontario was also surprising, given that it is unusual but, because the watch was issued longer than either of the two watch and warnings, it wasn’t as memorable an event. Yes, there were thunderstorms but there were no tornado watches or warnings issued and if there were, then this event would be a runner-up to the January 1989 weather outbreak.

From the Weatheradio Canada side, if this had happened with the current software it most likely would have crashed and a watchdog would have happened. This year saw an event on both days, which had a few similarities but not enough to even come close, to resembling the 1989 event. For example: freezing rain warnings were issued and it did warm up during the night. However, there were no severe thunderstorm watches issued, even though there were reports of thunderstorms in parts of Southern Ontario. However, these took place during the day, where as the 1989 storms developed during the evening and continued through the overnight hours.

Will we ever see an event like this again? It’s hard to say but I won’t say never and with what had happened in February 2017, just about anything is possible with the weather.

As for SKYWARN training schedules, you can go to either of the following sites:

http://www.nws.noaa.gov/skywarn/

http://skywarn.org/

https://www.meted.ucar.edu/training_course.php?id#

http://spotterguides.us/

There are many links for you to look at on these sites. 🙂

SPOTTER REPORTING TIPS

How to Report

Amateur radio network (if applicable) – Amateur Radio Condition

Condition Codes: Code Green – Severe Thunderstorm Watch

Code Yellow – Severe Thunderstorm Warning or Tornado Watch

Code Red – Tornado Warning

in Ontario by email at storm.ontario@ec.gc.ca

Twitter with hashtag #onstorm

If you are CANWARN trained you should give the following information to the weather office in order to help them ground truth: Your name, CANWARN ID, contact number, – Where – you are located and the approximate location of what you are reporting, – Describe what you are witnessing/what you witnessed, the time of occurrence of the event and duration, its movement (where the phenomenon came from and where it is going).

In the spring/summer severe weather season, please report the following:

Hail (use coins to describe its size…dime, nickel, quarter, loonie for larger hail…golf ball etc.), Heavy rain that has resulted in local flooding, Damaging winds (damage from tree branches down to more significant tree or structural damage), Large scale rotation in a thunderstorm such as: Wall Cloud – Funnel Cloud, Waterspout and Tornado, Dense fog – visibility less than 1 km

Note: if you are unsure of the rotation or presence of a wall cloud or funnel cloud…watch the area for a few minutes if it is safe to do so to verify the situation.

For the fall/winter, please report the following: Dense fog (visibility less than 1 km), Any occurrence of freezing rain or freezing drizzle, Heavily accumulating snow (2 or more cm/hr), Whiteout conditions in snow/blowing snow (visibility near zero), Rapid freezing of water on road surfaces.

For SKYWARN spotters, you should report: Tornadoes or funnel clouds (be very wary of look-alikes; watch for rotation)

waterspouts, Wall clouds, especially if they are rotating

Hail (Be specific with regard to size; however, YOU SHOULD NOT report MARBLE size)

Winds (40 mph or greater; specify whether they are estimated or recorded), large branches downed (specify the diameter of the branch), Trees/power lines downed, Structural damage to buildings such as roof, windows, etc.

Rainfall (1 inch or greater in an hour) (NOT a 1″/hr. rate for 10 minutes), 2 inches or greater storm total, Flooding — Streams/Rivers — also, when nearing bankful — Coastal — Street (Road Closures/Washouts, Cars Stuck due to flood waters. Minimum of 6″ of water covering an entire roadway or lane of a major route/highway).

For Winter Weather you should report: Precipitation type change (rain to sleet/freezing rain/snow, when the change has “taken hold”), Thunder when it is accompanied by snow, 1/4″ radial ice accretion (from twig outward; not circumference), New Snowfall from the First 2 inches; every 2-3 inches thereafter, 1 inch per hour or greater.

If it is less than 2 inches total, give the final total only Give final total: no partial reports please) Report any snow/sleet/freezing rain if not in NWS forecast.

Please consult your local Amateur Radio club or CANWARN or SKYWARN group for their: email address, Twitter account or Facebook pages.

Weather Nets On Ham Radio from Daryl Stout WX1DER

a) VoIP Skywarn Hurricane Prep Net — Meets at 8pm Eastern, 7pm Central, 6pm Mountain, 5pm Pacific Time, on the *WX_TALK* Echolink Conference Server…Echolink Node 7203, and IRLP Node 9219.

During the off-season hurricane months from December through May, the net meets on the FIRST SATURDAY of the month ONLY. During the Atlantic Hurricane Season, from June through November, the net meets WEEKLY, at 8pm Eastern, 7pm Central, 6pm Mountain, and 5pm Pacific Time.

Also, note that on the first Saturday of December, the net is ONE HOUR EARLIER…at 7pm Eastern, 6pm Central, 5pm Mountain, and 5pm Pacific Time. This is so at the conclusion of Skywarn Recognition Day, stations don’t have to wait for the net to occur.

Further details are at http://www.voipwx.net

b) Southeast US D-Star Weather Net — Meets at 9pm Eastern, 8pm Central, 7pm Mountain, and 6pm Pacific, every Sunday night, on Reflector 2, Port A. The net also meets on the Southeast US D-Star Weather Net Ratflector on D-Rats.

Further details are at http://www.dstarinfo.com/se-d-star-wx-net.aspx

Lastly, stations can get a list of selected D-Star Nets during the week by sending an email to me at wx1der@gmail.com — and again, a list of selected Echolink Nets is at http://www.wx1der.com/elk.htm

Daryl Stout, WX1DER, Net Control

Southeast US D-Star Weather Net

Certified Skywarn Severe Storrrm Spotter

Where toPurchase Weather Radios

Weather Radios can be purchased at various electronics stores that specialize in radios and other equipment such as:

CB World at http://www.werecb.com/,

Universal Radio at http://www.universal-radio.com/,

Radiooorld at http://www.radioworld.ca/,

Burnaby Radio at http://www.burnabyradio.com/,

Ambient Weather at http://www.ambientweather.com/, and many more retailers throughout North America.

Best Buy, which caters more to General consumer Electronics such as, Smart phones, tablets, MP3 players etc. However, they also Carrie some Weather Radios, in both Canada and the US. http://www.bestbuy.com/ also in Canada http://m.bestbuy.ca/defaultpage.aspx?lang=en and if you want results from a search on Weather Radios, https://www.bestbuy.ca/en-CA/Search/SearchResults.aspx?query=Weather+radio

Or, the free iOS app Best Buy Canada by Best Buy Canada Ltd

https://appsto.re/ca/_2iex.i

If you want more information about the app, check The developer website for more information. http://www.bestbuy.ca/en-ca/bestbuyapps.aspx

When planning to purchase your first Weather Radio, it is highly recommended to look for the Public Alert identification logo.

Weather Information on the Internet

Suggested weather sites to visit as follows; In Canada the current websites url is http://www.weather.gc.ca

Want to get your weather in the US? Go to http://www.nws.noaa.gov/

Weatheradio Canada webpage at http://www.ec.gc.ca/weatheradio

NOAA Weather Radio webpage at http://www.nws.noaa.gov/nwr.

DX Info Centre at http://www.dxinfocentre.com/, to hear what Weather Radio sounds like before buying your first receiver, visit YouTube at http://www.youtube.com/ or just use Google to watch or listen to Youtube video or audio.

The NOAA Weather Radio All Hazards Newsletter is published four times a year. There is some seasonal information to notify recipients of additional weather information available to them that they may not know about (most of which can be found on the NOAA Watch web site http://www.noaawatch.gov/ ). At this site you can also subscribe to various weather feeds. The rest of the newsletter remains relatively unchanged due to outreach requirements. The current newsletter is available at the Noaa Weather Radio website http://www.weather.gov/nwr/news.htm. At this time, there is no newsletter mailing list to subscribe.

If you have additional questions, please feel free to e-mail answers@noaa.gov, here is the link to the answers website; http://findanswers.noaa.gov/noaa.answers/consumer/search.asp.

Yahoo Weatheradio Chatgroup, at

http://tech.Groups.yahoo.com/group/weatheradio/,

NOAA and Weatheradio Canada group on Facebook,

https://m.facebook.com/groups/weatheradio/

WXtoIMG at http://www.wxtoim.com/downloads/,

Digital Atmosphere at http://www.weathergraphics.com/da/

WebEx

http://www.freewebs.com/ve1jbl/canwarn.htm

NWS Taunton Amateur Radio SKYWARN Station home page at http://www.wx1box.org

The Maritime Amateur (Ham Radio for Maritimers by Maritimers) http://www.maritimeamateur.ca

VoIP Hurricane Prep Net – Saturday 9pm Atlantic Time / http://www.voipwx.net/

Phil Chadwicks blog at philtheforecaster.blogspot.com

Weather or Weather Radio Apps

This is a growing list and it needs more results for future reference. If you have idea’s for weather or Weather Radio apps which should be put into future issues of the newsletter, send an email to the author at wxrnewsletter@gmail.com. Right now these are iPhone apps only, because that is all we have at the moment. Your help is needed to expand it.

Alertable by Public Emergency Alerting Services Inc

https://itunes.apple.com/ca/app/alertable/id1277488940?mt=8

Note: for android users there is an android version of this app, which you can find on the Google Play store.

Weather Office Free by X2 Studios

https://appsto.re/ca/–gXw.i

This app provides weather and forecast information for both Canada and the US from Environment Canada and the National Weather Service respectively. In fact nearly all apps mentioned here provide information from one or both sources. There is a version you pay for but to me, it is the same as the free version.

NOAA Weather Radio by Christopher Coudriet

https://appsto.re/ca/R0LCy.i

This app allows you to listen to NOAA Weather Radio and receive alerts for your county in the US. It would be nice if it also provided the same feature for Weatheradio Canada and Canadians too, as it provides some Canadian WXR’s as live streams.

The Weather Center by Midland Radio Corporation

https://appsto.re/ca/9De3K.i

This app provides access to Midland Radio via social media and also provides weather forecast information and much more.

Weather Radio by WDT by Weather Decision Technologies, Inc.

https://appsto.re/ca/5eBPy.i

This app gives you NWS alerts and also pushes lightning alerts to your iPhone, when lightning is possibly detected in your local area or, in area’s you have selected.

TuneIn Radio – Stream Live Radio by TuneIn

https://appsto.re/ca/_7t-y.i

This popular app allows you to listen to conventional, Internet and even some Weather Radio stations when and where available. you can even listen to podcasts of your favourite radio shows if you like and maybe even audiobooks, To help you pass the time in the monotony of a commute or while waiting in the waiting room for an appointment.

Météo – Canadian Weather by North Bits Solutions Ltd.

https://appsto.re/ca/vu0i3.i

This is another app designed for Canadians and is available in both english and french. It is similar to the Degrees Pro app and some of the others on this list. It is also free, despite that it offers in app purchases.

Atmosphérique Pro – Canadian Weather from EC by Quadrant Newmedia Corp.

https://appsto.re/ca/ZcvgB.i

Radar Eh – Canada radar & alerts app using Environment Canada radar data by Zhao Han

https://appsto.re/ca/pA09cb.i

The official Weather Radio Listeners Newsletter Twitter Account

https://mobile.twitter.com/wxrnewsletter

There are many reliable manufacturers and retailers of Weather Radios sold in Canada and the USA. Below is a list of the recommended models currently for sale. Note: This list of suggested weather radios is strictly for informational purposes, and not as an endorsement of any specific model or manufacturer.

Midland Radio Corporation http://www.Midlandradio.com WR-300, W-r100B, EH55VP, WR-120, HH54VP, HH54VP2, ER102, Er300, ER310, EH55VP, Nautico 3, WR-11 and WR-400 are all manufactured by Midland and sold in North America.

Oregon Scientific http://www2oregonscientific.com W-R601, W-R203 and W-R602 are currently sold in North America.

Uniden Corporation http://www.Uniden.com BC75XLT, BC95XLT, BC125AT, BC346XT, BCT15X, BCD996XT, Homepatrol, BC436HP, BC536HP and BCD396XT are currently sold in North America.

Sangean USA http://www.Sangean.com CL100, DT400,, DT500, MMR88, PR-D4W and PRD9W are manufactured by Sangean and currently sold in North America.

Reecom Electronics Inc

http://www.reecominc.com R-1630, R-1650, R-200 and R-500 are manufactured by Reecom and currently sold in North America.

Kaito Electronics Inc http://www.kaitousa.com/. KA500, KA101 and KA600 are currently sold in North America.

Alert Works http://www.alert-works.com/ Alert Works desktop model EAR-10 is currently sold in North America.

In Closing

If you have any comments or suggestions, or if you wish to submit an article, please email me at wxrnewsletter@gmail.com. You can also follow me on Twitter @WxrNewsletter. Also, check out The Weather Radio Listeners Newsletter on Facebook at https://www.facebook.com/groups/1854305558188610/

I would like to give special thanks to those who made contributions to this latest issue as follows:

Daryl Stout WX1DER, Sylvayn Boutot, Marc-Antoine Chabot, Bob Robichaud VE1MBR, Midland Radio Corporation, Malcolm Kendal VE3BGD, Jim Langille VE1JBL, Gregory Zwicker, Phil Chadwick and Marc Fitkin for their help and contributions to the newsletter, among others.

Sincerely, Gord The Old Reliable.VA3WXA.

SAME & 1050 Hz Tone Tests for January 2019

Hi folks. This is the January 2019 monthly post which contains the monthly reports for the SAME and 1050 HZ tone test alerts for Weatheradio Canada, as I have them. As for what to report, all you have to do is report: the transmitter and its call sign and frequency, alert test and time. For example: Toronto XMJ225 (RWT) 11:54 AM local. You can send reports directly to me here in the comments or you can email me at wxrnewsletter@gmail.com. You can also contact me through the NOAA Weather Radio and Weatheradio Canada Facebook group to report as well. Of course, if you are my friend or follow me on Facebook or Twitter you can report using direct messages as well. Of course, you will also receive credit in the next post for your reports too.

Monthly SAME and 1050 HZ Tone Test Reports for January 2019

SAME and 1050 Hz tone test report for January 2nd 2019

St Catharines VAD320 (162.475 MHz) (RWT) 11:52 AM, (RMT) 11:57 A.m, (1050 Hz tone) 11:59 A.m. EST, Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (RWT) 11:54 AM, (RMT) 11:59 AM, (1050 TONE) 11:59 AM EST.

SAME Test report for January 9th 2019

St. Catharines VAD 320 (162.475 MHz) (RWT) 11:52 AM EST, Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (RWT) 11:54 AM EST.

SAME Test Report For January 16th 2019

St. Catharines VAD 320  162.475 MHz (RWT) 12:36 PM EST, Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (RWT) 12:39 PM EST.

SAME Test report for January 23rd 2019

St Catharines VAD320 (162.475 MHz) (RWT) 11:52 AM EST, Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (RWT) 11:54 AM EST.

SAME Test report for January 30th 2019

No RWT today. Something is wrong on the network in Ontario and everyone is trying to figure out what it is.

SAME & 1050 Hz Tone Test Report For December 2018

Hi folks. This is the December 2018 monthly post which contains the monthly reports for the SAME and 1050 HZ tone test alerts for Weatheradio Canada, as I have them. As for what to report, all you have to do is report: the transmitter and its call sign and frequency, alert test and time. For example: Toronto XMJ225 (RWT) 11:54 AM local. You can send reports directly to me here in the comments or you can email me at wxrnewsletter@gmail.com. You can also contact me through the NOAA Weather Radio and Weatheradio Canada Facebook group to report as well. Of course, if you are my friend or follower on Facebook or Twitter you can report using direct messages as well. Of course, you will also receive credit in the next post for your reports too. Also, when you submit your reports to me, please leave the SAME header codes on the WX radios. They are difficult to decode because of all those letters and numbers. Not everyone has done this but there are people who forget that not everyone knows how to read them. The point of the newsletter and the blog is to put the information in plain language so everyone will understand it. If you wish to put it on a Facebook post, that’s fine but be sure that everyone can understand everything beint written. I have had to decode posts from some people, who forget that not everyone knows what a bunch of z’s mean, in decoding a weather alert. Perhaps I will probably have something about the codes in the next issue of the newsletter. Anyway, let’s get on with the SAME test reports. Shal we?

Monthly SAME and 1050 HZ Tone Test Reports for December 2018

SAME and 1050 Hz tone test report for December 5th 2018

St Catharines VAD320 (162.475 MHz) (RWT) 11:52 AM, (WMT) 11:57 AM, (1050 Hz tone) 11:59 AM EST, Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (RWT) 11:54 AM, (RMT) 11:59 AM, (1050 TONE) 11:59 AM EST.

SAME Test report for December 12th 2018

St Catharines VAD320 (162.475 MHz) (RWT) 11:52 AM EST, Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (RWT) 11:54 AM EST.

SAME Test Report For December 19th 2018

St Catharines VAD320 (162.475 MHz) (RWT) 11:52 AM EST, Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (RWT) 11:54 AM EST.

SAME Test report for December 26th 2018

St Catharines VAD320 (162.475 MHz) (RWT) 11:52 AM EDT, Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (RWT) 11:54 AM EST.

SAME & 1050 Hz Tone Test Reports For November 2018Test

Hi folks. This is the November 2018 monthly post which contains the monthly reports for the SAME and 1050 HZ tone test alerts for Weatheradio Canada, as I have them. As for what to report, all you have to do is report: the transmitter and its call sign and frequency, alert test and time. For example: Toronto XMJ225 (RWT) 11:54 AM local. You can send reports directly to me here in the comments or you can email me at wxrnewsletter@gmail.com. You can also contact me through the NOAA Weather Radio and Weatheradio Canada Facebook group to report as well. Of course, if you are my friend or follow me on Facebook or Twitter you can report using direct messages as well. Of course, you will also receive credit in the next post for your reports too.

Also, when you submit your reports to me, please leave the SAME header codes on the WX radios. They are difficult to decode because of all those letters and numbers. Not everyone has done this but there are people who forget that not everyone knows how to read them. The point of the newsletter and the blog is to put the information in plain language so everyone will understand it. If you wish to put it on a Facebook post, that’s fine but be sure that everyone can understand everything being written. I have had to decode posts from some people, who forget that not everyone knows what a bunch of z’s mean, in decoding a weather alert. However, I have something about them in the latest issue of the newsletter. Anyway, let’s get on with the SAME test reports. Shal we?

Monthly SAME and 1050 HZ Tone Test Reports for November 2018

SAME and 1050 Hz tone test report for November 7th 2018

St Catharines VAD320 (162.475 MHz) (RWT) 11:52 AM, (WMT) 11:57 AM, (1050 Hz tone) 11:59 AM EST, Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (RWT) 11:54 AM, (RMT) 11:59 AM, (1050 TONE) 11:59 AM EST.

SAME Test report for November 14th 2018

Halifax (XLK 473) (162.550 MHz) (RWT) 11:47 AM AST, St Catharines VAD320 (162.475 MHz) (RWT) 11:52 AM EST, Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (RWT) 11:54 AM EST.

SAME Test Report For November 21st 2018

St Catharines VAD320 (162.475 MHz) (RWT) 12:40 PM EST, Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (RWT) 11:42 PM EDT. It was late, dew to being in watchdog, along with the rest of Ontario.

SAME Test report for November 28th 2018

St Catharines VAD320 (162.475 MHz) (RWT) 11:52 AM EST, Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (RWT) 11:54 AM local.

Note: after months of being awol, St Catharines VAD 320 has returned on September 14th. It is on FTP, as it has allerted at the usual time it used to sound the weekly and monthly tests, along with the 1050 Hz tone. Also, thanks to Brian Rodgers for his reports from Halifax, when possible.

Weather Radio Listeners Newsletter Issue 28

Weather_RADIO_LISTENERS_NEWSLETTER_ISSUE_28_November_1_2018

http://www.canadianwiki.org/Weatheradio_Canada

Hello and welcome to the fourth and final issue of the newsletter for 2018. It is fall and I hope we are enjoying it, before the snow starts to fly in a big way. I will have some comments about things which have been happening on the Weatheradio Canada network and thankfully, things are changing (all be it eventually) for the better. However, I will get into more of that later on in this issue.

This issue marks the 7th anniversary of the newsletter and to think, it was started in 2011, on an old Nokia phone and was an idea in my head, during August of that year. People have thankfully, been supportive and also, thanks to social media and my current blogging outlet, it has had a farther reach in the past year. Before I had started posting it here, the newsletter was only available in pdf form and sometimes, as a document file. Now, you can just use Google and you can find it. I do apologize for the spelling of the URL though, as it was a mistake which I hadn’t noticed until somebody had mentioned it to me.

For those of you on Facebook, don’t be shy about contributing to the newsletter, no matter which group you are a part of, relating to Weatheradio Canada or NOAA Weather Radio. I encourage anyone and everyone, to help fill up the newsletter with their own articles, as well as my own contributions. If you wish to contribute, you can either email me or send me a private message, if that makes you more comfortable. The email address is available in every issue of the newsletter and it has changed over the years. However, wxrnewsletter@gmail.com is the current address, to contact me by email. This also goes for those of you on the email list as well, as some of you have emailed me articles to insert into past issues of the newsletter and I thank you for them.

The idea is to take less of an emphasis off of me as the author and put more of it equally on you, as the reader contributing to it. That was a part of the original plan and unfortunately, I seemed to be dominating almost the entire issue. Not that I don’t like doing the whole thing, it’s just that I want others to contribute as well, for you to feel a part of it. Some of you have contributed however, the original idea of everyone contributing to the newsletter, somehow got lost and hopefully, there will be more of an equal contribution from both myself and you, the reader in the future. The exception is almost all of the links near the end of each issue, except for the applications and links to manufacturers and blogs. After all, the idea was to have something where anyone with or without social media can contribute. In fact, I got the idea for the newsletter from another such newsletter, published by the Oakville ARES group, which has since changed its name to SHARES or South Halton ARES. In fact, both newsletters grew and grew, as time went on but this one (had at times) expanded out of control. An example of a rather large issue which had been published is the 7th issue in May 2013, which seems to go on forever. However, I have managed to keep it to a reasonable length as of late.

I have no problem inserting links into the body of the newsletter either, to keep things interesting, as some people read it and others hear the text on a screen reading device. Besides, they are there to spice up the newsletter, like photo’s are there to spice up blog posts. Altho, I insert them because I feel they are important to know about. I wish I knew about WX radio when I went to school and I had never dreamed I would have my hands on the controls of a newsletter, about something which interests me and, which is provided by the federal governments, of both Canada and the US. Of course, I keep politics safely away from it because, that is where it belongs. I don’t like politics because of what it does to people. That is as far as I go on that subject.

Anyway, I hope you all are staying warm and weather-safe. Your continued support for the newsletter is very important and I thank all of you for becoming a part of it, at some time during its history.

After months of being awol, St Catharines VAD 320 162.475 MHz is back on air and not just an open Carrier. This is according to Marc-Antoine Chabot the day it came back. “Niagara is back online. We still need to change the backup battery and UPS, but we have a solid connection now.” It certainly is broadcasting as it should and hopefully, we don’t have it go offline for a long time.

Have you ever wondered what those letters and numbers inside a CLC or FIPS code mean? This should help explain that. This is a complete post from the NOAA Weather Radio and Weatheradio Canada Facebook group and thanks to Mark J. Szymanski for giving us this breakdown of all of the elements, with a small change I have made.

Here’s a brief breakdown of the elements contained in an Environment & Climate Change Canada SAME message (similar in the United States):

Example:

ZCZC-WXR-WSA-052100-052200-052212-052223-052231-052232-052240-052251-052252-052260-052270-052300-052310-052321-052322-052323-052331-052332-052340-052400-052410-052422-052431-052433-052500-052510-052520-052530-052540-052550+0600-3572142-EC/GC/CA

Note: Elements are separated with a hyphen, except for element 5 which is described below.

Element 1. The “ZCZC” comes from the Navtex message format which in this case, begins the SAME message

Element 2. The next element (“WXR”) is a three letter code which specifies that this is a Weatheradio message.

Element 3. Next, another three letter code which indicates the type of alert. In this example, it is a “Winter Storm watch” (“WSA”)

Element 4. The fourth element are 6-digit numerical codes, all separated by hyphens. The quantity of them varies depending on the location codes affected by the alert.

In this case, the following regions are under the Winter Storm Watch:

052100 = City of Winnipeg

052200 = Selkirk – Gimli – Stonewall – Woodlands

(which includes Rural Municipalities coded as 052212, 052223, 052231, 052232, 052240, 052251, 052252, 052260, & 052270)

052300 = Portage la Prairie – Headingley – Brunkild – Carman

(which includes Rural Municipalities coded as 052310,

052321, 052322, 052323, 052331, 052332, & 052340)

052400 = Dugald – Beausejour – Grand Beach

(which includes Rural Municipalities coded as 052410,

052422, 052431, & 052433)

052500 = Morden – Winkler – Altona – Emerson – Morris

(which includes Rural Municipalities coded as 052510,

052520, 052530, 052540, & 052550)

For brevity, the Rural Municipality names have been omitted.

Element 5. Preceded by a plus sign (+) is a four digit time code which specifies how long the alert is in effect for, in this case 0600 or 6 hours.

Element 6. Is a date and time code that indicates when the alert was issued. The first three digits are the Julian date (number of days since January 1st) followed by a four digit time in UTC (Universal Coordinated Time). Today is day 357 of 2016 and the issuing time was 21:42 UTC which translates to 3:42 PM CST (Central Standard Time).

Element 7: The final element indicates who issued the alert and will vary accordingly. In this example, EC/GC/CA is Environment Canada of Government of Canada of Canada.

The EOM or End of Message closes the alert and translates as four N’s or NNNN

Hope this helps demystify how the SAME codes read.

Any questions, please feel free to ask.

Network Survey, Phase II

Since mid May until around June 18, a select few WXR’s have been chosen to participate in the survey, about the network and as you probably guess, I made my voice heard. So did Weatheradio Canada, in that they used 2 new voices to announce it, along with the email address and phone number, in order to do so. In my case, I heard the announcement as I had returned home from a CANWARn session in Oakville and even though I knew the voices and that they were coming, I was surprised to hear them. For the record, the voices which we heard were Tom for english and Chantal for french, announcing the Survey and giving out the email address and phone number, respectively.

On August 14th, the second survey was conducted from then, until some time in September. This time, it was on more WXR’s and the same 2 voices were used as before. For me, there wasn’t any difference to the wording of the questions of either survey but I dutifully filled it out anyway and I have a copy of the audio of the second survey announcement, from someones radio. Of course, I don’t need it as a hi fidelity MP3 or wav file of the announcement because, I have all four voices on my iPhone already. However, I would like to take a look at the script as it was written because there are some problems with the rhythm of the phone number and email address is being given a bit more slowly then they should be, by both Tom and Chantal. Otherwise, I’m satisfied for the most part.

Since then, there has been no further surveys as yet and I am thankful, that others participated in it with me and when the next one is put on the network, I will be sure to be a part of it. Some of the things I hope will happen in the coming year are: a return of the watch, warning and advisory bulletins as they are written and not that something is issued for the listening area, without an explanation as to why it is in affect. This would be helpful to everyone, including those who are mariners and who have had their marine radio sound the alarm, about a severe thunderstorm warning in the area. In some cases, the forecast can fill in some details as to why a watch or warning is being issued, with hints as to why a watch or warning is in affect in the body of the forecast. But, not everyone has time to listen to the entire detailed forecast and they want to know, why their WX radio has gone off. This is where some Smart phone applications can be a big help but, what about if there is no internet connection? What if they are not even ham radio operators and they may have families to protect from potential danger. I’m just saying…

Something else that should also happen is that the cycle should be preempted for the time being, during a severe thunderstorm and or a tornado warning situation. About 30 years ago, there was an ID message which stated the station and its broadcast area. Then a message “dew to severe weather in the area, the broadcast has been preempted. We will return to normal, when the severe weather has passed.” The cycle consisted of hourly reports, the watch and warning bulletins in the area and the ID message being repeated, until all warnings have ended. This was only for severe thunderstorm or tornado warnings and that could change, if Weatheradio Canada decides to add other warnings which are not weather related. In the third issue I have all 80 SAME event codes (at the time) layed out and you can take a look at them, for more.

Something else myself and other listeners have been wanting on the network is special weather statements, so we can be alerted early, that something is possibly on the way and there may be further watches and warnings issued, as the event draws closer. I get them by email and I am lucky to have that privilege but, not everybody else has the same access to it that I do. Sure, there are applications which allow access to receiving all alerts on your phones but, what about those who have friends and family outside our city or town? I’m just thinking that it would be nice for everyone to have the same notice on their WX radios as they do on the internet and, it would be in a timely manner. Whether the powers that be, choose to have them toned is another matter and I don’t know if there will be any SAME event codes for special weather statements in the future.

There are a couple other items I hope will be back on the network, when everything changes. When I first listened, there was a daly climate data report twice a day, for yesterday and or, the current day. This of course, depended on when the report was generated on the network. It also gave the record hi’s and lo’s for the day and I have always found that interesting, especially if there is an unusual cool or warm air mass affecting the province in which I live. It also helps to keep us grounded in that we don’t need to be afraid of when the weather gets unusually unseasonable, for a time.

Also, in the morning there used to be a segment which gave the forecasted hi and weather conditions for major cities in Canada and the US. I think that was a nice gesture and it certainly helps people who are traveling, for what ever the reason. On another note, it helps to give a heads up to any inclement weather, which may be on the way or present at any given location outside the local city, Territory or province. It’s not detailed by any means but, just hereing the forecast hi and weather conditions alone, (especially in the winter for US destinations) is enough to make you want to go there. Imagine living in Toronto and hearing that it will be sunny and 27??? In February? Obviously, that probably won’t happen unless things go completely bonkers and the world’s climate is out of whack. Anyway, it’s only an example and not something that may really happen.

Anyway, thanks to all of you who have replied to both myself and the team who had conducted The survey. As for when the new voices will be on the network, not right now because there is still work to be done before the launch. That’s really all I can say about that and I’m not happy to tell you this either but, that’s the way the cooky crumbles. Right? Besides, It may change in the spring, as things have done in the past. However, that is another story for another article, in possibly the next issue of the newsletter.

THE WATCHDOG REPORT

If you hear anything that doesn’t sound right on your local Weather Radio transmitter, there are various ways to report a problem that depend on where you live. If you live in The United States, you can call 1-888-697-7263. You can email NOAA at nwroutage@noaa.gov, or on the web at http://www.nws.noaa.gov/nwr. If you live in Canada, you can call 1-877-789-7733. You can email the National Weatheradio Canada Team at ec.wxradio.ec@canada.ca. Also, you can report it on the NOAA Weather Radio Weatheradio Canada Facebook page and the Yahoo Weatheradio Chat Group. You will find the link to both the Facebook and the Yahoo group later in this issue and all issues of the newsletter. You can also email the author directly at wxrnewsletter@gmail.com and it will be passed on for you.

Note from the author:

I will only include items with a definitive time stamp on them, from start to finish. That is in affect the whole point of this report, to give as conclusively as possible, dates and times when outages have begun and ended. However, In the last issue, I have started putting in outages with unknown start and end times, as honourable mentions. However, I still would prefer as definitive start and end times, for reference in other sources and websites.

On Sunday September 16 around 4:14 AM, all of Ontario had gone into watchdog mode. It came back Monday, September 17 around 7:30 AM.

On Saturday October 20th at around 8:15 AM, all of Ontario had gone into watchdog mode and had returned early Sunday morning. This was after a severe thunderstorm warning was issued for 1 region of Southwestern Ontario on Saturday afternoon.

On Tuesday, October 23 at around 6:30 P.M. all of Ontario went back into watchdog mowed… again? but, I came back around 8:00 A.M. the next morning.

THE CANWARN/SKYWARN REPORT

CANWARN (CANadian Weather Amateur Radio Network) is a volunteer organization of amateur radio operators who report severe weather and damage reports to Environment Canada when they see it. Weather reports from amateur radio operators help confirm on the ground what satellites and radars see in the atmosphere. The information gathered from CANWARN is also used to update and fine tune weather warnings, fill in gaps in current observing networks and is also valuable in forensic storm analysis. When Environment Canada issues severe weather watches or warnings, they may alert the CANWARN volunteer Net Controllers in the affected areas. The volunteer Net Controllers contact other CANWARN members on the amateur radio, tell them a watch or warning has been issued and ask them to report signs of approaching severe weather. In the US SKYWARN is the American counterpart to CANWARN in Canada and the purpose for it is exactly the same.

For this section of the newsletter, we will explore how different CANWARN and SKYWARN groups operate in their local region, from time to time. There may be some SKYWARN information from meteorologists in this issue and there will be some tips on how to report severe weather for both CANWARN and SKYWARN.

We may not agree with everything that is written here, but it is important to hear from others to see how different groups operate throughout North America.

CANWARN training in Canada is done for this year and as I mentioned in the last issue, Geoff Coulson has retired after 30 plus years at ECCC. However, he is coming back to do some sessions in 2019, to make the transition easier for whomever the new Warning Preparedness Meteorologist will be for Ontario. I found out while attending the CANWARN session on May 5th at ECCC HQ, there are some people who don’t have a clew what Weatheradio is, even though they contribute to the network, EVEN BY WHAT THEY DO. I hope that the next one doesn’t need to be schooled on what Weatheradio Canada is and thankfully, Geoff was certainly aware of what it is. Anyway, I am certainly looking forward to next year and finding out who will take Geoff’s place. Also, who will write the anual canwarn MESSAGE DURING THE WINTER?

As for SKYWARN training schedules, you can go to either of the following sites:

http://www.nws.noaa.gov/skywarn/

http://skywarn.org/

https://www.meted.ucar.edu/training_course.php?id#

http://spotterguides.us/

There are many links for you to look at on these sites. 🙂

SPOTTER REPORTING TIPS

How to Report

Amateur radio network (if applicable) – Amateur Radio Condition

Condition Codes: Code Green – Severe Thunderstorm Watch

Code Yellow – Severe Thunderstorm Warning or Tornado Watch

Code Red – Tornado Warning

in Ontario by email at storm.ontario@ec.gc.ca

Twitter with hashtag #onstorm

If you are CANWARN trained you should give the following information to the weather office in order to help them ground truth: Your name, CANWARN ID, contact number, – Where – you are located and the approximate location of what you are reporting, – Describe what you are witnessing/what you witnessed, the time of occurrence of the event and duration, its movement (where the phenomenon came from and where it is going).

In the spring/summer severe weather season, please report the following:

Hail (use coins to describe its size…dime, nickel, quarter, loonie for larger hail…golf ball etc.), Heavy rain that has resulted in local flooding, Damaging winds (damage from tree branches down to more significant tree or structural damage), Large scale rotation in a thunderstorm such as: Wall Cloud – Funnel Cloud, Waterspout and Tornado, Dense fog – visibility less than 1 km

Note: if you are unsure of the rotation or presence of a wall cloud or funnel cloud…watch the area for a few minutes if it is safe to do so to verify the situation.

For the fall/winter, please report the following: Dense fog (visibility less than 1 km), Any occurrence of freezing rain or freezing drizzle, Heavily accumulating snow (2 or more cm/hr), Whiteout conditions in snow/blowing snow (visibility near zero), Rapid freezing of water on road surfaces.

For SKYWARN spotters, you should report: Tornadoes or funnel clouds (be very wary of look-alikes; watch for rotation)

waterspouts, Wall clouds, especially if they are rotating

Hail (Be specific with regard to size; however, YOU SHOULD NOT report MARBLE size)

Winds (40 mph or greater; specify whether they are estimated or recorded), large branches downed (specify the diameter of the branch), Trees/power lines downed, Structural damage to buildings such as roof, windows, etc.

Rainfall (1 inch or greater in an hour) (NOT a 1″/hr. rate for 10 minutes), 2 inches or greater storm total, Flooding — Streams/Rivers — also, when nearing bankful — Coastal — Street (Road Closures/Washouts, Cars Stuck due to flood waters. Minimum of 6″ of water covering an entire roadway or lane of a major route/highway).

For Winter Weather you should report: Precipitation type change (rain to sleet/freezing rain/snow, when the change has “taken hold”), Thunder when it is accompanied by snow, 1/4″ radial ice accretion (from twig outward; not circumference), New Snowfall from the First 2 inches; every 2-3 inches thereafter, 1 inch per hour or greater.

If it is less than 2 inches total, give the final total only Give final total: no partial reports please) Report any snow/sleet/freezing rain if not in NWS forecast.

Please consult your local Amateur Radio club or CANWARN or SKYWARN group for their: email address, Twitter account or Facebook pages.

Where toPurchase Weather Radios

Weather Radios can be purchased at various electronics stores that specialize in radios and other equipment such as:

CB World at http://www.werecb.com/,

Universal Radio at http://www.universal-radio.com/,

Radiooorld at http://www.radioworld.ca/,

Burnaby Radio at http://www.burnabyradio.com/,

Ambient Weather at http://www.ambientweather.com/, and many more retailers throughout North America.

Best Buy, which caters more to General consumer Electronics such as, Smart phones, tablets, MP3 players etc. However, they also Carrie some Weather Radios, in both Canada and the US. http://www.bestbuy.com/ also in Canada http://m.bestbuy.ca/defaultpage.aspx?lang=en and if you want results from a search on Weather Radios, https://www.bestbuy.ca/en-CA/Search/SearchResults.aspx?query=Weather+radio

Or, the free iOS app Best Buy Canada by Best Buy Canada Ltd

https://appsto.re/ca/_2iex.i

If you want more information about the app, check The developer website for more information. http://www.bestbuy.ca/en-ca/bestbuyapps.aspx

When planning to purchase your first Weather Radio, it is highly recommended to look for the Public Alert identification logo. 🙂

Weather Information on the Internet

Suggested weather sites to visit as follows; In Canada the current websites url is http://www.weather.gc.ca

Want to get your weather in the US? Go to http://www.nws.noaa.gov/

Weatheradio Canada webpage at http://www.ec.gc.ca/weatheradio

NOAA Weather Radio webpage at http://www.nws.noaa.gov/nwr.

DX Info Centre at http://www.dxinfocentre.com/, to hear what Weather Radio sounds like before buying your first receiver, visit YouTube at http://www.youtube.com/ or just use Google to watch or listen to Youtube video or audio.

The NOAA Weather Radio All Hazards Newsletter is published four times a year. There is some seasonal information to notify recipients of additional weather information available to them that they may not know about (most of which can be found on the NOAA Watch web site http://www.noaawatch.gov/ ). At this site you can also subscribe to various weather feeds. The rest of the newsletter remains relatively unchanged due to outreach requirements. The current newsletter is available at the Noaa Weather Radio website http://www.weather.gov/nwr/news.htm. At this time, there is no newsletter mailing list to subscribe.

If you have additional questions, please feel free to e-mail answers@noaa.gov, here is the link to the answers website; http://findanswers.noaa.gov/noaa.answers/consumer/search.asp.

Yahoo Weatheradio Chatgroup, at

http://tech.Groups.yahoo.com/group/weatheradio/,

NOAA and Weatheradio Canada group on Facebook,

https://m.facebook.com/groups/weatheradio/

WXtoIMG at http://www.wxtoim.com/downloads/,

Digital Atmosphere at http://www.weathergraphics.com/da/

WebEx

http://www.freewebs.com/ve1jbl/canwarn.htm

NWS Taunton Amateur Radio SKYWARN Station home page at http://www.wx1box.org

The Maritime Amateur (Ham Radio for Maritimers by Maritimers) http://www.maritimeamateur.ca

VoIP Hurricane Prep Net – Saturday 9pm Atlantic Time / http://www.voipwx.net/

Phil Chadwicks blog at philtheforecaster.blogspot.com

Weather or Weather Radio Apps

This is a growing list and it needs more results for future reference. If you have idea’s for weather or Weather Radio apps which should be put into future issues of the newsletter, send an email to the author at wxrnewsletter@gmail.com. Right now these are iPhone apps only, because that is all we have at the moment. Your help is needed to expand it.

Alertable by Public Emergency Alerting Services Inc

https://itunes.apple.com/ca/app/alertable/id1277488940?mt=8

Note: for android users there is an android version of this app, which you can find on the Google Play store.

Weather Office Free by X2 Studios

https://appsto.re/ca/–gXw.i

This app provides weather and forecast information for both Canada and the US from Environment Canada and the National Weather Service respectively. In fact nearly all apps mentioned here provide information from one or both sources. There is a version you pay for but to me, it is the same as the free version.

NOAA Weather Radio by Christopher Coudriet

https://appsto.re/ca/R0LCy.i

This app allows you to listen to NOAA Weather Radio and receive alerts for your county in the US. It would be nice if it also provided the same feature for Weatheradio Canada and Canadians too.

The Weather Center by Midland Radio Corporation

https://appsto.re/ca/9De3K.i

This app provides access to Midland Radio via social media and also provides weather forecast information and much more.

Weather Radio by WDT by Weather Decision Technologies, Inc.

https://appsto.re/ca/5eBPy.i

This app gives you NWS alerts and also pushes lightning alerts to your iPhone, when lightning is possibly detected in your local area or, in area’s you have selected.

TuneIn Radio – Stream Live Radio by TuneIn

https://appsto.re/ca/_7t-y.i

This popular app allows you to listen to conventional, Internet and even some Weather Radio stations when and where available. you can even listen to podcasts of your favourite radio shows if you like and maybe even audiobooks, To help you pass the time in the monotony of a commute or while waiting in the waiting room for an appointment.

Météo – Canadian Weather by North Bits Solutions Ltd.

https://appsto.re/ca/vu0i3.i

This is another app designed for Canadians and is available in both english and french. It is similar to the Degrees Pro app and some of the others on this list. It is also free, despite that it offers in app purchases.

Atmosphérique Pro – Canadian Weather from EC by Quadrant Newmedia Corp.

https://appsto.re/ca/ZcvgB.i

Radar Eh – Canada radar & alerts app using Environment Canada radar data by Zhao Han

https://appsto.re/ca/pA09cb.i

Weather Nets On Ham Radio from Daryl Stout WX1DER

a) VoIP Skywarn Hurricane Prep Net — Meets at 8pm Eastern, 7pm Central, 6pm Mountain, 5pm Pacific Time, on the *WX_TALK* Echolink Conference Server…Echolink Node 7203, and IRLP Node 9219.

During the off-season hurricane months from December through May, the net meets on the FIRST SATURDAY of the month ONLY. During the Atlantic Hurricane Season, from June through November, the net meets WEEKLY, at 8pm Eastern, 7pm Central, 6pm Mountain, and 5pm Pacific Time.

Also, note that on the first Saturday of December, the net is ONE HOUR EARLIER…at 7pm Eastern, 6pm Central, 5pm Mountain, and 5pm Pacific Time. This is so at the conclusion of Skywarn Recognition Day, stations don’t have to wait for the net to occur.

Further details are at http://www.voipwx.net

b) Southeast US D-Star Weather Net — Meets at 9pm Eastern, 8pm Central, 7pm Mountain, and 6pm Pacific, every Sunday night, on Reflector 2, Port A. The net also meets on the Southeast US D-Star Weather Net Ratflector on D-Rats.

Further details are at http://www.dstarinfo.com/se-d-star-wx-net.aspx

Lastly, stations can get a list of selected D-Star Nets during the week by sending an email to me at wx1der@gmail.com — and again, a list of selected Echolink Nets is at http://www.wx1der.com/elk.htm

Daryl Stout, WX1DER, Net Control for Southeast US D-Star Weather Net

Certified Skywarn Severe Storrrm Spotter

The official Weather Radio Listeners Newsletter Twitter Account

https://mobile.twitter.com/wxrnewsletter

There are many reliable manufacturers and retailers of Weather Radios sold in Canada and the USA. Below is a list of the recommended models currently for sale. Note: This list of suggested weather radios is strictly for informational purposes, and not as an endorsement of any specific model or manufacturer.

Midland Radio Corporation http://www.Midlandradio.com WR-300, W-r100B, EH55VP, WR-120, HH54VP, HH54VP2, ER102, Er300, ER310, EH55VP, Nautico 3, WR-11 and WR-400 are all manufactured by Midland and sold in North America.

Oregon Scientific http://www2oregonscientific.com W-R601, W-R203 and W-R602 are currently sold in North America.

Uniden Corporation http://www.Uniden.com BC75XLT, BC95XLT, BC125AT, BC346XT, BCT15X, BCD996XT, Homepatrol, BC436HP, BC536HP and BCD396XT are currently sold in North America.

Sangean USA http://www.Sangean.com CL100, DT400,, DT500, MMR88, PR-D4W and PRD9W are manufactured by Sangean and currently sold in North America.

Reecom Electronics Inc

http://www.reecominc.com R-1630, R-1650, R-200 and R-500 are manufactured by Reecom and currently sold in North America.

Kaito Electronics Inc http://www.kaitousa.com/. KA500, KA101 and KA600 are currently sold in North America.

Alert Works http://www.alert-works.com/ Alert Works desktop model EAR-10 is currently sold in North America.

In Closing

If you have any comments or suggestions, or if you wish to submit an article, please email me at wxrnewsletter@gmail.com. You can also follow me on Twitter @WxrNewsletter. Also, check out The Weather Radio Listeners Newsletter on Facebook at https://www.facebook.com/groups/1854305558188610/

I would like to give special thanks to those who made contributions to this latest issue as follows:

Daryl Stout WX1DER, Mark J. Szymanski, Marc-Antoine Chabot, Bob Robichaud VE1MBR, Midland Radio Corporation, Malcolm Kendal VE3BGD, Jim Langille VE1JBL, Gregory Zwicker, Phil Chadwick and Marc Fitkin for their help and contributions to the newsletter, among others.

Sincerely, Gord The Old Reliable.VA3WXA.

SAME & 1050 Hz tone test reports for October 2018

Hi folks. This is the October 2018 monthly post which contains the monthly reports for the SAME and 1050 HZ tone test alerts for Weatheradio Canada, as I have them. As for what to report, all you have to do is report: the transmitter and its call sign and frequency, alert test and time. For example: Toronto XMJ225 (RWT) 11:54 AM local. You can send reports directly to me here in the comments or you can email me at wxrnewsletter@gmail.com. You can also contact me through the NOAA Weather Radio and Weatheradio Canada Facebook group to report as well. Of course, if you are my friend or follow me on Facebook or Twitter you can report using direct messages as well. Of course, you will also receive credit in the next post for your reports too.

Monthly SAME and 1050 HZ Tone Test Reports for October 2018

SAME and 1050 Hz tone test report for October 3rd 2018

Halifax (XLK 473) (162.550 MHz) (RWT) 11:49 AM, (RMT) 12:18 PM, (1050 Hz tone) 12:01 PM ADT, St Catharines VAD320 (162.475 MHz) (RWT) 11:52 AM, (RMT) 11:57 A.m, (1050 Hz tone) 11:59 A.m. EDT, Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (RWT) 11:54 AM, (RMT) 11:59 AM, (1050 TONE) 11:59 AM EDT.

SAME Test report for October 10th 2018

Halifax (XLK 473) (162.550 MHz) (RWT) 11:47 AM ADT, St. Catharines VAD 320 (162.475 MHz) (RWT) 11:52 AM EDT, Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (RWT) 11:54 AM EDT.

SAME Test Report For October 17th 2018

Halifax (XLK 473) (162.550 MHz) (RWT) 11:48 AM ADT, St. Catharines VAD 320  162.475 MHz (RWT) 11:52 AM EDT, Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (RWT) 11:54 AM EDT.

SAME Test report for October 24th 2018

St Catharines VAD320 (162.475 MHz) (RWT) 12:11 PM EDT, Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (RWT) 12:13 PM EDT.

SAME Test report for October 31st 2018

St Catharines VAD320 (162.475 MHz) (RWT) 11:53 AM EDT, Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (RWT) 12:34 PM EDT. Thanks Brian Rodgers for his reports from Halifax.

SAME And 1050 Hz Test Reports For September 2018

Hi folks. This is the September 2018 monthly post which contains the monthly reports for the SAME and 1050 HZ tone test alerts for Weatheradio Canada, as I have them. As for what to report, all you have to do is report: the transmitter and its call sign and frequency, alert test and time. For example: Toronto XMJ225 (RWT) 11:54 AM local. You can send reports directly to me here in the comments or you can email me at wxrnewsletter@gmail.com. You can also contact me through the NOAA Weather Radio and Weatheradio Canada Facebook group to report as well. Of course, if you are my friend or follower on Facebook or Twitter you can report using direct messages as well. Of course, you will also receive credit in the next post for your reports too. Also, when you submit your reports to me, please leave the SAME header codes on the WX radios. They are difficult to decode because of all those letters and numbers. Not everyone has done this but there are people who forget that not everyone knows how to read them. The point of the newsletter and the blog is to put the information in plain language so everyone will understand it. If you wish to put it on a Facebook post, that’s fine but be sure that everyone can understand everything beint written. I have had to decode posts from some people, who forget that not everyone knows what a bunch of z’s mean, in decoding a weather alert. Perhaps I will probably have something about the codes in the next issue of the newsletter. Anyway, let’s get on with the SAME test reports. Shal we?

Monthly SAME and 1050 HZ Tone Test Reports for August 2018

SAME and 1050 Hz tone test report for September 5th 2018

Halifax (XLK 473) (162.550 MHz.) (RWT) 11:49 AM ADT, (RMT) 12:18 PM ADT, Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (RWT) 11:54 AM, (RMT) 11:59 AM, (1050 TONE) 11:59 AM EDT.

SAME Test report for September 12th 2018

Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (RWT) 11:54 AM EDT.

SAME Test Report For September 19th 2018

St Catharines VAD320 (162.475 MHz) (RWT) 11:52 AM EDT, Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (RWT) 11:54 AM EDT.

SAME Test report for September 26th 2018

Halifax (XLK 473) (162.550 MHz.) (RWT) 11:48 AM ADT, St Catharines VAD320 (162.475 MHz) (RWT) 11:52 AM EDT, Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (RWT) 11:54 AM local.

Note: after months of being awol, St Catharines VAD 320 has returned on September 14th. It is on FTP, as it has allerted at the usual time it used to sound the weekly and monthly tests, along with the 1050 Hz tone. Also, thanks to Brian Rodgers for his reports from Halifax, when possible.

SAME and 1050 Hz Tone Test Reports for August 2018

Hi folks. This is the August 2018 monthly post which contains the monthly reports for the SAME and 1050 HZ tone test alerts for Weatheradio Canada, as I have them. As for what to report, all you have to do is report: the transmitter and its call sign and frequency, alert test and time. For example: Toronto XMJ225 (RWT) 11:54 AM local. You can send reports directly to me here in the comments or you can email me at wxrnewsletter@gmail.com. You can also contact me through the NOAA Weather Radio and Weatheradio Canada Facebook group to report as well. Of course, if you are my friend or follower on Facebook or Twitter you can report using direct messages as well. Of course, you will also receive credit in the next post for your reports too.

Monthly SAME and 1050 HZ Tone Test Reports for August 2018

SAME and 1050 Hz tone test report for August 1st 2018

Halifax (XLK473) (162.550 MHz) (RWT) 11:49 AM ADT, (1050Hz tone) 12:00 PM, (RMT) 12:18 PM ADT,Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (RWT) 11:54 AM, (RMT) 11:59 AM, (1050 TONE) 11:59 AM EDT.

SAME Test report for August 8th 2018

Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (RWT) 11:54 AM EDT.

SAME Test Report For August 15th 2018

Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (RWT) 11:54 AM EDT.

SAME Test report for August 22nd 2018

Halifax XLK 473 (162.550 MHz) (RWT) 11:48 AM ADT, Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (RWT) 11:54 AM EDT.

SAME Test report for August 29th 2018

Toronto (XMJ225 162.400 MHz.) (RWT) 11:54 AM EDT.

Thanks to Brian Rodgers for his reports on the Halifax WXR.

Weather Radio Listeners Newsletter Issue 27

Weather_RADIO_LISTENERS_NEWSLETTER_ISSUE_27_August_1_2018

http://www.canadianwiki.org/Weatheradio_Canada

Hello and welcome to the third issue of the newsletter for 2018. It is summer and I hope we are out and about having as much fun as we can, before the fall sets in. I will have some comments about things which have been happening on the Weatheradio Canada network and along with that, some things you may not know about the past and future voices.

We have a number of people who have retired or are retiring from Environment and Climate Change Canada, from when the last issue came out on May 1st. Etienne Gregoire is the current voice of the watchdog short cycle canned message and most WXR ID messages. I first heard him in August 1990 and he was also one of the main people replying to voice messages from listeners, who would call the number given in the broadcast. He of course, has also contributed to the newsletter and among his contributions is his report on Sandy in Issue 6.

Arnold Ashton also retired recently and was the lead meteorologist for ECCC before he left. He was also one of the voices who were on Weatheradio Canada, reading out the information on tape and I met him in 2008, when I first became CANWARN trained. He was impressed that I remembered a lot of the voices and names I heard back in the day.

Geoff Coulson has also contributed to the newsletter and managed the CANWARn operations in Ontario. I first talked to him in August 2006, when I reported that a 1050 Hz tone alert hadn’t gone out over the network. The reason was back then, if there were warningss or watches issued, the 1050 Hz tone wouldn’t sound for the monthly test on the first Wednesday of the month. Now that SAME is active with the RWT and RMT, there really isn’t a problem with alerts not sounding. Unless a glitch in the system has developed.

A lot of us know Geoff from his work with CANWARN and he has also been one of the voices on radio and TV, when severe weather is or has happened. Hopefully he may come out of retirement to continue work with CANWARN in Ontario. Actually, I have heard that it may be possible.

Finally, Denis Paquette will be missed the most. Without him and his support, this newsletter wouldn’t have even had a chance to be born. When he was the national manager for Weatheradio Canada, he was able to tell me a lot about how the system is controlled. He also is the reason why I file reports every week for both SAME and 1050 Hz tone tests since August 2012. Remember in the 4th issue? I had put it out there, that we needed help in reporting the weekly SAME test reports across Canada and a couple of you have responded and helped out when you were able.

I met him in July 2015 during the Pan’Am Games and we had lunch at a restaurant near Union Subway Station, which name escapes me. I think the word Fox was a part of the name but I do remember having a burger and fries, with a nice chocolate cake for dessert. That was also the first time I had heard the new english speaking voices for Weatheradio Canada, which had yet to be heard by others. We had this lunch in the works but it was just a matter of the timing and where we could go. I showed him how I do what I do and he was certainly impressed that I could navigate something with a touch screen. Here is a Youtube video with him reading out an ID for a WXR in Ontario. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DSgWSE5TAPM

One thing about Denis and Arnold you may remember, if you have been on the mailing list from Issue 5 onward is that they both were guests on the Weather Radio net on ham radio. I may have further things to say about a possible return of the net but, I will leave that for later and by the time of the next issue, it may or may not be back. I will be posting on Facebook and tweeting something in the coming weeks.

I could say a lot more about those fine people I have mentioned but I don’t want to go on too long about them. I will say a big thank you to all of them, for any contributions they have made over the years to the development of the newsletter so far.

Unfortunately, we have a member of the email list who has passed on, in the past few weeks. Rick Michouicz is no longer with us and has died, aged 64. He is known to those of us in ham radio by his call signs VE3TYP and VE3US and would check into any net he could. He has also done a fine job as a net controller for various nets I have checked into, over my time as a ham. He was a part of the Mississauga Amateur Radio Club for a number of years and recently, moved to Sauble Beach and moved on to the Georgian Bay Amateur Radio Club.

He didn’t contribute anything to the newsletter but, the fact that he asked to join the mailing list is good enough for me. He was great with me, even though we probably haven’t met in person but, I’m glad to have chatted with him, when he was around. RIP and thanks for being a part of the history and, 73 de VA3WXA.

Anyway, I hope you all are staying warm and weather-safe. Your continued support for the newsletter is very important and I thank all of you for becoming a part of it, at some time during its history. 🙂

Network Survey

Since mid May until around June 18, a select few WXR’s have been chosen to participate in the survey, about the network and as you probably guess, I made my voice heard. So did Weatheradio Canada, in that they used 2 new voices to announce it, along with the email address and phone number, in order to do so. In my case, I heard the announcement as I had returned home from a CANWARn session in Oakville and even though I knew the voices and that they were coming, I was surprised to hear them. For the record, the voices which we heard were Tom for enlish and Chantal for french, announcing the Survey and giving out the email address and phone number, respectively.

The only things I had mentioned are that when a watch or warning is issued, there is only the mention of the watch or warning and it moves on, to the next thing. There is no explanation as to why the warning has been issued and where the severe weather is, in relation to the warned area’s and what to do in the event of said severe weather. The same is true for advisories and I agree, we can read the entire text of all three levels of severe weather notification on the website and various weather apps but, not everybody has access to the Internet who listens to Weatheradio Canada. I was that guy a few years ago and For my part, I’m generally happy with how things are but I know that most people aren’t, with what they hear on Weatheradio Canada. They’re obviously people who do not like French on the network where English is spoken on the daily basis and I understand that. It was made clear in the last issue, when I allowed a member of the group to air out their frustration with french on the network where he hears english every day. The only thing I asked was for them to hurry up and get the new voice is on the air as soon as possible. Also, hopefully they can get the Full text of: watches, warnings and advisories on the network in both languages with the upgrade. Also, having both SAME and the 1050 Hz tone inside the message, (as apposed to them being separate) would be good. This would be especially so for warnings of all types, to turn on all alert radios so everyone would be aware that they should prepare for any type of severe weather, no matter what time of year it is. It would also keep VHF marine radios with a basic alert tone active throughout the year and radios which react to both SAME and the tone alert (Separately or together), like scanners and some models of Sangean WX radios.

As for the voices, I will talk about them in the next article and to finish this one off, thanks to all of you who have replied to both myself and the team who had conducted The survey. Unfortunately, it resulted in having to dismiss one person from the group because they did not approach it from the standpoint of Weatheradio Canada and that is all I am going to say about that. However, I do not appreciate hearing people calling french on Weatheradio Canada disgusting. As a volunteer, I do what I can to help them out and the rest of us or on the mailing list are mostly volunteers as well and should live up to that, including comments on the service. I understand the frustration that some people feel about how it sounds but, calling another language disgusting is inappropriate and hopefully, the people who receive this do not use that as part of the strategy to improve Weatheradio Canada, by simply removing French from the network because of those negative comments. Canada is a bilingual country and ever since 2002, French has been on the network in the broadcast cycle, but has been on the network longer than that during station identification messages. In fact, when I first listened there was a phone number given out in French, probably directing those who want to make comments about the network to it. Either way, French is here to stay and should be here to stay because of our status as a multi lingual country, with English and French being our two main languages. I hope I have made myself clear. 🙂

It’s All About The Voice

Okay, I’ve touched on this topic multiple times in the past few issues but, since the first hint of the new voices coming has been given I will dig a bit deeper into their history with Weatheradio Canada, as well as the new ones coming. I will even talk a bit about NOAA Weather Radio and it’s own voices over the years, to compare how similar the changes have occurred on both networks over the years.

As has been said in earlier issues, both Weatheradio Canada and NWR had been using forecasters to record the weather information on tape and it went out over the networks that way. Some time in the 90’s Weatheradio Canada and NOAA Weather Radio both decided to switch from humans to computers. Since Computers could talk with the help of screen reading devices (marketed mostly toward the blind and visually impaired) why not? The problem was that in the case of NWR they first used a voice called Paul or Perfect Paul, who was far from perfect to many listeners ears and if I had known about it, I would have agreed but, what choices did they have? The idea behind having a computer read out the information to the listener is to free up time for the forecasters to concentrate on their job, which is to forecast both severe and non-severe weather. Plus, the NWR network was expanding so, there really was no choice but to use computerized voices. Thankfully, we had Tom and Donna, along with Javier, a spanish speaking voice who was on selected stations. Now NWR has Paul Jr, who has been around about as long as Tom and Donna and is available on most computers and scanner’s for the blind, in order for them to read printed material. There is also a new spanish speaking voice Violetta. She is probably used in the same locations as Javier, I’m guessing. As far as the NWR software goes, you can look up that history easily on the NWR website, in the links section of the newsletter. However, I do have one other thing to tell you about Paul Jr, Paul is a voice from Vocalware. Along with Julie and Kate, he is found on an OCR program called Krtzweil, founded and invented by Ray Krtzweil.

As a matter of interest, I was given a list of voices in 2011, which were thought to replace Tom, Donna and Javier. However, we obviously know which voices have replaced them, but I thought I would give you the list as I had it back then, from Gregery Zwicker.

Current NOAA Weather Radio voices:

• using Nuance Speechify

◦ Male (Tom)

◦ Female (Donna)

◦ Spanish Male (Javier)

Future NOAA Weather Radio voices:

• using AT&T Natural Voice

◦ Male (Mike)

◦ Female (Crystal)

◦ Spanish Male (Alberto)

◦ Spanish Female (Rosa)

In the case of Weatheradio Canada, it had a similar situation, when it came to the network expantion. However, the software used is an in-house product called AVIPADS or Automated Voice Integrated Production and Dissemination System. That was brought in during the latter half of the 90’s too and has been using StarCaster and it’s main voice Dr. Steve Eady, a linguist from Vancouver BC and a french voice who was an employee of Environment and Climate Change Canada and his name is Francois. Other voices were brought in, to read out the station ID messages from Weatheradio Canada’s inception to present day, with the exception of four years from 2003 to 2007, when the AVIPADS voices read out the ID messages. Human’s were brought back because of the frenchpronunciation of some letters of the alphabet such as X. For example: In callsigns such as XMJ 225. The humans have read out both ID and canned messages to this day, with the exception of the Survey, which was mentioned in the previous article.

This brings us to the new voices coming on board, hopefully some time this year. I for one am very excited about our new human sounding voice overlords and as a listener of Weatheradio Canada, I know them well. I will talk about them and where you can hear most of them. Before I do, I will get into where they came from originally, as much as I can dig deep into the history of these voices.

Ava, a voice used in vocalizer since 2013 was originally taken from what would appear to be the svox classic lineup of voices, namely a voice called Grace. Tom actually originated with speechify as a telecom voice as noteworthy by the voice heard on the weather radio for exactly 13 years.

The Two French voices didn’t appear to be very popular initially because they hadn’t been associated with vocalizer until 2013, when vocalizer, now owned by Nuance, changed pace with having bought out some of the other voice systems, namely loquendo. If you look at some of the voice names, Carlos, solidad, carman, Jorge, Diego, Fransiska, those voices, were part of the loquendo line up of voices. Now while the afformentioned are not related to weatheradio Canada, it’s surprising they are not using Susan. I will get more into that later on.

Tom is based on singer and guitarist Tom Glynn, who is from Boston and has released his own music and has had it in TV shows for example: Californication. He was the main voice for NWR up to 2016, along with Donna and I’ve mentioned them before in this article. He is, or was the voice of Kindle and apparently, is or was, a hard-core Kindle fan. https://www.engadget.com/amp/2009/03/03/the-engadget-interview-tom-glynn-the-voice-of-the-kindle-2/

You can also hear his voice (along with the other voices I will talk about here) on GPS systems in vehicles, along with other voices which are helpful in navigation.

Ava is a newer girl and she gets around as well. I have heard her predecessor, Grace and she was much more rigid and robotic sounding, with less of a personality. I don’t know who she is based on but, I like her. She is currently heard as a voice on the Continuous Marine Broadcasts on VHF frequencys in Canada, representing Canadian Coast Guard radio stations. If you’ve ever called telephone IVR systems, you may have heard her as well as tom giving you prompts or information. For example: if you live in Ontario and specifically, the GTHA and use Go Transit’s Interactive Voices Response phone system, Ava is now the voice you hear in english. She also can be heard on other related phone systems throughout Ontario too. You can recognize her as having a deeper voice but she still sounds friendly. Oh, if you have ridden on the Go Train lately, you can hear her there too, as she announces the stops. If you have also called Greyhound and their IVR phone system, you can hear her saying selected words, while a human says the rest of the preamble.

Unfortunately, I can’t talk about Chantal and Nicolas because they are french speaking voices and I haven’t heard them anywhere, except on Weatheradio Canada tests on Youtube and on my iPhone. Actually, Chantal is Ava’s french speaking counterpart on the Continuous Marine Broadcasts and I found that out recently, when someone had her trying to say words in english. I had no idea until someone phoned me to let me know about it and we listened together and sure enough, I heard it but decided not to report it. Besides, this would probably be fixed when the next round of forecasts were issued, as this mistake affected the short term marine forecasts.

Actually, all 4 voices I am talking about here, all are available for download on any current iPhone or iPad, in the accessibility settings, if you’re looking for speech. Unfortunately, Tom and Ava are bigger voice files but Chantal and Nicholas are relatively small. I am actually using Ava right now, to compose this article and well, why not?

This brings me to the differences between StarCaster and the new Nuance voices, which is what: Tom, Ava, Chantal and Nicolas are. With StarCaster, the words and phrases are straight words and phrases, without a bunch of chopping up and reforming meaningless words and phrases into something meaningful. Also, I’ve been told that each word or phrase costs money and that may explain why Weatheradio Canada sounds so basic these days.

In the case of Nuance, Voice actors are brought in to read words and phrases, which are unusually written. This is to create speech and manipulate it to the point of being synthesized. In fact, any voices you hear on computers, or smart phones, or tablets which sound human like today are in fact human beings who have recorded unusual combinations of words and phrases, which have been chopped up and the speech has been reformed into synthesized speech. A few issues ago, I provided a link to the video for Inside Nuance which talks about this process and shows an actress voicing herself, recording an unusual combination of words and phrases. Think about how Siri or Alexa speaks and consider that the voice actors or actresses called in to voice these products had to work from months, to get the right pitch and phrasing and just the right sound for the speech. So, a lot of thought went into who was chosen as the voices of these things which speak to us, and for us. Think about that while you’re riding in your car and your GPS tells you to turn left in 2 kilometers, or next time you ride public transit and the next stop is announced.

Earlier on, I had mentioned Ava and how she is the english speaking voice of the Continuous Marine Broadcasts and she has been for A few years now. Although, she hasn’t been on every single transmitter throughout Canada during this time. One complaint I heard again and again is that she sounds very muffled and unfortunately, that is partly because of the voice itself. It is quite Basey and Will probably need to be tweaked as far as equalizer goes. I don’t know how to do that but I’m sure that somebody can do the tweaking before she is rolled out across Canada on the network, with the other 3 voices. The problem with using a voice like Susan is that she would be the exact opposite, and that she would be high and tinny, with a lot of people complaining about her voice. That is what Ava will probably bring, if she isn’t tested before she is rolled out, with Tom and the 2 french voices.

In closing, here are some videos for you with two of the voices I have talked about here. One is with Steve Eady, demonstrating StarCaster Text To Speech and the other is an interview with Tom Glynn. As a bonus, I have also provided a link to a song by Tom, so you know what he sounds like when he sings and even his website. First of all, Steve Eady, who is everywhere, from: WXR Canada, ATIS, New York/Gander Volmet and Trenton Volmet if you listen to shortwave radio.

Now, here are the links to Tom Glynn.

https://tomglynn.com/music

🙂

THE WATCHDOG REPORT

If you hear anything that doesn’t sound right on your local Weather Radio transmitter, there are various ways to report a problem that depend on where you live. If you live in The United States, you can call 1-888-697-7263. You can email NOAA at nwroutage@noaa.gov, or on the web at http://www.nws.noaa.gov/nwr. If you live in Canada, you can call 1-877-789-7733. You can email the National Weatheradio Canada Team at ec.wxradio.ec@canada.ca. Also, you can report it on the NOAA Weather Radio Weatheradio Canada Facebook page and the Yahoo Weatheradio Chat Group. You will find the link to both the Facebook and the Yahoo group later in this issue and all issues of the newsletter. You can also email the author directly at wxrnewsletter@gmail.com and it will be passed on for you.

Note from the author:

I will only include items with a definitive time stamp on them, from start to finish. That is in affect the whole point of this report, to give as conclusively as possible, dates and times when outages have begun and ended. However, I will start putting in outages with unknown start and end times, as honourable mentions.

Wednesday June 13th, Toronto XMJ225 went into watchdog at 8:46 PM, after the severe weather watches and warnings had ended for the listening area. The FTP had jammed at 5.45 PM and had been restarted after 9:00 PM the same evening.

July 1 and 3 Watchdog Events

On Sunday July 1st at 1:12 AM EDT, all of Ontario had gone into watchdog mode, during a real flurry of severe thunderstorm watches and warnings for most of Ontario and a heat warning, throughout one of the longest heat waves in a number of years. It came back on July 2nd at around 9:00 PM, before the next outage. Ontario was not the only province bitten by the watchdog bug, as the Atlantic region had also gone into watchdog mode, at the same time. Fore example: Halifax XLK 473 had gone into watchdog at 2:12 AM ADT. It also had come back around the same time as Ontario on July 2nd.

Tuesday July 3rd saw a comparatively short outage this time, for only Ontario. It had gone into watchdog at 12:15 PM and came back around 12:52 PM.

Saturday July 7th, Toronto XMJ 225 had gone into watchdog mode at 9:14 PM and had been restored at around 10:30 PM, the same evening.

Tuesday July 17, Toronto XMJ 225 had gone into watchdog mode, for only 3 minutes, a day after a whole slew of severe thunderstorm watches and warnings were issued throughout Ontario, over a number of days.

Friday July 20th, all of Ontario went into watchdog at 5:15 PM and came back an hour later. apparently, gremlins got into the system again.

Monday July 23rd at 2:15 AM Toronto XMJ 225 went into watchdog mode all by itself and came back around 7:10 AM the same day.

Honorable Mention

Note: any outage which does not have a definitive start or end time will be mentioned here in future issues.

On June 11 it was reported that both WXR’s in Sudbury and little current had gone off the air since sometime on June 7. There is been no follow up on that ever since and it is not known if it is back on the air. Thanks to Allan Boyd for the report.

🙂

THE CANWARN/SKYWARN REPORT

CANWARN (CANadian Weather Amateur Radio Network) is a volunteer organization of amateur radio operators who report severe weather and damage reports to Environment Canada when they see it. Weather reports from amateur radio operators help confirm on the ground what satellites and radars see in the atmosphere. The information gathered from CANWARN is also used to update and fine tune weather warnings, fill in gaps in current observing networks and is also valuable in forensic storm analysis. When Environment Canada issues severe weather watches or warnings, they may alert the CANWARN volunteer Net Controllers in the affected areas. The volunteer Net Controllers contact other CANWARN members on the amateur radio, tell them a watch or warning has been issued and ask them to report signs of approaching severe weather. In the US SKYWARN is the American counterpart to CANWARN in Canada and the purpose for it is exactly the same.

For this section of the newsletter, we will explore how different CANWARN and SKYWARN groups operate in their local region, from time to time. There may be some SKYWARN information from meteorologists in this issue and there will be some tips on how to report severe weather for both CANWARN and SKYWARN.

We may not agree with everything that is written here, but it is important to hear from others to see how different groups operate throughout North America.

CANWARN training in Ontario is done for this year and as I mentioned earlier, Geoff Coulson has retired after 30 plus years at ECCC. This year was my 10th year and I went to two sessions: May 5th at ECCC HQ and May 16th in Oakville. Thanks also to those who helped me get from home to the sessions and back home again.

As for SKYWARN training schedules, you can go to either of the following sites:

http://www.nws.noaa.gov/skywarn/

http://skywarn.org/

https://www.meted.ucar.edu/training_course.php?id#

http://spotterguides.us/

There are many links for you to look at on these sites. 🙂

SPOTTER REPORTING TIPS

How to Report

Amateur radio network (if applicable) – Amateur Radio Condition

Condition Codes: Code Green – Severe Thunderstorm Watch

Code Yellow – Severe Thunderstorm Warning or Tornado Watch

Code Red – Tornado Warning

in Ontario by email at storm.ontario@ec.gc.ca

Twitter with hashtag #onstorm

If you are CANWARN trained you should give the following information to the weather office in order to help them ground truth: Your name, CANWARN ID, contact number, – Where – you are located and the approximate location of what you are reporting, – Describe what you are witnessing/what you witnessed, the time of occurrence of the event and duration, its movement (where the phenomenon came from and where it is going).

In the spring/summer severe weather season, please report the following:

Hail (use coins to describe its size…dime, nickel, quarter, loonie for larger hail…golf ball etc.), Heavy rain that has resulted in local flooding, Damaging winds (damage from tree branches down to more significant tree or structural damage), Large scale rotation in a thunderstorm such as: Wall Cloud – Funnel Cloud, Waterspout and Tornado, Dense fog – visibility less than 1 km

Note: if you are unsure of the rotation or presence of a wall cloud or funnel cloud…watch the area for a few minutes if it is safe to do so to verify the situation.

For the fall/winter, please report the following: Dense fog (visibility less than 1 km), Any occurrence of freezing rain or freezing drizzle, Heavily accumulating snow (2 or more cm/hr), Whiteout conditions in snow/blowing snow (visibility near zero), Rapid freezing of water on road surfaces.

For SKYWARN spotters, you should report: Tornadoes or funnel clouds (be very wary of look-alikes; watch for rotation)

waterspouts, Wall clouds, especially if they are rotating

Hail (Be specific with regard to size; however, YOU SHOULD NOT report MARBLE size)

Winds (40 mph or greater; specify whether they are estimated or recorded), large branches downed (specify the diameter of the branch), Trees/power lines downed, Structural damage to buildings such as roof, windows, etc.

Rainfall (1 inch or greater in an hour) (NOT a 1″/hr. rate for 10 minutes), 2 inches or greater storm total, Flooding — Streams/Rivers — also, when nearing bankful — Coastal — Street (Road Closures/Washouts, Cars Stuck due to flood waters. Minimum of 6″ of water covering an entire roadway or lane of a major route/highway).

For Winter Weather you should report: Precipitation type change (rain to sleet/freezing rain/snow, when the change has “taken hold”), Thunder when it is accompanied by snow, 1/4″ radial ice accretion (from twig outward; not circumference), New Snowfall from the First 2 inches; every 2-3 inches thereafter, 1 inch per hour or greater.

If it is less than 2 inches total, give the final total only Give final total: no partial reports please) Report any snow/sleet/freezing rain if not in NWS forecast.

Please consult your local Amateur Radio club or CANWARN or SKYWARN group for their: email address, Twitter account or Facebook pages.

🙂

Where toPurchase Weather Radios

Weather Radios can be purchased at various electronics stores that specialize in radios and other equipment such as:

CB World at http://www.werecb.com/,

Universal Radio at http://www.universal-radio.com/,

Radiooorld at http://www.radioworld.ca/,

Burnaby Radio at http://www.burnabyradio.com/,

Ambient Weather at http://www.ambientweather.com/, and many more retailers throughout North America.

Best Buy, which caters more to General consumer Electronics such as, Smart phones, tablets, MP3 players etc. However, they also Carrie some Weather Radios, in both Canada and the US. http://www.bestbuy.com/ also in Canada http://m.bestbuy.ca/defaultpage.aspx?lang=en and if you want results from a search on Weather Radios, https://www.bestbuy.ca/en-CA/Search/SearchResults.aspx?query=Weather+radio

Or, the free iOS app Best Buy Canada by Best Buy Canada Ltd

https://appsto.re/ca/_2iex.i

If you want more information about the app, check The developer website for more information. http://www.bestbuy.ca/en-ca/bestbuyapps.aspx

When planning to purchase your first Weather Radio, it is highly recommended to look for the Public Alert identification logo. 🙂

Weather Information on the Internet

Suggested weather sites to visit as follows; In Canada the current websites url is http://www.weather.gc.ca

Want to get your weather in the US? Go to http://www.nws.noaa.gov/

Weatheradio Canada webpage at http://www.ec.gc.ca/weatheradio

NOAA Weather Radio webpage at http://www.nws.noaa.gov/nwr.

DX Info Centre at http://www.dxinfocentre.com/, to hear what Weather Radio sounds like before buying your first receiver, visit YouTube at http://www.youtube.com/ or just use Google to watch or listen to Youtube video or audio.

The NOAA Weather Radio All Hazards Newsletter is published four times a year. There is some seasonal information to notify recipients of additional weather information available to them that they may not know about (most of which can be found on the NOAA Watch web site http://www.noaawatch.gov/ ). At this site you can also subscribe to various weather feeds. The rest of the newsletter remains relatively unchanged due to outreach requirements. The current newsletter is available at the Noaa Weather Radio website http://www.weather.gov/nwr/news.htm. At this time, there is no newsletter mailing list to subscribe.

If you have additional questions, please feel free to e-mail answers@noaa.gov, here is the link to the answers website; http://findanswers.noaa.gov/noaa.answers/consumer/search.asp.

Yahoo Weatheradio Chatgroup, at

http://tech.Groups.yahoo.com/group/weatheradio/,

NOAA and Weatheradio Canada group on Facebook,

https://m.facebook.com/groups/weatheradio/

WXtoIMG at http://www.wxtoim.com/downloads/,

Digital Atmosphere at http://www.weathergraphics.com/da/

WebEx

http://www.freewebs.com/ve1jbl/canwarn.htm

NWS Taunton Amateur Radio SKYWARN Station home page at http://www.wx1box.org

The Maritime Amateur (Ham Radio for Maritimers by Maritimers) http://www.maritimeamateur.ca

VoIP Hurricane Prep Net – Saturday 9pm Atlantic Time / http://www.voipwx.net/

Phil Chadwicks blog at philtheforecaster.blogspot.com

🙂

Weather or Weather Radio Apps

This is a newly constructed list and it needs more results for future reference. If you have idea’s for weather or Weather Radio apps which should be put into future issues of the newsletter, send an email to the author at wxrnewsletter@gmail.com. Right now these are iPhone apps only, because that is all we have at the moment. Your help is needed to expand it.

CanWeather2 by High5

https://appsto.re/ca/M0aK6.i

Weather Office Free by X2 Studios

https://appsto.re/ca/–gXw.i

This app provides weather and forecast information for both Canada and the US from Environment Canada and the National Weather Service respectively. In fact nearly all apps mentioned here provide information from one or both sources. There is a version you pay for but to me, it is the same as the free version.

NOAA Weather Radio by Christopher Coudriet

https://appsto.re/ca/R0LCy.i

This app allows you to listen to NOAA Weather Radio and receive alerts for your county in the US. It would be nice if it also provided the same feature for Weatheradio Canada and Canadians too.

The Weather Center by Midland Radio Corporation

https://appsto.re/ca/9De3K.i

This app provides access to Midland Radio via social media and also provides weather forecast information and much more.

Weather Radio by WDT by Weather Decision Technologies, Inc.

https://appsto.re/ca/5eBPy.i

This app gives you NWS alerts and also pushes lightning alerts to your iPhone, when lightning is possibly detected in your local area or, in area’s you have selected.

TuneIn Radio – Stream Live Radio by TuneIn

https://appsto.re/ca/_7t-y.i

This popular app allows you to listen to conventional, Internet and even some Weather Radio stations when and where available. you can even listen to podcasts of your favourite radio shows if you like and maybe even audiobooks, To help you pass the time in the monotony of a commute or while waiting in the waiting room for an appointment.

Météo – Canadian Weather by North Bits Solutions Ltd.

https://appsto.re/ca/vu0i3.i

This is another app designed for Canadians and is available in both english and french. It is similar to the Degrees Pro app and some of the others on this list. It is also free, despite that it offers in app purchases.

Atmosphérique Pro – Canadian Weather from EC by Quadrant Newmedia Corp.

https://appsto.re/ca/ZcvgB.i

Radar Eh – Canada radar & alerts app using Environment Canada radar data by Zhao Han

https://appsto.re/ca/pA09cb.i

Weather Nets On Ham Radio from Daryl Stout WX1DER

a) VoIP Skywarn Hurricane Prep Net — Meets at 8pm Eastern, 7pm Central, 6pm Mountain, 5pm Pacific Time, on the *WX_TALK* Echolink Conference Server…Echolink Node 7203, and IRLP Node 9219.

During the off-season hurricane months from December through May, the net meets on the FIRST SATURDAY of the month ONLY. During the Atlantic Hurricane Season, from June through November, the net meets WEEKLY, at 8pm Eastern, 7pm Central, 6pm Mountain, and 5pm Pacific Time.

Also, note that on the first Saturday of December, the net is ONE HOUR EARLIER…at 7pm Eastern, 6pm Central, 5pm Mountain, and 5pm Pacific Time. This is so at the conclusion of Skywarn Recognition Day, stations don’t have to wait for the net to occur.

Further details are at http://www.voipwx.net

b) Southeast US D-Star Weather Net — Meets at 9pm Eastern, 8pm Central, 7pm Mountain, and 6pm Pacific, every Sunday night, on Reflector 2, Port A. The net also meets on the Southeast US D-Star Weather Net Ratflector on D-Rats.

Further details are at http://www.dstarinfo.com/se-d-star-wx-net.aspx

Lastly, stations can get a list of selected D-Star Nets during the week by sending an email to me at wx1der@gmail.com — and again, a list of selected Echolink Nets is at http://www.wx1der.com/elk.htm

Daryl Stout, WX1DER, Net Control

VoIP Skywarn Hurricane Prep Net

Southeast US D-Star Weather Net

Certified Skywarn Severe Storrrm Spotter

The official Weather Radio Listeners Newsletter Twitter Account

https://mobile.twitter.com/wxrnewsletter

There are many reliable manufacturers and retailers of Weather Radios sold in Canada and the USA. Below is a list of the recommended models currently for sale. Note: This list of suggested weather radios is strictly for informational purposes, and not as an endorsement of any specific model or manufacturer.

Midland Radio Corporation http://www.Midlandradio.com WR-300, W-r100B, EH55VP, WR-120, HH54VP, HH54VP2, ER102, Er300, ER310, EH55VP, Nautico 3, WR-11 and WR-400 are all manufactured by Midland and sold in North America.

Oregon Scientific http://www2oregonscientific.com W-R601, W-R203 and W-R602 are currently sold in North America.

Uniden Corporation http://www.Uniden.com BC75XLT, BC95XLT, BC125AT, BC346XT, BCT15X, BCD996XT, Homepatrol, BC436HP, BC536HP and BCD396XT are currently sold in North America.

Sangean USA http://www.Sangean.com CL100, DT400,, DT500, MMR88, PR-D4W and PRD9W are manufactured by Sangean and currently sold in North America.

Reecom Electronics Inc

http://www.reecominc.com R-1630, R-1650, R-200 and R-500 are manufactured by Reecom and currently sold in North America.

Kaito Electronics Inc http://www.kaitousa.com/. KA500, KA101 and KA600 are currently sold in North America.

Alert Works http://www.alert-works.com/ Alert Works desktop model EAR-10 is currently sold in North America.

🙂

In Closing

If you have any comments or suggestions, or if you wish to submit an article, please email the author Gord at wxrnewsletter@gmail.com

blindgordie@gmail.com

or va3wxa@gmail.com. We also encourage you to visit http://www.qrz.com/db/va3wxa and you can also follow him on Twitter @WxrNewsletter @BlindGordie or @VA3WXA. Also, check out his blog at

http://blindgordieblog.wordpress.com

Also, check out The Weather Radio Listeners Newsletter on Facebook at https://www.facebook.com/groups/1854305558188610/

You can also contact him on Skype and his Skype name is blindgordie.

I would like to give special thanks to those who made contributions to this latest issue as follows:

Brandon Hennis K0USM, Daryl Stout WX1DER, Marc-Antoine Chabot, Bob Robichaud VE1MBR, Midland Radio Corporation, Malcolm Kendal VE3BGD, Jim Langille VE1JBL, Gregory Zwicker, Phil Chadwick, Geoff Coulson and Marc Fitkin for their help and contributions to the newsletter, among others.

Sincerely, Gord The Old Reliable.VA3WXA.